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Party 441a(d) spending limits: What they are and how they work

September 11, 2006

National and state party committees are entitled to make special expenditures on behalf of their general election nominees. These expenditures, called "coordinated party expenditures" or "441a(d) expenditures" are reported only by the party committees but may be coordinated with the campaign. The limits may be lifted altogether in those situations where the millionaires' amendment is invoked (special filings by the party and the candidate are required in those cases). You can find the limits for 2006, along with a brief explanation of how they work, in the Supplement to the Campaign Guide for Political Party Committees. (Editor's note: For the current guidance, please visit our web page on Coordinated party expenditures. The current year's limits, along with an archive of past years are at