Pennsylvania will hold a Special General Election on March 13, 2018, to fill the U.S. House seat in the 18th Congressional District vacated by Representative Tim Murphy. Under state law, parties can nominate candidates by conventions/caucuses. The Commission has exercised its discretion not to require reports in connection with those nominating conventions/caucuses.
Filing schedule for candidates
Candidate committees involved in the Special General Election must follow this reporting schedule:
|Report||Close of books||Mailing deadline||Filing deadline|
|Pre-General||February 21, 2018||February 26, 2018||March 01, 2018|
|48-Hour Notices||February 22 – March 10, 2018|
|Post-General||April 02, 2018||April 12, 2018||April 12, 2018|
|July Quarterly||June 30, 2018||July 15, 2018||July 15, 2018|
Please note that the FEC does not have authority to extend filing deadlines, even when they fall on weekends.
Additional details are available at https://transition.fec.gov/pages/report_notices/2018/pa18.shtml.
Filing schedule for PACs and party committees
That schedule also applies to PACs and party committees that file on a quarterly basis in 2018 and participate in this election. PACs and party committees that file monthly should continue to file according to their regular filing schedule.
Additional details are available in the Federal Register notice.
Reports filed electronically must be received and validated by the Commission by 11:59 p.m. Eastern Time on the applicable filing deadline. Electronic filers who instead file on paper or submit an electronic report that does not pass the Commission’s validation program by the filing deadline will be considered nonfilers and may be subject to enforcement actions, including administrative fines.
Timely filing for paper filers
Registered and certified mail. Reports sent by registered or certified mail are considered to be filed on the date of their postmark. See 52 U.S.C. § 30104(a)(5); 11 CFR 104.5(e). Accordingly, pre-election reports sent by registered or certified mail must be postmarked on or before the mailing deadline to be considered timely filed; other reports must be postmarked by the filing deadline. See 52 U.S.C. § 30104(a)(2)(A)(i), (a)(4)(A)(ii); 11 CFR 100.19(b)(1), 104.5(a)(2). A committee sending its reports by certified or registered mail should keep its mailing receipt with the U.S. Postal Service (USPS) postmark as proof of mailing because the USPS does not keep complete records of items sent by certified or registered mail. 11 CFR 104.5(i).
Overnight mail. Reports filed via overnight mail will be considered timely filed if the report is received by the delivery service on or before the mailing/filing deadline. “Overnight mail” includes Priority or Priority Express Mail having a delivery confirmation, or an overnight service with which the report is scheduled for next business day delivery and is recorded in the service’s online tracking system.
A committee sending its reports by Priority Mail or Priority Express Mail, or by an overnight delivery service, should keep its proof of mailing or other means of transmittal of its reports. 52 U.S.C. § 30104(a)(5) and 11 CFR 100.19 and 104.5(e).
Other means of filing. Reports sent by other means—including first class mail and courier— must be received by the FEC before the Commission’s close of business on the filing deadline. 11 CFR 100.19 and 104.5(e). (If the deadline falls on a weekend or federal holiday, such filers should plan accordingly and file reports by the close of business on the last business day before the filing deadline.)
Forms are available for downloading and printing at the FEC’s website at https://www.fec.gov/help-candidates-and-committees/forms/.
48-hour contribution notices
A participating candidate’s principal campaign committee must file a 48-hour notice each time it receives a contribution of $1,000 or more per source from February 22 through March 10, 2018, for the Special General Election.
24- and 48-hour reports of independent expenditures
Political committees and other persons must file 24-hour reports of independent expenditures that aggregate $1,000 or more from February 22 through March 11, 2018, for the Special General Election. This requirement is addition to that of filing 48-hour reports of independent expenditures that aggregate $10,000 or more up to and including the 20th day before an election. The 48-hour reporting requirement applies to independent expenditures that aggregate at or above $10,000 prior to February 22, 2018, for the Special General Election.
The 60-day electioneering communications period in connection with the Special General Election runs from January 12 through March 13, 2018.
Disclosure of lobbyist bundling activity
Campaign committees, party committees and leadership PACs that are otherwise required to file reports in connection with the special elections must simultaneously file FEC Form 3L if they receive two or more bundled contributions from any lobbyist/registrant or lobbyist/registrant PAC that aggregate in excess of the lobbyist bundling disclosure threshold during the special election reporting periods.
NOTE: The lobbyist bundling disclosure threshold for calendar year 2017 is $17,900. This threshold amount may increase in 2018 based upon the annual cost of living adjustment (COLA). Once the adjusted threshold amount becomes available, the Commission will publish it in the Federal Register and post it on its website. See 11 CFR 110.17(e)(2). For more information on these requirements, see Federal Register notice 2009-03, 74 Fed. Reg. 7285 (February 17, 2009).
52 U.S.C. § 30104(a)
11 CFR 104.5
11 CFR 104.5(c)
Filing dates; committees that are not authorized committees of candidates
11 CFR 104.5(e)
Date of filing
11 CFR 104.5(h)
Special election reports
11 CFR 104.5(i)
Retaining proof of mailing
11 CFR 110.17(e)(2)
Lobbyist/registrant and lobbyist/registrant PAC contribution bundling disclosure threshold
- Pennsylvania 18th district special election prior notice
- 2018 reporting dates (2018 reporting deadlines will be posted in January.)
- Pennsylvania 18th district special election compliance page
- Federal Register notice [PDF]