Political committees are prohibited from accepting contributions that violate the contribution limits.
State and local committees
A state party committee may receive up to $10,000 per calendar year from individuals and from non-multicandidate political committees. This limit is shared with all district and local party committees within the state unless a district or local committee can demonstrate it is not affiliated with the state committee. (A district or local party committee that has demonstrated its independence from the state party committee may receive up to $5,000 from an individual.) Additionally, a state party committee may receive up to $5,000 per year from multicandidate political committees.
National party committees
A national party committee may receive up to $15,000 per calendar year from a multicandidate committee and $33,900 per calendar year from non-multicandidate committees and individual contributors.
Candidate limit may apply
A contribution received by a party committee may count against the contributor’s contribution limit for a particular candidate if:
- The contributor knows that a substantial portion of his or her contribution will be given to or spent on behalf of a particular candidate; or
- The contributor retains control over the funds after making the contribution (for example, the contributor earmarks the contribution for a particular candidate).
Contributions from affiliated PACs
Political action committees (PACs) that are affiliated with one another share the same set of contribution limits. For example, affiliated non-multicandidate PACs may contribute a combined total of $10,000 per year to a state party committee (and its district and local affiliates).
Affiliated multicandidate PACs may contribute a combined total of $5,000 per year to a state party committee (and its district and local affiliates).
Contributions from spouses
Spouses each have separate contribution limits, even if only one spouse has an income. A couple may make a joint contribution (part of which would be attributed to each).
A joint contribution is a contribution that is made by more than one person using a single check or other written instrument. A joint contribution represents the personal funds of each donor, so each donor must sign either the check or an accompanying statement.
For the purposes of the contribution limits, a joint contribution is attributed equally to each donor, unless an accompanying statement indicates that the funds should be divided differently. See “Reattributions.”
A contribution from a partnership counts against the partnership’s limit and also counts proportionally against the limits of each participating partner.
$100 limit on cash contributions
Contributions of currency from any one source are limited to $100. A cash contribution in excess of that limit must be returned to the contributor.
$50 limit on anonymous contributions
An anonymous contribution is limited to $50. Any amount in excess of $50 must be promptly disposed of, and may be used for any lawful purpose unrelated to any federal election, candidate or campaign.