An individual running for a seat in the House or Senate becomes a candidate when he or she raises or spends more than $5,000 in contributions or expenditures. Congressional candidates must register using a Statement of Candidacy (Form 2) within 15 days after becoming a candidate. A candidate, including an incumbent, must file a new Statement of Candidacy for each election cycle in which he or she is a candidate.
Reporting on candidate forms
House and Senate candidates register using the Statement of Candidacy, Form 2.
On Line 1, enter the name and mailing address of the candidate.
On Line 2, enter the candidate’s identification number. Candidates should leave this field blank it they:
- Have never run before
- Are running in a different district
- Seek a different federal office
The FEC will assign a candidate identification number upon receipt of Form 2. Candidates who are seeking reelection and candidates who have terminated a previous candidacy but are now running again for the same seat, should use their original identification number.
On Line 3, check “New” if you are filing Form 2 for the first time for this particular office for this election cycle. Otherwise, check “Amended.”
On Lines 4-6, enter the candidate’s party affiliation, office sought, state and district, if applicable.
On Line 7, enter the candidate’s year of election and information about the candidate’s principal campaign committee. Each candidate for federal office (other than a nominee for the office of Vice President) must designate in writing a political committee to serve as his or her principal campaign committee. The name of the principal campaign committee must include the name of the candidate. Include the full name and street address of the candidate’s principal campaign committee on Line 7. Please note that if the candidate designates a new principal campaign committee, the committee must file a Statement of Organization within 10 days of filing the Form 2.
On Line 8, a candidate may designate additional political committees to accept contributions or make expenditures on his or her behalf—this includes joint fundraising representatives. The name of any committee authorized by the candidate must include the name of the candidate. Include the full name and address of any authorized committees on Line 8.
The candidate must sign and date the Statement of Candidacy at the bottom of the page.
Amending the Statement of Candidacy
A candidate must report any change or correction of information contained in the Statement of Candidacy within 10 days after the change. A candidate may have to file an amendment, for example, to report changes to the candidate’s office sought, state, district, or party affiliation. If a candidate authorizes additional political committees to accept contributions or make expenditures of his or her behalf, such as authorizing a joint fundraising committee, then the candidate must file an amended Form 2 within 10 days to update the information.
When a candidate amends information on the Statement of Candidacy, these changes must also be reflected on an amended Form 1.
Reporting with FECFile
To create a new Statement of Candidacy, go to the Reports tab, right click and select ”new.” Then select “Form 2 (Statement of Candidacy).”
To amend a Statement of Candidacy, go to the Reports tab, click on the existing Statement of Candidacy in the list, right click on the report and select “amend.”