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Help for candidates and committees

Learn more about how individuals and groups can be active in federal elections and the requirements that apply to them. 

Dates and deadlines

All FEC reporting deadlines, reporting periods and compliance periods


All FEC registration and reporting forms

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Candidates and their authorized committees

An individual running for a seat in the Senate or the House of Representatives becomes a candidate when he or she raises or spends more than $5,000 in contributions or expenditures.

House and Senate candidates must designate a campaign committee. This "authorized committee" takes in contributions and make expenditures on behalf of the campaign.

Political party committees

Political party committees represent a political party at a local, state or national level. Examples of political party committees include the Democratic National Committee, the Green Party of the United States, the Libertarian National Committee and the Republican National Committee.

Political party committees can take in contributions and make expenditures to influence federal elections.

Corporations and labor organizations

Corporations and labor organizations can’t make contributions to federal candidates, but they can establish and administer a special kind of political committee, called a separate segregated fund (SSF).

SSFs can solicit contributions from a limited group of people. They can make contributions to candidates and make expenditures that are coordinated with candidates.

Keeping records as an SSF

Taking in receipts as an SSF

Making disbursements as an SSF

Handling SSF loans, debts and advances

Political action committees (PACs)

Groups that want to set up a PAC and aren'tcandidate’s authorized committee, a political party committee or an SSF can set up a type of PAC called a nonconnected committee.

There are several types of nonconnected committees, including the following:

  • Hybrid PACs
  • Leadership PACs
  • Super PACs (also called independent expenditure committees)

Nonconnected committees can take in contributions and make expenditures to influence federal elections.