Help for candidates and committees
Learn more about how individuals and groups can be active in federal elections and the requirements that apply to them.
Political party committees
Political party committees represent a political party at a local, state or national level. Examples of political party committees include the Democratic National Committee, the Green Party of the United States, the Libertarian National Committee and the Republican National Committee.
Political party committees can take in contributions and make expenditures to influence federal elections.
Corporations and labor organizations
Corporations and labor organizations can’t make contributions to federal candidates, but they can establish and administer a special kind of political committee, called a separate segregated fund (SSF).
SSFs can solicit contributions from a limited group of people. They can make contributions to candidates and make expenditures that are coordinated with candidates.
Keeping records »
Taking in receipts »
Making disbursements »
Terminating an SSF »
Handling loans, debts and advances »
Political action committees (PACs)
Groups that want to set up a PAC and aren't a candidate’s authorized committee, a political party committee or an SSF can set up a type of PAC called a nonconnected committee.
There are several types of nonconnected committees, including the following:
- Hybrid PACs
- Leadership PACs
- Super PACs (also called independent expenditure committees)
Nonconnected committees can take in contributions and make expenditures to influence federal elections.