A former candidate’s principal campaign committee can become a multicandidate political action committee (PAC) as an alternative to terminating the committee. To change the committee type, the committee must amend its Statement of Organization, Form 1.
After the conversion, the committee remains responsible for resolving outstanding obligations, such as debts and unrefunded impermissible contributions. The committee must also address Requests for Additional Information that were received before it converted.
Note that principal campaign committees of active candidates cannot qualify as multicandidate committees.
Changing the committee’s registration
A candidate committee changes to a multicandidate committee by amending the Statement of Organization, Form 1. The committee must amend the Form 1 to:
- Change the committee’s name. A PAC’s name should not include the candidate’s name.
- Update the committee type.
- Amend any other information that has changed.
Changing the committee's name and information
Updating the committee type
A Senate committee that converts to a multicandidate committee will file the amended Statement of Organization and all subsequent filings with the FEC instead of with the Secretary of the Senate.
If a Senate committee has exceeded the electronic filing threshold, it will:
- Submit the amended Form 1 on paper to the FEC to change its committee type
- Request an electronic filing password
- Submit all subsequent filings electronically
Registering multicandidate status
A political action committee may register as a multicandidate committee when it has been registered at least 6 months, has more than 50 contributors, and has made contributions to at least 5 candidates for federal office.
To register its multicandidate status, the committee will file a Notification of Multicandidate Status, Form 1M. The committee can use the length of time it was registered before changing committee types, the number of contributions it made in the past, and the number of contributions it received in the past to qualify for multicandidate status.
Changing reporting forms
After converting to a multicandidate committee, the committee follows the filing schedule for unauthorized committees and reports using the Form 3X.
Reporting with FECFile
Your campaign finance analyst or the Electronic Filing Office can assist you in converting a principal campaign committee to a multicandidate committee.
Contact your campaign finance analyst
1-800-424-9530, menu option 5
Contact the Electronic Filing Office
1-800-424-9530, menu option 4