skip navigation
Here's how you know US flag signifying that this is a United States Federal Government website

An official website of the United States government

Here's how you know

Dot gov

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

SSL

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you've safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

How to report

Paying for an IE first and disseminating in a later reporting period

A party committee can pay for an independent expenditure and then disseminate the IE in a later reporting period. The committee has two options for reporting this activity, in addition to filing any 24 or 48-hour reports that may be required.

Reporting on party forms

Party committees report independent expenditures on Form 3X, Schedule E supporting Line 24. The committee itemizes any independent expenditure that exceeds the $200 itemization threshold, or that, when aggregated on a per-election and per-office sought basis within the calendar year, exceeds $200. This includes independent expenditures that were previously disclosed on 24 and 48-hour reports using Schedule E.

Option 1: Report the initial expenditure as an operating expenditure

On the report covering the payment:

Report the independent expenditure as a disbursement on Schedule B, supporting Line 21(b) in the report during which the payment is made.

Party committee itemization of disbursement on Form 3X Schedule B

The party committee reports spending $13,000.00 on a TV advertisement on Schedule B, Line 21(b) of the 2018 April Monthly Report (covering 3/1/2018 – 3/31/2018). It includes the vendor's name, address, date of disbursement, and amount spent. The committee also includes a clear purpose of disbursement, "Pre-payment for television ad."

On the report covering the dissemination:

Report the independent expenditure and its date of dissemination on Schedule E, supporting Line 24, in the report during which the independent expenditure is disseminated.

To itemize an independent expenditure, the committee discloses:

  • Name and address of payee if the payment or disbursement exceeds the $200 aggregate threshold for itemization
  • Date of dissemination
  • Amount
  • Purpose of the expenditure (e.g. radio, television, newspaper ad)
  • Candidate supported or opposed, including the candidate’s name, office sought, state and district (if applicable), and election for which the disbursement was made
  • Aggregate amount during the calendar year per election, per office sought
Party committee itemization of independent expenditure on Form 3X Schedule E (Date of Distribution/Dissemination)

The party committee disseminated an independent expenditure supporting Elizabeth Monroe on 4/12/2018. The party committee reports this activity on Schedule E of the 2018 May Monthly Report (covering 4/1/2018 – 4/30/2018). The party committee discloses the payee’s name and address, the date of dissemination, the amount of the independent expenditure, the aggregate for this election and race in this calendar year, and a clear purpose, “Television advertisement - see Schedule B.” The party committee also includes that the independent expenditure was made to support Elizabeth Monroe in the 2018 primary election for Virginia’s Senate seat.

The party committee also itemizes the previous expenditure on Schedule B, supporting Line 21(b). The amount will be a negative entry to prevent deflating the committee’s cash-on-hand since the entry has been moved to Schedule E, supporting Line 24.

Party committee itemization of a negative disbursement Form 3X Schedule B

The party committee discloses the independent expenditure as a negative entry on Schedule B, supporting Line 21(b). It includes the vendor’s name and address, date, amount spent as a negative entry, and a purpose of disbursement linking the negative entry to the independent expenditure disclosed on Schedule E, “TV ad (IE paid 3/2/2018, see Schedule E).”

Option 2: Report the initial expenditure as an independent expenditure

As an alternative, party committee can report the independent expenditure on Schedule E in the report during which the payment is made. There is no further reporting obligation except for any required 24/48-Hour Reports when dissemination occurs.

Party committee itemization of independent expenditure on Form 3X Schedule E (Date of Disbursement or Obligation)

The party committee paid for an independent expenditure supporting Elizabeth Monroe on 3/2/2018. The party committee reports the independent expenditure on the 2018 April Monthly Report (covering 3/1/2018 - 3/31/2018) using Schedule E. The party committee discloses the payee’s name and address, the payment date since that is the only known date, the amount of the independent expenditure, the aggregate for this race in this calendar year, and a clear purpose, “Pre-payment for television advertisement.” The party committee also includes that the independent expenditure was made to support Elizabeth Monroe in the 2018 primary election for Virginia’s Senate seat.

Certification

Schedule E requires a certification, under penalty of perjury, that the expenditure meets the standards for independence.

Reporting with FECFile

To add operating expenditures to a report, go to the Summary Page tab, right click on “Line 21(b) Other federal operating expenditures” and select “new.”

To add independent expenditures to a report, go to the Summary Page tab, right click on “Line 24 Independent expenditures” and select “new.”