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The Impact of the National Voter Registration Act of 1993 on the Administration of Federal Elections

June 1997

Executive Summary

This document is a report to the United States Congress on the impact of the National Voter Registration Act of 1993 (NVRA) on the administration of elections for federal office during the preceding two-year period, 1995 through 1996.

This second report is based on survey results from 43 States and the District of Columbia. Six (6) States are not included because they are exempt from the provisions of the Act. Vermont is not included because of State constitutional impediments that have delayed full implementation.

General

States reported a total of 142,995,856 registered voters nationwide for 1996, amounting to 72.77 % of the Voting Age Population (VAP). This is the highest percentage of voter registration since reliable records were first available in 1960.

The report also notes that the number of Americans actually voting in 1996 declined by over 5 percentage points from 1992 -- the first presidential election since 1972, when the franchise was extended to 18-21 year olds, that voter registration rose while turnout declined.

According to the highlights of the report, which covers the first two years in which the new law was in effect, during 1995 and 1996:

  • There were, in total, 41,452,428 registration applications or transactions processed nationwide.
  • Two thirds or 27,485,055 represented new transactions
  • There was a 5.2% rate of duplicates.
  • The remaining one third of the total transactions, or about 13,967,373, represented changes of name and address.
  • A total of 8,723,301 names were deleted from the registration lists under the new lists verification procedures of the law, while another 7,083,794 registrants were declared "inactive" and will be removed after 1998 if they fail to vote in that election.

In summary, the report finds that voter registration in States covered by the NVRA rose in 1996 by 1.82 percentage points -- or some 3,390,000 people -- over 1992, the previous comparable election. It should be noted, however, that the NVRA was in effect for only 22 months or less in the covered States.

Highlights of this Report

Mail Registration

The mail registration provisions of the NVRA caused relatively few problems for the States and accounted for nearly one third of all voter registration applications from 1995 through 1996. This general success of mail registration is traceable in part to the fact that 25 of the 43 States that responded to our survey had already implemented mail registration before the NVRA. Today, all 45 States covered by the NVRA have mail registration. Several of the States were, however, delayed in implementing it well past January of 1995 because of legislative, litigative, or printing problems. By the same token, all 45 States now accept the National voter registration form devised by the Federal Election Commission, as do several States exempt from the Act.

Motor Voter

The motor vehicle provisions of the NVRA appeared to be the easiest for States to implement. This is due in large part to the fact that at least twenty-six (26) States reported that they had conducted some form of motor voter registration program prior to the passage of the NVRA. Motor voter agencies also yielded the highest volume of registration applications among the various agencies mandated by the NVRA, accounting for 33.1% (13,722,000) of the total number of registration applications in the United States during 1995 and 1996.

Agency Registration

Figures provided by forty-one (41) States indicate that over 24,600 separate sites provided agency voter registration opportunities to their clientele during the period covered by this report. Applications received at all agency sites combined represented 11.07% of the total number of registration applications in the United States. Public assistance agencies accounted for 6.28% of this figure; agencies designated by the States accounted for 4.18%; disability service agencies accounted for .43%; and armed forces recruitment offices accounted for .18%.

States had some difficulty in implementing the provision at Section 7 (a)(3)(A) of the Act which requires States to designate offices other than those required by the Act to provide agency voter registration services. Four (4) States reported that they did not designate any agencies to participate in this program. Only twenty-one (21) of the forty-three (43) States responding to the survey reported designating more than one State agency to participate under this provision of the Act. Our survey responses reveal a wide variety of agencies selected by these 21 States.

List Maintenance

The list maintenance provisions of the NVRA grant the States considerable latitude in the routine and systematic methods by which they may ensure the accuracy of their voter registration lists by removing the names of those who are no longer eligible. They also prohibit the States from removing names from the voter registration list merely for failure to vote or for moving within the registrar's jurisdiction. As one might expect, the 45 States covered by this report approached the rather technical and detailed problems of list maintenance quite differently and unevenly.

Fail-safe Provisions

The fail-safe provisions of the NVRA allow States options on where and how registrants who have moved within the registrar's jurisdiction or who have inadvertently been placed on the inactive list may vote. And once again, the States pursued a variety of different approaches to this matter.

Recommendations

The most significant problems reported by the States tended to group into three broad categories. Accordingly, the FEC offers three core recommendations for improving the NVRA:

  • that States which do not require all or part of the applicant's social security number voluntarily (1) amend their election codes to require only the last four digits from all new voter registration applicants, and (2) endeavor to obtain that same item of information from all current registered voters;
  • that States which have not yet done so voluntarily (1) develop and implement a statewide computerized voter registration database; (2) ensure that all local registration offices are computerized; and (3) link their statewide computerized system, where feasible, with the computerized systems of the collateral public agencies relevant to the NVRA (motor vehicle offices, public assistance offices, etc.); and

that the U.S. Postal Service (1) create a new class of mail for "official election material" that encompasses all mail items requisite to the NVRA and provide the most favorable reduced rates affordable for the first class treatment of such mailings; and (2) provide space in their postal lobbies free of charge to State and local election officials for voter registration material.

Statistical Highlights of the Federal Election Commission Report to the Congress on the Impact of the National Voter Registration Act 1995-1996


The National Voter Registration Act (NVRA) requires the Commission to submit to Congress a report assessing the impact of the NVRA on the administration of federal elections during the preceding two year period, and recommending improvements in federal and State procedures, forms, and other matters. This report is due no later than June 30 of each odd-numbered year.

The figures on these pages are based on survey results from 43 States and the District of Columbia. Six States are not included because they are exempt from the provisions of the Act. Vermont is not included because of State constitutional impediments that have delayed full implementation.

Notes on the Data Elements in the First Table

  • Data on all States are presented whether or not the State is under the NVRA. The names of the States exempt from the NVRA are presented in italics.
  • VAP refers to Voting Age Population. The figures are from the U.S. Bureau of Census Estimated Voting Age Population based on the November 1996 Current Population Survey.
  • Registration figures on Idaho, Minnesota, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Vermont, Wisconsin and Wyoming were obtained from the Voter Registration and Turnout series produced by the Government Division of the Congressional Research Service at the Library of Congress with data provided by Election Data Services.
  • Registration figures on the remaining States were provided by the States themselves and may be incomplete owing to incomplete local reporting or because of delays in implementing the NVRA. As a result of this incomplete reporting, the total registration figures for 1996 will in some cases be at variance with 1996 registration figures reported elsewhere by the FEC and by other authoritative sources.
  • Registration figures are provided in total registrants as well as in "active" registrants and "inactive" registrants in States that made such a distinction. ("Inactive " registrants are essentially all those that were, based on information provided by the Postal Service, mailed a confirmation notice but neither responded nor offered to vote in the subsequent federal election).

National and State Voting Age Population and Voter Registration 1992-1996

State 1992 1994 1996
ALABAMA
Total VAP 3,080,000 3,138,000 3,220,000
Total Active 2,306,419 2,477,355
% Active 73.50% 76.94%
Total Inactive 328,639 255,234
Total REG 2,367,972 2,635,058 2,732,589
% REG 76.88% 83.97% 84.86%
ALASKA
Total VAP 405,000 429,000 425,000
Total Active 336,226 414,815
% Active 78.37% 97.60%
Total Inactive 54,216
Total REG 315,058 336,226 469,031
% REG 77.79% 78.37% 110.36%
ARIZONA
Total VAP 2,812,000 2,923,000 3,145,000
Total Active 2,073,442 2,247,662
% Active 70.94% 71.47%
Total Inactive 242,320 254,932
Total REG 1,964,949 2,315,762 2,502,594
% REG 69.88% 79.23% 79.57%
ARKANSAS
Total VAP 1,774,000 1,817,000 1,873,000
Total Active 1,274,885 1,369,459
% Active 70.16% 73.12%
Total Inactive
Total REG 1,317,944 1,274,885 1,369,459
% REG 74.29% 70.16% 73.12%
CALIFORNIA
Total VAP 22,521,000 23,225,000 22,826,000
Total Active 14,723,784 15,662,075
% Active 63.40% 68.62%
Total Inactive 1,025,952
Total REG 15,101,473 14,723,784 16,688,027
% REG 67.06% 63.40% 73.11%
COLORADO
Total VAP 2,579,000 2,713,000 2,862,000
Total Active 2,033,094 1,911,651
% Active 74.94% 66.79%
Total Inactive 434,602
Total REG 2,003,375 2,033,094 2,346,253
% REG 77.68% 74.94% 81.98%
CONNECTICUT
Total VAP 2,508,000 2,486,000 2,479,000
Total Active 1,791,685 1,881,323
% Active 72.07% 75.89%
Total Inactive 95,426
Total REG 1,961,503 1,791,685 1,976,749
% REG 78.21% 72.07% 79.74%
DELAWARE
Total VAP 521,000 534,000 548,000
Total Active 348,122 419,508
% Active 65.19% 76.55%
Total Inactive 18,426
Total REG 342,088 348,122 401,082
% REG 65.66% 65.19% 73.19%
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
Total VAP 467,000 452,000 422,000
Total Active 361,890 361,419
% Active 80.06% 85.64%
Total Inactive 34,273
Total REG 340,953 361,890 395,692
% REG 73.01% 80.06% 93.77%
FLORIDA
Total VAP 10,422,000 10,856,000 11,030,000
Total Active 6,559,598 7,484,341
% Active 60.42% 67.85%
Total Inactive 593,536
Total REG 6,541,825 6,559,598 8,077,877
% REG 62.77% 60.42% 73.24%
GEORGIA
Total VAP 5,006,000 5,159,000 5,418,000
Total Active 3,003,527 3,811,284
% Active 58.22% 70.34%
Total Inactive
Total REG 3,177,061 3,003,527 3,811,284
% REG 63.47% 58.22% 70.34%
HAWAII
Total VAP 866,000 900,000 890,000
Total Active 488,889 544,916
% Active 54.32% 61.23%
Total Inactive 61,620 17,127
Total REG 464,495 550,509 562,043
% REG 53.64% 61.17% 63.15%
IDAHO (exempt from NVRA)
Total VAP 750,000 803,000 858,000
Total Active 625,803 700,430
% Active 77.93% 81.64%
Total Inactive
Total REG 611,121 625,803 700,430
% REG 81.48% 77.93% 81.64%
ILLINOIS
Total VAP 8,598,000 8,712,000 8,754,000
Total Active 6,119,001 6,663,301
% Active 70.24% 76.12%
Total Inactive 797,513
Total REG 6,600,358 6,119,001 7,460,814
% REG 76.77% 70.24% 85.23%
INDIANA
Total VAP 4,209,000 4,298,000 4,374,000
Total Active 2,976,255 3,488,088
% Active 69.25% 79.75%
Total Inactive
Total REG 3,180,157 2,976,255 3,488,088
% REG 75.56% 69.25% 79.75%
IOWA
Total VAP 2,073,000 2,112,000 2,138,000
Total Active 1,640,533 1,741,949
% Active 77.68% 81.48%
Total Inactive 34,464
Total REG 1,703,532 1,640,533 1,776,433
% REG 82.18% 77.68% 83.09%
KANSAS
Total VAP 1,840,000 1,889,000 1,897,000
Total Active 1,314,213 1,438,894
% Active 69.57% 75.85%
Total Inactive
Total REG 1,365,847 1,314,213 1,438,894
% REG 74.23% 69.57% 75.85%
KENTUCKY
Total VAP 2,798,000 2,857,000 2,928,000
Total Active 2,132,152 2,391,190
% Active 74.63% 81.67%
Total Inactive 4,896
Total REG 2,076,263 2,132,152 2,396,086
% REG 74.21% 74.63% 81.83%
LOUISIANA
Total VAP 3,045,000 3,100,000 3,131,000
Total Active 2,151,955 2,480,033
% Active 69.42% 79.21%
Total Inactive 78,638
Total REG 2,292,129 2,151,955 2,558,671
% REG 75.28% 69.42% 81.72%
MAINE
Total VAP 932,000 931,000 945,000
Total Active 940,569 1,001,292
% Active 101.03% 105.96%
Total Inactive
Total REG 974,603 940,569 1,001,292
% REG 104.57% 101.03% 105.96%
MARYLAND
Total VAP 3,705,000 3,750,000 3,820,000
Total Active 2,299,580 2,577,191
% Active 61.32% 67.47%
Total Inactive 110,060
Total REG 2,463,010 2,299,580 2,687,251
% REG 66.48% 61.32% 70.35%
MASSACHUSETTS
Total VAP 4,616,000 4,564,000 4,649,000
Total Active 3,153,341 3,494,927
% Active 69.09% 75.18%
Total Inactive 329,749
Total REG 3,351,918 3,153,341 3,824,676
% REG 72.62% 69.09% 82.27%
MICHIGAN
Total VAP 6,947,000 6,983,000 7,072,000
Total Active 6,207,662 6,677,079
% Active 88.90% 94.42%
Total Inactive
Total REG 6,157,675 6,207,662 6,677,079
% REG 88.64% 88.90% 94.42%
MINNESOTA (exempt from NVRA)
Total VAP 3,272,000 3,362,000 3,422,000
Total Active 2,857,463 3,067,802
% Active 84.99% 89.65%
Total Inactive
Total REG 3,138,901 2,857,463 3,067,802
% REG 95.93% 84.99% 89.65%
MISSISSIPPI
Total VAP 1,873,000 1,905,000 1,967,000
Total Active 1,625,640 1,731,852
% Active 85.34% 88.05%
Total Inactive 94,101
Total REG 1,640,150 1,625,640 1,825,953
% REG 87.57% 85.34% 92.83%
MISSOURI
Total VAP 3,851,000 3,902,000 3,995,000
Total Active 2,952,642 3,342,849
% Active 75.67% 83.68%
Total Inactive
Total REG 3,067,955 2,952,642 3,342,849
% REG 79.67% 75.67% 83.68%
MONTANA
Total VAP 600,000 623,000 656,000
Total Active 514,051 590,751
% Active 82.51% 90.05%
Total Inactive
Total REG 529,822 514,051 590,751
% REG 88.30% 82.51% 90.05%
NEBRASKA
Total VAP 1,164,000 1,192,000 1,211,000
Total Active 919,321 1,015,056
% Active 77.12% 83.82%
Total Inactive
Total REG 951,395 919,321 1,015,056
% REG 81.73% 77.12% 83.82%
NEVADA
Total VAP 1,011,000 1,088,000 1,212,000
Total Active 625,842 722,608
% Active 57.52% 59.62%
Total Inactive 56,416
Total REG 649,913 625,842 779,318
% REG 64.28% 57.52% 64.30%
NEW HAMPSHIRE (exempt from NVRA)
Total VAP 838,000 843,000 871,000
Total Active 677,620 754,771
% Active 80.38% 86.66%
Total Inactive
Total REG 660,985 677,620 754,771
% REG 78.88% 80.38% 86.66%
NEW JERSEY
Total VAP 5,964,000 5,974,000 6,034,000
Total Active 3,905,435 4,111,031
% Active 65.37% 68.13%
Total Inactive 198,789
Total REG 4,060,337 3,905,435 4,309,820
% REG 68.08% 65.37% 71.43%
NEW MEXICO
Total VAP 1,121,000 1,167,000 1,224,000
Total Active 713,645 738,525
% Active 61.15% 60.34%
Total Inactive 99,269
Total REG 706,966 713,645 837,794
% REG 63.07% 61.15% 68.45%
NEW YORK
Total VAP 13,705,000 13,646,000 13,564,000
Total Active 8,818,691 9,567,988
% Active 64.62% 70.54%
Total Inactive 592,135
Total REG 9,193,391 8,818,691 10,160,123
% REG 67.08% 64.62% 74.91%
NORTH CAROLINA
Total VAP 5,190,000 5,364,000 5,519,000
Total Active 3,635,875 4,225,765
% Active 67.78% 76.57%
Total Inactive 92,243
Total REG 3,817,380 3,635,875 4,318,008
% REG 73.55% 67.78% 78.24%
NORTH DAKOTA (exempt from NVRA)
Total VAP 462,000 467,000 476,000
Total Active
% Active
Total Inactive
Total REG
% REG
OHIO
Total VAP 8,207,000 8,313,000 8,347,000
Total Active 6,250,545 6,842,272
% Active 75.19% 81.97%
Total Inactive
Total REG 6,542,931 6,250,545 6,842,272
% REG 79.72% 75.19% 81.97%
OKLAHOMA
Total VAP 2,352,000 2,394,000 2,426,000
Total Active 1,706,194 1,985,535
% Active 71.27% 81.84%
Total Inactive 337,398
Total REG 2,302,279 2,043,592 1,985,535
% REG 97.89% 85.36% 81.84%
OREGON
Total VAP 2,220,000 2,311,000 2,411,000
Total Active 1,254,265 1,962,155
% Active 54.27% 81.38%
Total Inactive 578,509 140,394
Total REG 1,775,416 1,832,774 2,102,549
% REG 79.97% 79.31% 87.21%
PENNSYLVANIA
Total VAP 9,161,000 9,212,000 9,197,000
Total Active 5,879,093 6,747,839
% Active 63.82% 73.37%
Total Inactive 57,749
Total REG 5,993,002 5,879,093 6,805,612
% REG 65.42% 63.82% 74.00%
RHODE ISLAND
Total VAP 768,000 764,000 751,000
Total Active 552,638 602,692
% Active 72.33% 80.25%
Total Inactive
Total REG 554,664 552,638 602,692
% REG 72.22% 72.33% 80.25%
SOUTH CAROLINA
Total VAP 2,669,000 2,740,000 2,771,000
Total Active 1,499,589 1,814,776
% Active 54.73% 65.49%
Total Inactive 103,950 213,599
Total REG 1,537,140 1,499,564 1,814,777
% REG 57.59% 54.73% 65.49%
SOUTH DAKOTA
Total VAP 505,000 522,000 535,000
Total Active 430,539 462,858
% Active 82.48% 86.52%
Total Inactive 16,087
Total REG 448,292 430,539 478,945
% REG 88.77% 82.48% 89.52%
TENNESSEE
Total VAP 3,796,000 3,913,000 4,035,000
Total Active 2,693,003 3,011,195
% Active 68.82% 74.63%
Total Inactive 86,141
Total REG 2,726,449 2,693,003 3,097,336
% REG 71.82% 68.82% 76.76%
TEXAS
Total VAP 12,681,000 13,166,000 13,597,000
Total Active 8,641,848 9,551,191
% Active 65.64% 70.24%
Total Inactive 989,487
Total REG 8,440,143 8,641,848 10,540,678
% REG 66.56% 65.64% 77.52%
UTAH
Total VAP 1,169,000 1,246,000 1,333,000
Total Active 921,981 1,070,586
% Active 74.00% 80.31%
Total Inactive
Total REG 965,211 921,981 1,070,586
% REG 82.57% 74.00% 80.31%
VERMONT (NVRA not yet implemented)
Total VAP 429,000 429,000 445,000
Total Active 373,442 385,328
% Active 87.05% 86.59%
Total Inactive
Total REG 383,371 373,442 385,328
% REG 89.36% 87.05% 86.59%
VIRGINIA
Total VAP 4,855,000 4,967,000 5,083,000
Total Active 3,000,560 3,180,862
% Active 60.41% 62.58%
Total Inactive 140,910
Total REG 3,045,662 3,000,560 3,321,772
% REG 62.73% 60.41% 65.35%
WASHINGTON
Total VAP 3,812,000 4,000,000 4,115,000
Total Active 2,896,519 3,078,128
% Active 72.41% 74.80%
Total Inactive 147,233
Total REG 2,814,680 2,896,519 3,225,361
% REG 73.84% 72.41% 78.38%
WEST VIRGINIA
Total VAP 1,376,000 1,389,000 1,417,000
Total Active 884,315 950,548
% Active 63.67% 67.08%
Total Inactive 20,197
Total REG 956,172 884,315 970,745
% REG 69.49% 63.67% 68.51%
WISCONSIN (exempt from NVRA)
Total VAP 3,675,000 3,777,000 3,824,000
Total Active
% Active
Total Inactive
Total REG
% REG
WYOMING (exempt from NVRA)
Total VAP 329,000 343,000 356,000
Total Active 337,863 240,711
% Active 98.50% 67.62%
Total Inactive
Total REG 234,260 337,863 240,711
% REG 71.20% 98.50% 67.62%
UNITED STATES
Total VAP 189,529,000 193,650,000 196,498,000
Total Active 129,431,244 142,995,856
% Active 66.84% 72.77%
Total Inactive 1,652,436 7,083,794
Total REG 133,812,176 130,979,705 149,829,538
% REG 70.60% 67.64% 76.25%

Sources of Voter Registration Applications 1995-1996

State Number of Applications Percent of Total Apps Number of Duplicates Percent Duplicates Total New Registrations
ALABAMA
Motor Vehicle Offices 90,356 16.12% 10,189 11.28%
By mail 106,199 18.95% 3,635 3.42%
Public Assistance Offices 80,096 14.29% 5,514 6.88%
Disability services 3,202 0.57% 167 5.22%
Armed Forces Offices 4,730 0.84% 334 7.06%
State Designated Sites 17,512 3.12% 746 4.26%
All other sources 258,405 46.10% 11,429 4.42%
TOTAL 560,500 32,014 5.71% 370,298
ALASKA
Motor Vehicle Offices 55,215 32.35% 1,415 2.56%
By mail 21,264 12.46% 1,411 6.64%
Public Assistance Offices 3,673 2.15% 69 1.88%
Disability services 133 0.08% 5 3.76%
Armed Forces Offices 8 0.00% - 0.00%
State Designated Sites 40,668 23.83% 1,907 4.69%
All other sources 49,708 29.13% 8,915 17.93%
TOTAL 170,669 13,722 8.04% 78,589
ARIZONA
Motor Vehicle Offices 81,317 15.52% 4,430 5.45%
By mail 272,550 52.01% 5,667 2.08%
Public Assistance Offices 17,845 3.41% 1,212 6.79%
Disability services 2,662 0.51% 367 13.79%
Armed Forces Offices 7,278 1.39% 1,198 16.46%
State Designated Sites 57,108 10.90% 4,251 7.44%
All other sources 85,282 16.27% 6,598 7.74%
TOTAL 524,042 23,723 4.53% 325,415
ARKANSAS
Motor Vehicle Offices 114,325 40.54% 9,295 8.13%
By mail 52,305 18.55% 522 1.00%
Public Assistance Offices 28,324 10.04% 368 1.30%
Disability services 1,570 0.56% 15 0.96%
Armed Forces Offices 956 0.34% 6 0.63%
State Designated Sites 6,670 2.37% 25 0.37%
All other sources 77,873 27.61% 938 1.20%
TOTAL 282,023 11,169 3.96% 94,574
CALIFORNIA
Motor Vehicle Offices 818,927 14.21% 50,197 6.13%
By mail 2,372,689 41.18% 159,930 6.74%
Public Assistance Offices 129,273 2.24% 6,533 5.05%
Disability services 4,132 0.07% 334 8.08%
Armed Forces Offices 2,094 0.04% 148 7.07%
State Designated Sites 25,219 0.44% 9,356 37.10%
All other sources 2,409,241 41.82% 174,724 7.25%
TOTAL 5,761,575 401,222 6.96% 3,233,214
COLORADO
Motor Vehicle Offices 303,422 54.74% 16,425 5.41%
By mail 52,644 9.50% 4,093 7.77%
Public Assistance Offices 12,255 2.21% 566 4.62%
Disability services 1,460 0.26% 181 12.40%
Armed Forces Offices 2,292 0.41% 388 16.93%
State Designated Sites 3,264 0.59% 222 6.80%
All other sources 179,006 0.00% 3,400 1.90%
TOTAL 554,343 25,275 4.56% 391,579
CONNECTICUT
Motor Vehicle Offices 35,323 10.44% 4,809 13.61%
By mail 97,829 28.93% 3,024 3.09%
Public Assistance Offices 21,061 6.23% 1,451 6.89%
Disability services 221 0.07% 7 3.17%
Armed Forces Offices 919 0.27% 113 12.30%
State Designated Sites 9,843 2.91% 225 2.29%
All other sources 173,007 51.15% 4,638 2.68%
TOTAL 338,203 14,267 4.22% 298,792
DELAWARE
Motor Vehicle Offices 128,626 80.74% 15,435 12.00%
By mail 5,956 3.74% 161 2.70%
Public Assistance Offices 7,889 4.95% 244 3.09%
Disability services 2,135 1.34% 29 1.36%
Armed Forces Offices 917 0.58% 26 2.84%
State Designated Sites 632 0.40% 13 2.06%
All other sources 13,147 8.25% 447 3.40%
TOTAL 159,302 16,355 10.27% 79,692
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
Motor Vehicle Offices 276,653 86.19% 13,913 5.03%
By mail 13,743 4.28% 1,282 9.33%
Public Assistance Offices 14,268 4.45% 677 4.74%
Disability services 129 0.04% 8 6.20%
Armed Forces Offices 387 0.12% - 0.00%
State Designated Sites 15,788 4.92% 606 3.84%
All other sources - 0.00% -
TOTAL 320,968 16,486 5.14% 55,263
FLORIDA
Motor Vehicle Offices 1,202,599 44.16% 17,459 1.45%
By mail 706,163 25.93% 21,814 3.09%
Public Assistance Offices 158,836 5.83% 5,626 3.54%
Disability services 9,396 0.35% 336 3.58%
Armed Forces Offices 4,787 0.18% 103 2.15%
State Designated Sites 56,231 2.06% 1,457 2.59%
All other sources 585,291 21.49% 10,930 1.87%
TOTAL 2,723,303 57,725 2.12% 1,918,351
GEORGIA
Motor Vehicle Offices 772,419 52.57% 21,002 2.72%
By mail 295,283 20.10% 8,246 2.79%
Public Assistance Offices 103,942 7.07% 1,803 1.73%
Disability services 2,046 0.14% 75 3.67%
Armed Forces Offices 231 0.02% 12 5.19%
State Designated Sites 140,762 9.58% 3,168 2.25%
All other sources 154,586 10.52% 4,198 2.72%
TOTAL 1,469,269 38,504 2.62% 871,769
HAWAII
Motor Vehicle Offices 27,370 19.63% 6,596 24.10%
By mail 103,709 74.40% 10,648 10.27%
Public Assistance Offices 1,040 0.75% 50 4.81%
Disability services - 0.00% -
Armed Forces Offices - 0.00% -
State Designated Sites 2,606 1.87% 227 8.71%
All other sources 4,674 3.35% 373 7.98%
TOTAL 139,399 17,894 12.84% 38,381
IDAHO is exempt from the NVRA
ILLINOIS
Motor Vehicle Offices 295,255 33.25% 27,670 9.37%
By mail 94,681 10.66% 6,817 7.20%
Public Assistance Offices 33,837 3.81% 2,726 8.06%
Disability services 26,676 3.00% 2,730 10.23%
Armed Forces Offices 1,706 0.19% 115 6.74%
State Designated Sites 5,068 0.57% 368 7.26%
All other sources 430,651 48.50% 22,842 5.30%
TOTAL 887,874 63,268 7.13% 853,293
INDIANA
Motor Vehicle Offices 287,198 27.10% 27,903 9.72%
By mail 478,351 45.14% 33,637 7.03%
Public Assistance Offices 83,853 7.91% 6,872 8.20%
Disability services 8,388 0.79% 990 11.80%
Armed Forces Offices 2,697 0.25% 397 14.72%
State Designated Sites 55,208 5.21% 5,777 10.46%
All other sources 143,971 13.59% 6,869 4.77%
TOTAL 1,059,666 82,445 7.78% 708,486
IOWA
Motor Vehicle Offices 240,316 32.85% 15,090 6.28%
By mail 142,058 19.42% 3,892 2.74%
Public Assistance Offices 26,345 3.60% 677 2.57%
Disability services 950 0.13% 25 2.63%
Armed Forces Offices 507 0.07% 8 1.58%
State Designated Sites - 0.00% -
All other sources 321,338 43.93% 5,645 1.76%
TOTAL 731,514 25,337 3.46% 299,971
KANSAS
Motor Vehicle Offices 186,604 49.46% 18,084 9.69%
By mail 56,228 14.90% 5,903 10.50%
Public Assistance Offices 8,419 2.23% 760 9.03%
Disability services 1,028 0.27% 38 3.70%
Armed Forces Offices 630 0.17% 31 4.92%
State Designated Sites 11,122 2.95% 1,655 14.88%
All other sources 113,248 30.02% 12,815 11.32%
TOTAL 377,279 39,286 10.41% 1,566,739
KENTUCKY
Motor Vehicle Offices 731,840 48.93% - 0.00%
By mail 50,505 3.38% - 0.00%
Public Assistance Offices 63,477 4.24% - 0.00%
Disability services 4,624 0.31% - 0.00%
Armed Forces Offices 1,061 0.07% - 0.00%
State Designated Sites 23,402 1.56% - 0.00%
All other sources 620,644 41.50% - 0.00%
TOTAL 1,495,553 0.00% 392,278
LOUISIANA
Motor Vehicle Offices 291,805 21.68% 6,908 2.37%
By mail 226,014 16.79% 3,226 1.43%
Public Assistance Offices 74,636 5.55% 1,042 1.40%
Disability services 5,709 0.42% 92 1.61%
Armed Forces Offices 4,826 0.36% 28 0.58%
State Designated Sites 35,605 2.65% 515 1.45%
All other sources 707,204 52.55% 268 0.04%
TOTAL 1,345,799 12,079 0.90% 597,691
MAINE
Motor Vehicle Offices 106,434 39.47% 7,581 7.12%
By mail 46,254 17.15% 0.00%
Public Assistance Offices 16,849 6.25% 0.00%
Disability services 118 0.04% 0.00%
Armed Forces Offices 54 0.02% 0.00%
State Designated Sites 7,538 2.80% 0.00%
All other sources 92,426 34.27% 3,916 4.24%
TOTAL 269,673 11,497 4.26% 159,934
MARYLAND
Motor Vehicle Offices 165,267 34.91% 7,827 4.74%
By mail 222,233 46.94% 6,858 3.09%
Public Assistance Offices 982 0.21% 821 83.60%
Disability services 671 0.14% 9 1.34%
Armed Forces Offices 188 0.04% - 0.00%
State Designated Sites 25,802 5.45% 228 0.88%
All other sources 58,306 12.32% 1,965 3.37%
TOTAL 473,449 17,708 3.74% 477,741
MASSACHUSETTS
Motor Vehicle Offices 96,097 15.50% 3,604 3.75%
By mail 301,088 48.57% 13,810 4.59%
Public Assistance Offices 10,895 1.76% 914 8.39%
Disability services 2,258 0.36% 158 7.00%
Armed Forces Offices 1,043 0.17% 154 14.77%
State Designated Sites 92,910 14.99% 9,328 10.04%
All other sources 115,675 18.66% 10,696 9.25%
TOTAL 619,966 38,664 6.24% 579,393
MICHIGAN
Motor Vehicle Offices 1,211,238 81.10% 177,092 14.62%
By mail 64,717 4.33% 14,937 23.08%
Public Assistance Offices 79,538 5.33% 16,216 20.39%
Disability services 8,371 0.56% 2,191 26.17%
Armed Forces Offices 4,237 0.28% 953 22.49%
State Designated Sites 0.00%
All other sources 125,440 8.40% 19,507 15.55%
TOTAL 1,493,541 230,896 15.46% 1,003,123
MINNESOTA is exempt from the NVRA
MISSISSIPPI
Motor Vehicle Offices 0.00% 4,809
By mail 77,938 29.03% 4,843 6.21%
Public Assistance Offices 33,203 12.37% 5,276 15.89%
Disability services 4,255 1.58% 168 3.95%
Armed Forces Offices 1,097 0.41% 0.00%
State Designated Sites 0.00%
All other sources 151,966 56.61% 3,775 2.48%
TOTAL 268,459 18,871 7.03% 246,530
MISSOURI
Motor Vehicle Offices 409,323 43.67% 11,624 2.84%
By mail 135,076 14.41% 5,562 4.12%
Public Assistance Offices 143,135 15.27% 9,151 6.39%
Disability services 4,507 0.48% 229 5.08%
Armed Forces Offices 1,361 0.15% 55 4.04%
State Designated Sites 15,851 1.69% 515 3.25%
All other sources 227,956 24.32% 6,131 2.69%
TOTAL 937,209 33,267 3.55% 632,014
MONTANA
Motor Vehicle Offices 51,690 57.42% 258 0.50%
By mail 21,553 23.94% 220 1.02%
Public Assistance Offices 473 0.53% 35 7.40%
Disability services 211 0.23% - 0.00%
Armed Forces Offices 232 0.26% - 0.00%
State Designated Sites - 0.00% -
All other sources 15,858 17.62% 265 1.67%
TOTAL 90,017 778 0.86% 152,775
NEBRASKA
Motor Vehicle Offices 125,477 42.64% 8,043 6.41%
By mail 25,784 8.76% 805 3.12%
Public Assistance Offices 9,564 3.25% 435 4.55%
Disability services 1,929 0.66% 67 3.47%
Armed Forces Offices 780 0.27% 29 3.72%
State Designated Sites 204 0.07% 7 3.43%
All other sources 130,544 44.36% 2,339 1.79%
TOTAL 294,282 11,725 3.98% 175,571
NEVADA
Motor Vehicle Offices 150,695 52.08% 6,916 4.59%
By mail 94,025 32.50% 8,711 9.26%
Public Assistance Offices 13,200 4.56% 444 3.36%
Disability services 340 0.12% 15 4.41%
Armed Forces Offices 512 0.18% 9 1.76%
State Designated Sites - 0.00% -
All other sources 30,573 10.57% 1,469 4.80%
TOTAL 289,345 17,564 6.07% 123,403
NEW HAMPSHIRE is exempt from the NVRA
NEW JERSEY
Motor Vehicle Offices 172,607 12.11% 10,432 6.04%
By mail 39,358 2.76% 3,062 7.78%
Public Assistance Offices 54,579 3.83% 1,714 3.14%
Disability services 6,790 0.48% 106 1.56%
Armed Forces Offices 0.00% 476
State Designated Sites 374,686 26.28% 16,970 4.53%
All other sources 777,806 54.55% 7,725 0.99%
TOTAL 1,425,826 40,485 2.84% 779,291
NEW MEXICO
Motor Vehicle Offices 35,650 17.56% 1,030 2.89%
By mail 78,109 38.47% 2,273 2.91%
Public Assistance Offices 16,668 8.21% 481 2.89%
Disability services 543 0.27% 15 2.76%
Armed Forces Offices 170 0.08% - 0.00%
State Designated Sites 6,671 3.29% 192 2.88%
All other sources 65,241 32.13% 1,885 2.89%
TOTAL 203,052 5,876 2.89% 124,149
NEW YORK
Motor Vehicle Offices 699,644 21.36% 76,393 10.92%
By mail 2,020,088 61.68% 0.00%
Public Assistance Offices 358,105 10.93% 38,002 10.61%
Disability services 32,216 0.98% 3,628 11.26%
Armed Forces Offices 892 0.03% 64 7.17%
State Designated Sites 90,292 2.76% 5,237 5.80%
All other sources 73,865 2.26% 0.00%
TOTAL 3,275,102 123,324 3.77% 1,691,827
NORTH CAROLINA
Motor Vehicle Offices 539,287 37.20% 23,615 4.38%
By mail 229,122 15.81% 17,736 7.74%
Public Assistance Offices 74,882 5.17% 4,595 6.14%
Disability services 8,097 0.56% 402 4.96%
Armed Forces Offices 3,496 0.24% 143 4.09%
State Designated Sites 139,477 9.62% 7,574 5.43%
All other sources 455,298 31.41% 40,068 8.80%
TOTAL 1,449,659 94,133 6.49% 937,038
NORTH DAKOTA is exempt from the NVRA
OHIO
Motor Vehicle Offices 528,762 28.34% 33,868 6.41%
By mail 360,675 19.33% 15,845 4.39%
Public Assistance Offices 100,129 5.37% 8,404 8.39%
Disability services 4,041 0.22% 268 6.63%
Armed Forces Offices 2,155 0.12% 114 5.29%
State Designated Sites 240,236 12.87% 9,399 3.91%
All other sources 630,050 33.76% 35,443 5.63%
TOTAL 1,866,048 103,341 5.54% 1,174,146
OKLAHOMA
Motor Vehicle Offices 228,138 41.13% 1,728 0.76%
By mail 124,795 22.50% 751 0.60%
Public Assistance Offices 58,811 10.60% 778 1.32%
Disability services 1,213 0.22% 5 0.41%
Armed Forces Offices 178 0.03% 1 0.56%
State Designated Sites 1,760 0.32% 20 1.14%
All other sources 139,784 25.20% 1,115 0.80%
TOTAL 554,679 4,398 0.79% 369,413
OREGON
Motor Vehicle Offices 199,065 24.80% 1,339 0.67%
By mail 401,234 49.98% 2,211 0.55%
Public Assistance Offices 38,446 4.79% 260 0.68%
Disability services 5,174 0.64% 24 0.46%
Armed Forces Offices - 0.00% 49
State Designated Sites 3,432 0.43% 172 5.01%
All other sources 155,373 19.36% 647 0.42%
TOTAL 802,724 4,702 0.59% 32,224
PENNSYLVANIA
Motor Vehicle Offices 597,625 32.36% 72,217 12.08%
By mail 959,041 51.93% 49,499 5.16%
Public Assistance Offices 59,462 3.22% 2,201 3.70%
Disability services 950 0.05% 44 4.63%
Armed Forces Offices 4,953 0.27% 233 4.70%
State Designated Sites 6,342 0.34% 120 1.89%
All other sources 218,413 11.83% 5,260 2.41%
TOTAL 1,846,786 129,574 7.02% 1,551,718
RHODE ISLAND
Motor Vehicle Offices 31,217 75.90% 0.00%
By mail 5,569 13.54% 0.00%
Public Assistance Offices 3,822 9.29% 0.00%
Disability services 523 1.27% 0.00%
Armed Forces Offices 0.00%
State Designated Sites 0.00%
All other sources 0.00%
TOTAL 41,131 0.00% 63,711
SOUTH CAROLINA
Motor Vehicle Offices 93,881 80.11% 0.00%
By mail 0.00%
Public Assistance Offices 20,615 17.59% 0.00%
Disability services 2,051 1.75% 0.00%
Armed Forces Offices 650 0.55% 0.00%
State Designated Sites 0.00%
All other sources 0.00%
TOTAL 117,197 0.00% 315,187
SOUTH DAKOTA
Motor Vehicle Offices 5,030 5.34% 78 1.55%
By mail 14,993 15.93% 275 1.83%
Public Assistance Offices 13,906 14.78% 809 5.82%
Disability services 648 0.69% 20 3.09%
Armed Forces Offices 2,022 2.15% 431 21.32%
State Designated Sites 3,582 3.81% 40 1.12%
All other sources 53,936 57.31% 891 1.65%
TOTAL 94,117 2,544 2.70% 60,236
TENNESSEE
Motor Vehicle Offices 186,563 24.04% 7,088 3.80%
By mail 222,871 28.71% 6,766 3.04%
Public Assistance Offices 147,830 19.05% 7,749 5.24%
Disability services 0.00%
Armed Forces Offices 4,568 0.59% 172 3.77%
State Designated Sites 28,126 3.62% 633 2.25%
All other sources 186,198 23.99% 4,676 2.51%
TOTAL 776,156 27,084 3.49% 587,585
TEXAS
Motor Vehicle Offices 1,494,846 44.75% 137,522 9.20%
By mail 1,050,413 31.44% 58,334 5.55%
Public Assistance Offices 353,550 10.58% 25,411 7.19%
Disability services 7,690 0.23% 667 8.67%
Armed Forces Offices 5,991 0.18% 430 7.18%
State Designated Sites 129,066 3.86% 5,832 4.52%
All other sources 299,031 8.95% 23,056 7.71%
TOTAL 3,340,587 251,252 7.52% 2,183,743
UTAH
Motor Vehicle Offices 84,743 25.67% 6,416 7.57%
By mail 93,404 28.29% 1,973 2.11%
Public Assistance Offices 24,913 7.55% 907 3.64%
Disability services 754 0.23% 61 8.09%
Armed Forces Offices 2,165 0.66% 222 10.25%
State Designated Sites 47,229 14.30% 625 1.32%
All other sources 76,961 23.31% 1,908 2.48%
TOTAL 330,169 12,112 3.67% 199,601
VERMONT has not yet implemented the NVRA
VIRGINIA
Motor Vehicle Offices 181,128 27.25% 5,958 3.29%
By mail 228,418 34.36% 2,350 1.03%
Public Assistance Offices 54,051 8.13% 784 1.45%
Disability services 2,428 0.37% 3 0.12%
Armed Forces Offices 906 0.14% 7 0.77%
State Designated Sites 775 0.12% 23 2.97%
All other sources 197,048 29.64% 32,723 16.61%
TOTAL 664,754 41,848 6.30% 759,712
WASHINGTON
Motor Vehicle Offices 350,304 39.64% 20,097 5.74%
By mail 330,403 37.39% 15,230 4.61%
Public Assistance Offices 22,859 2.59% 866 3.79%
Disability services 5,360 0.61% 217 4.05%
Armed Forces Offices 2,292 0.26% 145 6.33%
State Designated Sites 7,313 0.83% 2,982 40.78%
All other sources 165,191 18.69% 0.00%
TOTAL 883,722 39,537 4.47% 844,185
WEST VIRGINIA
Motor Vehicle Offices 37,952 26.45% 0.00%
By mail 34,683 24.17% 0.00%
Public Assistance Offices 23,212 16.18% 0.00%
Disability services 2,416 1.68% 0.00%
Armed Forces Offices 40 0.03% 0.00%
State Designated Sites 4,475 3.12% 0.00%
All other sources 40,719 28.38% 0.00%
TOTAL 143,497 2,457 86,430
WISCONSIN is exempt from the NVRA
WYOMING is exempt from the NVRA
UNITED STATES
Motor Vehicle Offices 13,722,233 33.10% 892,355 6.50%
By mail 12,330,015 29.74% 505,959 4.10%
Public Assistance Offices 2,602,748 6.28% 162,443 6.24%
Disability services 178,015 0.43% 13,696 7.69%
Armed Forces Offices 76,008 0.18% 6,594 8.68%
State Designated Sites 1,732,475 4.18% 90,415 5.22%
All other sources 10,810,934 26.08% 480,489 4.44%
TOTAL 41,452,428 2,154,408 5.20% 27,485,055

Deletions from Voter Registration Lists 1995-1996

State Number of Confirmation Notices Sent Number of Responses Received Percent Number Deleted from Active List Number Deleted from Inactive List Total Number Deleted
ALABAMA - - - -
ALASKA - - - -
ARIZONA 1,795,579 60,785 3.39% 97,610 68,363 209,094
ARKANSAS - - - - -
CALIFORNIA 1,055,150 340,176 32.24% 1,420,397
COLORADO 166,576 31,537 18.93% 52,523 25,897 78,420
CONNECTICUT 163,359 49,615 30.37% 138,584 33,139 201,324
DELAWARE 4,317 338 7.83% 1,213 338 1,551
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA 35,330 4,425 12.52% 23,288 69,603 92,891
FLORIDA 726,050 96,531 13.30% 563,160 46,369 609,529
GEORGIA - - 82,443 - 82,443
HAWAII 603,244 38,953 6.46% - - -
IDAHO is exempt from the NVRA
ILLINOIS 446,870 64,821 14.51% 505,504 50,350 555,850
INDIANA 204,105 42,414 20.78% 143,211 143,211
IOWA 157,614 11,989 7.61% 155,114 9,642 164,756
KANSAS 25,512 6,065 23.77% 25,742 25,742
KENTUCKY 4,896 146 2.98% 54,810 54,810
LOUISIANA 398,208 31,441 7.90% 31,441
MAINE 29,247 9,670 33.06% 78,998 78,998
MARYLAND 258,075 19,689 7.63% 199,688 16,575 216,263
MASSACHUSETTS 405,112 58,639 14.47% 237,813
MICHIGAN 117,690 40,869 34.73% 446,064 446,064
MINNESOTA is exempt from the NVRA
MISSISSIPPI 82,963 27,800 33.51% 145,276 145,276
MISSOURI 333,036 212,351 63.76% 200,108 32,701 232,809
MONTANA - - 76,075 76,075
NEBRASKA 87,395 43,004 49.21% 77,178 77,178
NEVADA 70,032 11,924 17.03% 88,764 1,591 98,968
NEW HAMPSHIRE is exempt from the NVRA
NEW JERSEY 287,339 125,231 43.58% 218,574
NEW MEXICO 89,670 33,602 37.47% 51,113
NEW YORK 609,963 106,998 17.54% 453,379 31,427 484,806
NORTH CAROLINA 90,772 7,350 8.10% 226,624 226,624
NORTH DAKOTA is exempt from the NVRA
OHIO 831,461 225,398 27.11% 369,402 369,402
OKLAHOMA - - 91,030 337,398 428,428
OREGON 162,232 21,838 13.46% 142,785 15,534 158,319
PENNSYLVANIA 162,199 69,497 42.85% 209,980 9,299 219,279
RHODE ISLAND 668 - 0.00% 13,657
SOUTH CAROLINA - - - - -
SOUTH DAKOTA 22,222 3,334 15.00% 22,776 1,279 24,055
TENNESSEE 141,319 36,019 25.49% 185,734 7,682 193,416
TEXAS 1,131,769 155,589 13.75% 329,232
UTAH 18,742 13,116 69.98% 51,216
VERMONT
VIRGINIA 283,111 118,620 41.90% 407,393
WASHINGTON 410,158 83,966 20.47% 247,475 13,837 261,312
WEST VIRGINIA 57,963 0.00% 5,572 5,572
WISCONSIN is exempt from the NVRA
WYOMING is exempt from the NVRA
UNITED STATES 11,469,948 2,203,740 19.21% 5,110,110 771,024 8,723,301

Completeness of Numerical Data Reporting in 1996

ALABAMA Data are complete
ALASKA Data are complete
ARIZONA Data on intake agencies, confirmation notices, and deletions from the list are incomplete because various items were not reported by Apache, Cochise, Greenlee, La Paz, Maricopa, Mohave, Santa Cruz, and Yavapai Counties.
ARKANSAS Data on duplicates are incomplete because three counties failed to track duplicates by point of origin.
CALIFORNIA Data are incomplete because four (primarily small) counties were unable to track and report intakes, duplicates, confirmation notices, or deletions.
COLORADO Data on intake agencies incomplete because not all of the counties report monthly, and one has never reported.
CONNECTICUT Data on confirmation notices and deletions are incomplete because of the failure of approximately 20% of the municipalities to report on these items.
DELAWARE Data are complete
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA Data are complete.
FLORIDA Data are complete.
GEORGIA Data are complete.
HAWAII Data are complete except for intakes from disability and armed forces agencies. The first maintain this information on an agency basis. The second employ a national form that is not tracked by the State.
IDAHO is exempt from the NVRA.
ILLINOIS Data are complete except on deletions because twelve smaller jurisdictions kept no record of them.
INDIANA Data are 99% complete -- missing only a few monthly reports from small counties.
IOWA Data on intake agencies are incomplete because some counties failed to submit monthly reports from Jan 95 through Feb 96.
KANSAS Some data are incomplete owing to delayed implementation of parts of the NVRA (See Appendix A)
KENTUCKY Data are complete.
LOUISIANA Data are complete.
MAINE Data on intake agencies are incomplete for lack of a system to enable local registrars to identify dupes by agency type except for motor vehicle offices. Other data are incomplete for lack of about two dozen towns to report figures.
MARYLAND Data are complete.
MASSACHUSETTS Data incomplete because 74 of 351 local jurisdictions failed to provide data.
MICHIGAN Data incomplete because 275 of 1515 local jurisdictions failed to provide data.
MINNESOTA is exempt from the NVRA.
MISSISSIPPI Data imcomplete because 9 of 82 counties failed to provide data and Department of Public Safety did not provide data onthe number of motor vehicle applications
MISSOURI Some deletions are based on local estimates.
MONTANA Data are incomplete because 17 of 56 counties failed to provide data.
NEBRASKA For the first six months of implementation, mail registrations were included in the "other" category.
NEVADA Some counties were not able to compile the data.
NEW HAMPSHIRE is exempt from the NVRA.
NEW JERSEY Data complete except for armed forces whose form, not clearly identifiable, was often included in "other."
NEW MEXICO Data complete.
NEW YORK Data complete
NORTH CAROLINA Data complete
NORTH DAKOTA is exempt from the NVRA.
OHIO Data complete
OKLAHOMA Data complete
OREGON Data on armed forces not collected because of parallel data collection by the Department of Defense.
PENNSYLVANIA A small number of counties did not report all requested data. Public assistance agencies also includes some disability numbers since they were not always recorded separately.
RHODE ISLAND Data on intake agencies date from Jan 96 when reporting began. The other data date from Mar 96 when rreporting began
SOUTH CAROLINA Data are complete.
SOUTH DAKOTA Data are incomplete because 3 of 66 counties failed to provide data. In addition, some counties did not collect data on duplicates.
TENNESSEE Data are complete.
TEXAS Data are incomplete because 5 of 254 counties failed to provide data.
UTAH Data are complete dating from Jan 95.
VERMONT Not reported (has not yet implemented the NVRA).
VIRGINIA Many of the data on intake agencies are based on local estimates or imperfect records (hence the large number listed in "other."
WASHINGTON Data are complete.
WEST VIRGINIA Data on duplicates was not collected by agency. Data on mail registrations reflects those received locally in 1996 only plus those received by the Secretary of State in 1995 and 1996.
WISCONSIN is exempt from the NVRA.
WYOMING is exempt from the NVRA.

Dates of Implementing the Provisions of the National Voter Registration Act

State Date Motor Voter Registration Was Adopted Date Mail Registration Was Adopted Date Agency Registration Was Adopted Date Fail Safe Voting Was Adopted Date List Maintenance Provisions Were Adopted Date of Last Purge Before Implementing the NVRA Was the Purge Uniform Throughout the State
ALABAMA Jan-95 Jan-95 Jan-95 Had before NVRA Jan-97 Varied by County Only some Counties
ALASKA Had Before NVRA Had Before NVRA Had Before NVRA Had Before NVRA Not Implemented 1993 Statewide
ARIZONA Had Before NVRA Had Before NVRA Jan-95 Feb-96 Jan-95 1988 Statewide
ARKANSAS Jan-96 Jan-96 Jan-96 Jan-96 Jan-96 Local Option Local Option
CALIFORNIA NO RESPONSE NO RESPONSE NO RESPONSE NO RESPONSE NO RESPONSE NO RESPONSE NO RESPONSE
COLORADO 1994 1994 1994 Had Before NVRA 1995 1994 Statewide
CONNECTICUT Jan-94 Had Before NVRA Jan-95 Had Before NVRA Before Jan 95 Apr-Oct 1994 Statewide
DELAWARE Had Before NVRA Had Before NVRA Had Before NVRA Nov-95 Apr-96 1993 Statewide
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA Had Before NVRA Had Before NVRA Jan-95 Jan-95 Jan-95 1989 Statewide
FLORIDA Jan-95 Jan-95 Jan-95 Jan-95 Jan-95 1993 Statewide
GEORGIA Jan-95 Jan-95 Jan-95 Jan-95 Confirmation Notices Not Yet Implemented Apr-93 Statewide
HAWAII Had Before NVRA Had Before NVRA 1993 Had Before NVRA 1995 1994 Statewide
IDAHO is exempt from the NVRA
ILLINOIS Had Before NVRA Aug-95 Had Before NVRA Had Before NVRA Jan-95 Summer thru Autumn 1994 Majority of Counties
INDIANA Jan-95 Jan-95 Jan-95 Had Before NVRA Jan-95 Jun-94 Statewide
IOWA Had Before NVRA Had Before NVRA Had Before NVRA Had Before NVRA Jan-95 Nov-Dec 94 Statewide
KANSAS Had Before NVRA Had Before NVRA Jan-95 Had Before NVRA Apr-96 1994 Statewide
KENTUCKY Jan-95 Had Before NVRA Jan-95 May-95 Jan-95 1994 Statewide
LOUISIANA Had Before NVRA Apr-95 UNK UNK Apr-95 Nov-94 Statewide
MAINE Had Before NVRA Had Before NVRA Jan-95 Had Before NVRA Jun-95 None N/A
MARYLAND Had Before NVRA Had Before NVRA Had Before NVRA UNK Jan-95 1994 Statewide
MASSACHUSETTS Jan-95 Jul-94 Jan-95 Had Before NVRA Had Before NVRA Jun-94 Statewide
MICHIGAN Had Before NVRA Jan-95 Feb-96 Had Before NVRA Jan-95 Dec-94 Statewide
MINNESOTA is exempt from the NVRA
MISSISSIPPI Had Before NVRA Had Before NVRA Jan-95 Had Before NVRA Jan-95 Varies by County Local Option
MISSOURI Jan-95 Had Before NVRA Jan-95 Apr-95 Jan-95 Between 1991 and 1994 Varies by County
MONTANA Had Before NVRA Had Before NVRA Not Yet Implemented Not Yet Implemented Not Yet Implemented 1996 Statewide
NEBRASKA Jan-95 Had Before NVRA Jan-95 Had Before NVRA Jan-95 None N/A
NEVADA Had Before NVRA Had Before NVRA Had Before NVRA 1995 1995 Dec-94 Most Counties
NEW HAMPSHIRE is exempt from the NVRA
NEW JERSEY Had Before NVRA Had Before NVRA Jan-95 Jan-95 Jan-95 Dec-94 Statewide
NEW MEXICO Had Before NVRA Had Before NVRA Jan-95 Had Before NVRA Jan-95 Mar-93 Statewide
NEW YORK Had Before NVRA Had Before NVRA Had Before NVRA Had Before NVRA Jan-95 1994 Statewide
NORTH CAROLINA Had Before NVRA Had Before NVRA Jan-95 Jan-95 1997 1993 Statewide
NORTH DAKOTA is exempt from the NVRA
OHIO Had Before NVRA Had Before NVRA Had Before NVRA Had Before NVRA Jan-95 1994 Statewide
OKLAHOMA Jan-95 Had Before NVRA Jan-95 Had Before NVRA Jan-95 Dec-94 Statewide
OREGON Had Before NVRA Had Before NVRA Jan-95 Mar-95 Jan-95 Varies by County Varies by County
PENNSYLVANIA May-95 Had Before NVRA Had Before NVRA Nov-95 Jun-95 1994 Varied by County
RHODE ISLAND Had Before NVRA 1995 Nov-95 Had Before NVRA Jan-95 1985 Statewide
SOUTH CAROLINA Mar-96 Had Before NVRA Mar-96 Apr-96 Jun-96 Jan-96 Statewide
SOUTH DAKOTA Jan-95 Jan-95 Jan-95 Had Before NVRA Jan-95 1993/1994 Statewide
TENNESSEE Had Before NVRA Had Before NVRA 1995 1995 1994 1994 Statewide
TEXAS Had Before NVRA Had Before NVRA Jan-95 Had Before NVRA Jan-95 Aug-94 Statewide
UTAH Jan-95 Had Before NVRA Jan-95 Jun-96 Jan-95 Nov-Dec 94 Most Counties
VERMONT Not Yet Implemented Not Yet Implemented Not Yet Implemented Not Yet Implemented Not Yet Implemented UNK UNK
VIRGINIA Mar-96 Mar-96 Mar-96 Had Before NVRA Jul-96 Dec-95 Statewide
WASHINGTON Had Before NVRA Had Before NVRA Jan-95 Had Before NVRA Jan-95 Dec-94 Statewide
WEST VIRGINIA Had Before NVRA Had Before NVRA Jan-95 1995 Jan-95 1994 Statewide
WISCONSIN is exempt from the NVRA
WYOMING is exempt from the NVRA