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Candidate master file description

The candidate master file contains basic information for each candidate, including:

  • Candidates who have filed a Statement of Candidacy (Form 2) for the upcoming election

  • Candidates who have active campaign committees without regard to election year

  • Candidates who are referenced as a part of a draft committee or a nonconnected committee that registers as supporting or opposing a particular candidate

The file shows the candidate's identification number, candidate’s name, party affiliation, election year, office state, office sought, district, incumbent/challenger status, status as a candidate, name of the candidate’s principal campaign committee, and address. The end-of-line (EOL) marker is line feed '\n' (LF, 0x0A, 10 in decimal).

Candidate master file format

Column nameField namePositionNullData typeDescriptionExample data
CAND_IDCandidate identification1NVARCHAR2(9) A 9-character alpha-numeric code assigned to a candidate by the Federal Election Commission. The candidate ID for a specific candidate remains the same across election cycles as long as the candidate is running for the same office.H8VA01233
CAND_NAMECandidate name2YVARCHAR2(200)Martha Washington
CAND_PTY_AFFILIATIONParty affiliation3YVARCHAR2(3) The political party affiliation reported by the candidateNON
CAND_ELECTION_YRYear of election4YNumber(4)Candidate's election year from a Statement of Candidacy or state ballot list2018
CAND_OFFICE_STCandidate state5YVARCHAR2(2) House = state of race
President = US
Senate = state of race
VA
CAND_OFFICECandidate office6YVARCHAR2(1) H = House
P = President
S = Senate
H
CAND_OFFICE_DISTRICTCandidate district7YVARCHAR2(2) Congressional district number
Congressional at-large 00
Senate 00
Presidential 00
01
CAND_ICIIncumbent challenger status8YVARCHAR2(1) C = Challenger
I = Incumbent
O = Open Seat is used to indicate an open seat; Open seats are defined as seats where the incumbent never sought re-election.
I
CAND_STATUSCandidate status9YVARCHAR2(1)C = Statutory candidate
F = Statutory candidate for future election
N = Not yet a statutory candidate
P = Statutory candidate in prior cycle
C
CAND_PCCPrincipal campaign committee10YVARCHAR2(9) The ID assigned by the Federal Election Commission to the candidate's principal campaign committee for a given election cycle. C00100005
CAND_ST1 Mailing address - street11Y VARCHAR2(34)Mailing address - street1001 George Washington Hwy
CAND_ST2Mailing address - street212YVARCHAR2(34)Mailing address - street2Suite 100
CAND_CITYMailing address - city13YVARCHAR2(30)Mailing address - cityAlexandria
CAND_STMailing address - state 14YVARCHAR2(2)Mailing address - stateVA
CAND_ZIPMailing address - ZIP code15YVARCHAR2(9)Mailing address - ZIP code22201