Appendix 1
Public Funding Chronology


1975

January

1 - The 1974 amendments to the Federal Election Campaign Act become effective.

2 - Bill of complaint filed by Senator James Buckley et al in U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia requesting that the Act be declared unconstitutional and its administration and enforcement be enjoined.

24 - U.S. District Court Judge Howard F. Corcoran certifies the case, Buckley v. Valeo, to the Circuit Court.

July

15 - Commission issues AO 1975-1: Corporations may not contribute to national party convention except under limited circumstances.

August

11 - Commission publishes interim guidelines on recordkeeping requirements for certification of primary matching funds.

15 - Court of Appeals renders its decision on Buckley v. Valeo. With one exception (2 U.S.C. Sec.437a), the Court upheld the substantive provisions of the Act with respect to contributions, expenditures and disclosure. The Court also sustained the constitutionality of the Commission.

September

3 - Commission publishes interim guidelines on disbursement procedures for public financing.

9 - Commission publishes interim guidelines on primary matching funds.

16 - Commission issues AO 1975-11: Dual candidacy regulations applied to Senatorial/Presidential candidate.

19 - The plaintiffs-appellants in Buckley file their brief before the Supreme Court in which they request that the Court reverse the decision of the Court of Appeals.

October

9 - Commission issues interim guidelines on primary matching funds.

24 - Commission issues AO 1975-47: Enumerates purposes for which national convention host committees may make expenditures and sets forth application of convention spending limitations to such expenditures.

November

4 - Public hearings begin on public funding regulations.

28 - Commission issues AO 1975-12: Application of Act to delegate selection process.

December

3 - Public hearings held on regulations governing public financing of conventions.

16 - Commission votes to notify plaintiffs in Buckley of its intent to certify to the Secretary of the Treasury the eligibility of certain Presidential candidates to receive primary matching funds on December 23, 1975.

17 - Chief Justice of Supreme Court receives application to enjoin appellees in Buckley from making the certifications for the payment of matching funds.

18 - Commission approves regulations governing Presidential primary matching funds.

22 - Supreme Court declares that, there being no majority to grant the application for an injunction, the application is denied. (See 12/17 above.)

23 - Birch Bayh, Lloyd Bentsen, Jimmy Carter, Gerald Ford, Fred Harris, Henry Jackson, Ronald Reagan, Terry Sanford, Sargent Shriver, Morris Udall and George Wallace establish eligibility to receive primary matching funds.

- Commission makes first certification to Secretary of Treasury that candidates for President and the Democratic and Republican national committees are eligible to receive public financing.

1976

January

1 - FEC meets statutory deadline for initial certification of candidates eligible for primary matching funds, and certification of national parties for convention financing. Eleven candidates certified prior to deadline.

8 - Commission approves regulations governing public financing of Presidential nominating conventions.

12 - Commission issues AO 1975-33: Presidential campaign's allocation of fundraising costs to states.

29 - Milton Shapp establishes eligibility to receive primary matching funds. (See 5/12/77.)

30 - Supreme Court renders its decision in Buckley v. Valeo, affirming in part and reversing in part the decision of the Court of Appeals. The public funding provisions are found to be constitutional, but the Commission's authority to certify funds is negated. (424 U.S. 1 (1976).)

February

25 - Ellen McCormack establishes eligibility to receive primary matching funds.

26 - Frank Church establishes eligibility to receive primary matching funds.

March

22 - Last FEC certification of matching funds pending Congressional action reconstituting the Commission in accordance with the Supreme Court decision in Buckley.

24 - Senate passes legislation re-establishing the Commission.

May

11 - Federal Election Campaign Act Amendments of 1976 (P.L. No. 94-283) signed by President Ford.

21 - First certification of Presidential matching funds following reconstitution of Commission.

June

8 - Public hearing held on regulations governing convention financing and Presidential primary matching funds.

17 - Edmund G. Brown, Jr., last of 1976 Presidential candidates, establishes eligibility to receive primary matching funds.

25 - General election funding regulations published in Federal Register. (41 FR 26397.)

July

20 - Commission certifies $21.82 million in public funds for the general election campaign of Democratic Presidential nominee Jimmy Carter and his running mate Walter Mondale.

August

24 - Commission certifies $21.82 million in public funds for the general election campaign of Republican Presidential nominee Gerald Ford and his running mate Robert Dole.

27 - Commission issues Re: AOR 1976-54: Expenses incurred after termination of Presidential candidacy may not be paid with matching funds.

September

21 - Commission issues first in FEC Disclosure Series: Presidential Pre-Nomination Receipts and Expenditures, 1976 Campaign.

October

14 - FEC releases final audit report on Sanford for President Committee, the first statutory audit completed of Presidential committees receiving public matching funds.

18 - Amendments to matching fund regulations published in Federal Register. (41 FR 45952.)

22 - Commission makes available for public inspection computer printout summarizing contributions to the Ford and Carter primary campaigns.

1977

February

3 - FEC adopts amendment to proposed matching fund regulation Sec.134.2(c)(2).

March

7 - S.926 introduced in Senate, providing for public financing of Senatorial elections.

18 - Democratic and Republican National Committees return to the U.S. Treasury over one-half million dollars in surplus public funds.

20 - President Carter presents election reform package to Congress. Included in the package is a bill to provide public financing of Congressional elections.

April

7 - Commission approves procedures for conducting audits.

May

6 - FEC testifies before the Senate Rules and Administration Committee on public financing of Congressional elections.

12 - FEC finds that Governor Milton Shapp failed to qualify for matching funds he had received. Commission orders full repayment.

June

5 - Report on 1976 Presidential Campaign Receipts and Expenditures published.

July

12 - FEC testifies before the House Administration Committee on Congressional public financing.

18 - Commission releases final audit report on Church for President Committee.

August

3 - The Senate approves S.926, the "Federal Election Campaign Act Amendments of 1977."

24 - Commission releases final audit report on Pro-Life Action Committee - McCormack.

29 - Commission releases final audit report on Bentsen in '76 Committee.

September

12 - FEC holds hearings on sponsorship and financing of public debates between candidates.

28 - Commission releases final audit report on Brown for President Committee.

December

20 - Commission releases final audit reports on Citizens Committee for the Democratic National Convention and the 1976 Democratic National Convention Committee.

1978

January

25 - Commission releases final audit report on Jackson for President Committee.

March

20 - Commission releases final audit report on Shapp for President Committee.

24 - Commission releases final audit report on President Ford Committee (General).

30 - Commission releases final audit report on President Ford Committee (Primary).

April

3 - Commission holds repayment hearings in which 1976 Presidential candidate George C. Wallace appeals Commission determination that he repay certain federal matching funds to the U.S. Treasury.

7 - FEC issues Federal Register notice requesting comments on six areas of proposed regulations concerning public financing.

13 - Commission releases final audit report on Citizens for Reagan Committee.

May

31 - FEC publishes Federal Register notice requesting comment on the Commission's regulations governing the public financing of Presidential elections. (43 FR 23587.)

June

8 - FEC approves its Rules of Procedure of the Federal Election Commission.

16 - Commission releases final audit report on Committee for Birch Bayh in '76.

20 - FEC holds public hearing on suggested revisions to Commission procedures and regulations governing the public financing of Presidential elections.

July

10 - Commission releases final audit report on Arrangements Committee of Republican National Committee for 1976 Republican National Convention and Missouri Republican Host Committee, Inc.

1979

February

16 - Commission submits to Congress proposed revisions to regulations governing the Presidential Primary Matching Payments Account.

March

15 - Commission testifies before the House Administration Committee on H.R. 1, a proposed bill providing public financing for general election campaigns for the House of Representatives.

April

2 - Commission releases final audit report on Committee for Jimmy Carter (Primary).

26 - Commission modifies procedures for reviewing audit reports.

May

3 - Commission approves new data entry procedures for the 1980 Presidential elections.

- Commission prescribes Guideline for Presentation in Good Order, a format for submitting matching fund requests.

7 - Commission formally prescribes new regulations governing the administration of the Presidential Primary Matching Payments Account. (44 FR 26733.)

17 - Commission adopts new procedures for the release of the remaining audits of 1976 Presidential candidates in the primary and general elections.

June

4 - Commission releases final audit report on 1976 Democratic Presidential Campaign Committee.

7 - Commission authorizes review of FEC audit procedures and practices by Arthur Andersen and Company in conjunction with Accountants for the Public Interest (API).

14 - Commission engages accounting firm of Ernst & Whinney to refine aggregation sampling techniques for verifying matching fund requests.

18 - Commission releases final audit report on Udall '76 Committee.

21 - Commission releases final audit reports on Harris for President Committee and Shriver for President Committee.

28 - Commission adopts procedures for certification of pubic funds for national party committee nominating conventions.

- Commission certifies to the U.S. Treasury an initial payment of $750,000 for the Republican National Committee's 1980 national nominating convention.

July

13 - Commission testifies before the Senate Rules Committee on revisions to the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971, as amended.

19 - Commission issues AO 1979-34: Public funding payments for new party candidate.

August

16 - Commission certifies to the U.S. Treasury an initial payment of $300,000 for the Democratic National Committee's 1980 national nominating convention.

23 - U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia upholds the Commission's action in denying primary matching fund payments to Lyndon LaRouche, a candidate of the U.S. Labor Party, during the 1976 Presidential primary campaign. (613 F.2d 834 (D.C. Cir. 1979), cert. denied, 444 U.S. 1074 (1980).)

September

1 - Commission announces availability of the Financial Control and Compliance Manual for Presidential Candidates Receiving Public Financing .

4 - Commission releases final audit report on Wallace Campaign, Inc.

6 - Commission approves procedures for public disclosure of information pertaining to contributions submitted by Presidential candidates who seek public matching funds for the 1980 elections.

October

18 - Commission approves PPS (Probability Proportional to Size) statistical sampling technique for processing, verifying and certifying matching fund requests.

23 - Commission begins hearings on the federal funding of candidate debates.

25 - Commission approves new Presidential audit procedures.

26 - Commission submits to Congress proposed revisions to the convention financing regulations.

November

1 - Howard Baker establishes eligibility to receive primary matching funds.

- FEC publishes Campaign Guide for Presidential Candidates and Their Committees.

5 - Commission transmits to Congress regulations regarding eligibility of candidates who exceed expenditure limits prior to seeking matching funds. (44 FR 63756.)

20 - Jimmy Carter establishes eligibility to receive primary matching funds.

27 - Commission holds hearings in which the Udall '76 Committee appeals the Commission's determination that the Committee make a partial repayment of public funds to the U.S. Treasury.

December

18 - Lyndon LaRouche establishes eligibility to receive primary matching funds.

20 - Congress adopts amendments to the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (H.R. 5010).

28 - Commission prescribes regulations governing Presidential nominating conventions. (44 FR 77136.)

1980

January

3 - Edward Kennedy and George Bush establish eligibility to receive primary matching funds.

8 - 1979 Amendments to the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (as amended in 1974 and 1976) become law (P. L. No.96-187).

11 - Commission issues AO 1979-73: Allocation of advance staff salary and per diem in Presidential campaign.

15 - Ronald Reagan and Robert Dole establish eligibility to receive primary matching funds.

21 - Philip Crane establishes eligibility to receive primary matching funds.

22 - Edmund G. Brown, Jr. establishes eligibility to receive primary matching funds.

25 - Commission releases Interim Report Number 1, the first in the continuing series, FEC Reports on Financial Activity, Presidential Pre-Nomination Campaigns.

February

5 - John Anderson establishes eligibility to receive primary matching funds.

13 - Commission certifies remainder of the Democratic National Committee's full entitlement of $4,416,000 to finance the Democratic National Convention.

19 - U.S. Supreme Court denies a petition for certiorari in three cases brought by Lyndon LaRouche and Leroy Jones against the Commission. (444 U.S. 1074 (1980).)

22 - Commission releases FEC Reports on Financial Activity, Interim Report Number 2 on Presidential campaigns.

24 - Commission certifies remainder of the Republican National Committee's full entitlement of $4,416,000 to finance the Republican National Convention.

28 - Commission transmits to Congress proposed regulations to implement the 1979 Amendments to the Federal Election Campaign Act.

March

5 - Commission terminates the primary matching fund eligibility of Howard Baker.

21 - Commission releases FEC Reports on Financial Activity, Interim Report Number 3 on Presidential campaigns.

27 - Commission terminates the primary matching fund eligibility of Robert Dole.

April

1 - Commission prescribes new regulations implementing the 1979 Amendments to the Federal Election Campaign Act. (45 FR 21211.)

- Commission prescribes new regulations governing the funding and sponsorship of candidate debates. (45 FR 23642.)

3 - Commission terminates the primary matching fund eligibility of Edmund G. Brown, Jr. and Philip Crane (1980).

10 - Commission transmits to Congress revised regulations governing the suspension of primary matching fund payments to Presidential candidates. (45 FR 25378.)

14 - U.S. Supreme Court unanimously affirms two lower court decisions upholding the constitutionality of the Presidential Election Campaign Fund Act challenged by the Republican National Committee in RNC v. FEC. (445 U.S. 955 (1980).)

17 - Commission terminates the primary matching fund eligibility of Lyndon LaRouche.

20 - Commission issues AO 1980-21: Donation of baseball tickets to host committee for distribution to convention delegates.

25 - Commission releases FEC Reports on Financial Activity, Interim Report Number 4 on Presidential campaigns.

May

14 - Commission transmits to Congress proposed regulations governing contributions to and expenditures by delegates to national nominating conventions. (45 FR 34865.)

21 - Commission testifies before the House Administration Committee's Task Force on Audits and Reports Review.

23 - Commission releases FEC Reports on Financial Activity, Interim Report Number 5 on Presidential campaigns.

28 - Commission denies a request to re-establish matching fund eligibility for Lyndon LaRouche.

June

13 - Commission transmits to Congress proposed revised regulations governing the public financing of Presidential general election campaigns. (45 FR 43371.)

17 - Commission issues AO 1980-56: Eligibility of minor party candidate; and AO 1980-53: Donation of tote bags to convention delegates.

20 - Commission releases FEC Reports on Financial Activity, Interim Report Number 6 on Presidential campaigns.

July

3 - Commission prescribes revised regulations governing the suspension of primary matching fund payments to Presidential primary candidates. (45 FR 45257.)

22 - U.S. District Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia affirms the Commission's determination that Lyndon LaRouche failed to re-establish matching fund eligibility. (Gelman v. FEC, 631 F.2d 939 (D.C. Cir.), cert. denied, 449 U.S. 876 (1980).)

24 - Commission certifies $29.44 million in public funds for the general election campaign of Republican Presidential nominee Ronald Reagan and his running mate, George Bush.

29 - Commission releases FEC Reports on Financial Activity, Interim Report Number 7 on Presidential campaigns.

August

7 - Commission prescribes new regulations on contributions to and expenditures by delegates to national nominating conventions. (45 FR 52356.)

21 - Commission certifies $29.44 million in public funds for the general election campaign of the Democratic Presidential nominee Jimmy Carter and his running mate, Walter Mondale.

September

4 - Commission issues AO 1980-96: New party candidate's eligibility for post-election funding.

5 - Commission prescribes revised regulations governing the public funding of Presidential general election campaigns. (45 FR 58820.)

9 - U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia dismisses the suit that John Anderson had filed against the Commission because eligibility question had been resolved in AO 1980-96, see above. (Civil Action No. 80-1911.)

12 - U.S. Court of Appeals for District of Columbia, in In re Carter-Mondale Reelection Committee, Inc., refuses to order injunction against Commission's certification of general election funds to Reagan-Bush. (642 F.2d 538 (D.C. Cir. 1980).)

30 - U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia finds 26 U.S.C. Sec.9012(f)'s limit on independent expenditures unconstitutional. (Common Cause v. Schmitt, 512 F. Supp. 489 (D.D.C. 1980). See 1/19/82.)

October

27 - U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia rules that FEC must notify Citizens for LaRouche Committee of investigations involving contributors to 1980 LaRouche campaign. (Gelman v. FEC, Civil Action No. 80-2471.)

November

3 - Commission adopts new procedures for certifying public funds to new party Presidential candidates.

6 - Commission issues AO 1980-108: Bank loans made to new party Presidential candidate.

13 - Commission certifies $4,164,906 in Federal funds to the general election campaign of new party Presidential candidate John Anderson and his running mate, Patrick Lucey.

14 - Commission releases final audit report on Crane for President Committee.

- Commission issues AO 1980-120: Host committee's use of promotion funds to pay convention expenses.

December

16 - Commission releases final audit reports on Brown for President Committee and Dole for President Committee (1980).

18 - Commission releases final audit reports on Anderson for President Committee and the Baker Committee (1980).

1981

January

8 - Commission certifies an additional $77,398 in federal funds for the general election campaign of new party Presidential nominee John Anderson and his running mate, Patrick Lucey. (See 11/13/80.)

21 - Commission releases final post-primary audit report on Carter-Mondale Presidential Committee (1980).

29 - Commission adopts procedures for certifying final matching fund payments to Presidential primary candidates.

February

1 - Commission announces availability of card index that consolidates information on Commission advisory opinions, completed compliance cases and completed audits.

2 - Commission releases final audit report on Reagan for President (1980).

4 - Commission releases final audit report on George Bush for President (1980).

March

1 - Commission makes available microfilm cartridge containing audit reports issued between 1975 and 1980.

2 - D.C. Court of Appeals dismisses Committee for Jimmy Carter v. FEC since the parties reached settlement concerning 1976 primary matching funds. (Civil Action No. 79-2425.)

April

10 - District Court for the District of Maine dismisses John Anderson v. FEC, which involved constitutional questions regarding national party committees. (Civil Action No. 80-0272P.)

15 - Commission releases final audit report on Citizens for LaRouche (1980).

May

19 - D.C. Court of Appeals rules, in FEC v. Machinists and FEC v. Citizens for Democratic Alternatives, that "draft committees" are not subject to the election law's contribution limits but must comply with reporting requirements. (655 F.2d 397 (D.C. Cir.) and 655 F.2d 380 (D.C. Cir. 1981).)

August

28 - Commission recommends legislative amendment that would clarify FEC jurisdiction over "draft committee" activities.

October

2 - Commission issues AO 1981-32: Testing the waters for potential Presidential candidacy.

13 - Supreme Court denies Commission petition for a writ of certiorari in two suits brought by the Commission against "draft committees." (454 U.S. 897 (1981).)

November

15 - Commission releases 1979-1980 FEC Report on Financial Activity for Presidential Pre-Nomination Campaigns.

23 - Commission testifies before the Senate Committee on Rules and Administration on proposals to amend the Federal Election Campaign Act.

December

10 - D.C. Court of Appeals denies injunction sought by the Reagan-Bush Committee to stop the Commission's release of an audit report. (Reagan-Bush Committee v. FEC, 525 F. Supp. 1330 (D.D.C. 1981).)

21 - D.C. District Court resolves Kennedy for President Committee's claims against the FEC regarding audit procedures. (Civil Action No. 81-2552.)

1982

January

19 - Supreme Court, in a 4-4 vote, leaves standing a district court ruling in Common Cause v. Schmitt, a case concerning limits on independent expenditures made on behalf of publicly funded Presidential candidates in the general election. (455 U.S. 129 (1982).)

March

11 - District Court for the Southern District of New York grants preliminary injunction to plaintiffs in Dolbeare v. FEC, in which plaintiffs challenged FEC investigations of the 1980 Presidential primary campaign of Lyndon LaRouche. (No. 81 Civ. 4468-CLB (S.D.N.Y. Mar. 9, 1982)(unpublished opinion).)

15 - Commission issues AO 1982-3: Testing the waters for potential Presidential candidacy.

May

3 - Commission issues AO 1982-27: Financing convention facilities with private donations.

6 - Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit upholds earlier ruling in FEC v. Hall-Tyner Campaign Committee that the law's recordkeeping and reporting requirements, as applied to the Committee, would abridge First Amendment constitutional rights of Committee supporters. (The Committee was the principal campaign committee for the 1976 Presidential nominees of the Communist Party, U.S.A.) (Civil Action No. 81-6229.)

- Commission issues AO 1982-19: Testing the waters for potential Presidential candidacy.

August

2 - Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit overrules district court decision in FEC v. Florida for Kennedy Committee and holds that FEC lacks subject matter jurisdiction over "draft committees." (681 F.2d 1281 (11th Cir. 1982).)

December

7 - Commission holds hearings on possible revisions to the Presidential primary matching fund regulations.

1983

January

24 - Commission transmits to Congress revised primary matching fund regulations. (48 FR 5224.)

February

8 - Commission issues AO 1982-62: 1980 new party candidate's eligibility for funding prior to 1984 general election.

10 - Commission decides to postpone official action on contributions submitted for primary matching funds until corresponding revised regulations are prescribed.

16 - Commission makes available revised Presidential reporting form (FEC Form 3P).

March

8 - Commission approves revised edition of Financial Control and Compliance Manual for Presidential Primary Candidates Receiving Public Funds.

April

4 - Commission prescribes revised primary matching fund regulations. (48 FR 14347.)

14 - Walter Mondale and Alan Cranston establish eligibility to receive primary matching funds.

May

3 - Commission issues AO 1983-9: Eligibility of Presidential candidate who loaned more than $50,000 to exploratory campaign. (Superseded by 1985 revisions to testing the waters regulations.)

19 - Reubin Askew establishes eligibility to receive primary matching funds.

June

23 - Commission certifies $5,871,000 in public funds to both the Republican and Democratic parties for their 1984 national Presidential nominating conventions.

24 - U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia, in Carter/Mondale Presidential Committee v. FEC, rules it has no jurisdiction over Committee's petition for review of Commission determination concerning repayment of 1980 public funds since petition was filed late. (711 F.2d 279 (D.C. Cir. 1983).)

July

1 - Commission transmits to Congress revised regulations on public funding of Presidential general elections. (48 FR 31822.)

21 - Commission prescribes technical conforming amendments to regulations on public funding of Presidential nominating conventions. (48 FR 33244.)

August

18 - Gary Hart establishes eligibility to receive primary matching funds.

19 - Commission publishes new brochure, Public Funding of Presidential Elections.

September

29 - Commission certifies additional $44,485 in primary matching funds to John Anderson's 1980 Presidential campaign.

October

6 - John Glenn establishes eligibility to receive primary matching funds.

- Commission issues AO 1983-23: Corporate sponsorship of hospitality suite.

13 - Ernest Hollings establishes eligibility to receive primary matching funds.

19 - U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia, in Fund for a Conservative Majority v. FEC, dismisses with prejudice plaintiff's petition that court enjoin Commission from filing suits to enforce or construe 26 U.S.C. Sec.9012(f), which limits independent spending by political committees on behalf of publicly funded Presidential nominees. (Civil Action No. 80-1609.)

21 - Commission issues AO 1983-29: Use of private funds to finance party convention.

27 - Commission prescribes revised regulations on public funding of Presidential general elections. (48 FR 49653.)

December

12 - U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania, in FEC v. National Conservative Political Action Committee and Fund for a Conservative Majority, rules that Commission may not enforce 26 U.S.C. Sec.9012(f), which limits independent spending by political committees on behalf of publicly funded Presidential nominees. (Civil Action No. 82-2823.)

1984

January

26 - Commission initially determines Democratic candidate Lyndon LaRouche ineligible for 1984 primary matching funds, based on violations involving his 1980 campaign. (See 4/12 below.)

- Commission issues AO 1983-45: Matchability of cash contributions subsequently converted to partnership checks.

February

2 - Commission issues AO 1983-47: Matching funds for Citizens Party candidate.

8 - Commission publishes Federal Register notice denying National Taxpayers Legal Funds' petition to narrow definition of political party in public funding regulations. (49 FR 4846.)

9 - Jesse Jackson establishes eligibility to receive primary matching funds.

23 - George McGovern establishes eligibility to receive primary matching funds.

29 - Commission certifies additional $189,000 to both Republican and Democratic parties for their Presidential nominating conventions, bringing each party's total federal entitlement to $6.060 million. (See 7/11 below.)

March

1 - Reubin Askew, Alan Cranston and Ernest Hollings become ineligible for primary matching funds.

15 - George McGovern becomes ineligible for primary matching funds.

16 - John Glenn becomes ineligible for primary matching funds.

23 - President Ronald Reagan establishes eligibility to receive primary matching funds.

April

12 - Lyndon LaRouche establishes eligibility to receive primary matching funds.

18 - Commission releases statistics based on FEC Reports on Financial Activity, 1983-84, Interim Report No. 1: Presidential Pre-Nomination Campaigns, covering activity through December 1983.

May

3 - Commission releases statistics based on FEC Reports on Financial Activity, 1983-84, Interim Report No. 2: Presidential Pre-Nomination Campaigns, covering activity through January 1984.

- Commission issues AO 1984-11: Matching funds for multi-party Presidential candidate.

15 - In Kennedy for President v. FEC and Reagan for President v. FEC, U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit reverses FEC determinations concerning repayment of 1980 primary matching funds and orders FEC to revise repayment formula. (See 7/12 and 8/22 below.) (734 F.2d 1558 (D.C. Cir. 1984); and 734 F.2d 1569 (D.C. Cir. 1984).)

25 - Commission issues AO 1984-25: Matching funds for multi-party Presidential candidate.

June

19 - Commission releases statistics based on FEC Reports on Financial Activity, 1983-84, Interim Report No. 3: Presidential Pre-Nomination Campaigns, covering activity through February 1984.

July

7 - Lyndon LaRouche becomes ineligible for matching funds.

11 - President Reagan signs P.L. 98-355, which increases public funding grant for major parties' Presidential nominating conventions from $3 million to $4 million, as adjusted by cost-of-living increase. (See 7/12 and 7/31 below.)

12 - Commission certifies additional $2.020 million in public funds to both the Democratic and Republican parties' nominating conventions, bringing each party's grant to $8.080 million.

- Commission revises determinations concerning repayments of public funds by 1980 primary campaigns of Edward Kennedy and Ronald Reagan.

18 - Gary Hart, Jesse Jackson and Walter Mondale become ineligible for primary matching funds.

20 - Commission releases statistics based on FEC Reports on Financial Activity, 1983-84, Interim Report No. 4: Presidential Pre-Nomination Campaigns, covering activity through March 1984.

26 - Commission certifies $40.4 million in public funds for the general election campaign of Democratic Presidential nominee Walter Mondale and his running mate Geraldine Ferraro.

- Citizens Party candidate Sonia Johnson becomes first third party candidate eligible for primary matching funds.

31 - Commission prescribes technical amendments to public funding regulations, increasing amount of pubic funding grant for nominating convention committees of major parties to $4 million, plus COLA. (49 FR 30461.)

August

22 - Ronald Reagan becomes ineligible for primary matching funds.

- Commission publishes Federal Register notice on final proposed rules governing repayment of public funds. (49 FR 33225.)

23 - Sonia Johnson becomes ineligible for primary matching funds.

27 - Commission certifies $40.4 million in public funds for the general election campaign of Republican Presidential nominee Ronald Reagan and his running mate George Bush.

September

5 - Commission releases statistics based on FEC Reports on Financial Activity, 1983-84, Interim Report No. 5: Presidential Pre-Nomination Campaigns, covering activity through April 1984.

November

28 - Supreme Court hears oral argument in FEC v. NCPAC and Democratic Party of U.S. v. NCPAC, consolidated cases concerning enforcement of 26 U.S.C. Sec.9012(f).

29 - Commission releases statistics based on FEC Reports on Financial Activity, 1983-84, Interim Report No. 6: Presidential Pre-Nomination Campaigns, covering activity through June 1984.

1985

January

4 - Commission publishes Federal Register notice on Common Cause's rulemaking petition on "soft money." (See 12/18 below.) (50 FR 477.)

February

11 - Commission releases audit report on 1984 Presidential primary campaign of George McGovern.

26 - In Fund for a Conservative Majority v. FEC, U.S. District Court upholds FEC's withholding of documents on internal audit procedures. (Civil Action No. 84-1342 (D.D.C. Feb. 26, 1985) (unpublished opinion).)

March

13 - Commission resubmits regulations on repayments by publicly funded candidates to Congress. (50 FR 9421.)

18 - U.S. Supreme Court, in FEC v. NCPAC, rules 26 U.S.C. Sec.9012(f) unconstitutional. (470 U.S. 480 (1985).)

April

24 - Commission hears McGovern campaign's oral presentation disputing FEC determination on the repayment of 1984 matching funds. (See 6/13 below.)

June

13 - Commission rejects McGovern campaign's argument (see 4/24) and makes final repayment determination.

20 - Commission releases audit report on Dallas host committee of the 1984 Republican Presidential nominating convention.

25 - Commission releases audit report on 1984 Presidential primary campaign of Sonia Johnson.

26 - Commission prescribes revised rules governing the repayment of public funds. (50 FR 26354.)

July

19 - Commission releases audit report on 1984 Presidential primary campaign of Jesse Jackson.

August

19 - Commission releases audit report on 1984 Presidential primary campaign of John Glenn.

22 - Commission releases audit report on 1984 Presidential primary campaign of Alan Cranston.

September

5 - Commission releases audit reports on convention and host committees for the San Francisco 1984 Democratic Presidential nominating convention.

October

18 - In Gramm v. FEC, U.S. District Court of the Northern District of Texas upholds FEC audit and subpoena powers. (Civil Action No. CA3-85-1164-7.)

29 - Commission releases audit report on 1984 Presidential primary campaign of Lyndon LaRouche.

November

1 - In Carter/Mondale Presidential Committee v. FEC, U.S. appeals court upholds FEC decision not to reconsider repayment decision. (Nos. 84-1391 and 8-1499.)

December

18 - Commission publishes Federal Register notice of inquiry on "soft money" and announces hearing date for January 29-30, 1986. (50 FR 51535.)

1986

January

24 - Commission issues AO 1985-40: Testing the waters for potential Presidential candidacy.

29 - Commission begins public hearing on Common Cause's rulemaking petition concerning "soft money."

March

14 - Commission issues AO 1986-6: Leadership PAC formed by potential Presidential candidate.

April

17 - Commission votes to deny Common Cause's petition for rulemaking on "soft money" and, on April 29, publishes reasons for decision in Federal Register notice. (51 FR 15915.)

28 - Commission releases audit report on 1984 Republican Presidential nominating convention committee.

June

4 - Commission releases statistics on 1984 Presidential primary campaigns based on final Report on Financial Activity.

25 - In Common Cause v. FEC, district court orders agency to provide statement of reasons explaining decision to dismiss complaint. (See 10/23 below.) (Civil Action No. 85-0968.)

26 - Commission releases audit report on 1984 Presidential primary campaign of Gary Hart.

July

10 - Commission releases audit report on 1984 Presidential primary campaign of President Ronald Reagan.

August

5 - Commission publishes Federal Register notice of proposed rulemaking on regulations governing bank loans and Presidential public funding. (See 12/3 below.) (51 FR 28154.)

October

23 - Commission decides to issue statement of reasons whenever a majority of Commissioners vote against the General Counsel's recommendation in a complaint.

28 - Commission releases final audit report on 1984 Presidential primary campaign of Walter Mondale.

December

3 - Commission hold public hearing on proposed public funding regulations.

16 - Commission approves revisions to Guideline for Presentation in Good Order, a publication for Presidential primary campaigns receiving matching funds.

1987

March

3 - Commission issues AO 1987­3: Refund for terminated Presidential campaign remitted by media firm to U.S. Treasury.

4 - Commission seeks comments on proposed revisions to regulations on contributions and expenditures made in connection with Presidential delegate selection process. (52 FR 6580.)

April

22 - Commission holds hearings on regulations on contributions and expenditures made in connection with Presidential delegate selection process.

23 - Commission approves revised edition of its Financial Control and Compliance Manual for Presidential Primary Candidates Receiving Public Financing.

24 - Representative Richard Gephardt becomes first Presidential candidate to establish eligibility for 1988 matching funds.

May

4 - Commission issues AO 1987­8: Distribution of book containing information about Presidential candidates to convention delegates.

6 - Bruce Babbitt establishes eligibility to receive primary matching funds.

21 - Jack Kemp establishes eligibility to receive primary matching funds.

26 - Commission sends revised public financing regulations to Congress.

June

4 - Commission makes initial determination that Gary Hart is not eligible for matching funds.

6 - George Bush establishes eligibility to receive primary matching funds.

15 - Robert Dole establishes eligibility to receive primary matching funds.

23 - U.S. Court of Appeals affirms final repayment determination for John Glenn's 1984 Presidential campaign. (John Glenn Presidential Committee, Inc. v. FEC, 822 F.2d 1097 (D.C. Cir. 1987).)

July

6 - Commission asks Secretary of Treasury to pay $8,892,000 to each major party to finance 1988 Presidential nominating conventions.

14 - Commission urges elimination of state spending limits for Presidential campaigns in testimony before the Subcommittee on Elections of the Committee on House Administration.

- Albert Gore, Jr. establishes eligibility to receive primary matching funds.

August

3 - In Common Cause v. FEC, U.S. district court rules on need for Commission regulations on allocation of expenditures between the federal and nonfederal accounts of state party committees ("soft money"). (692 F. Supp. 1391 (D.D.C. 1987).)

18 - Commission promulgates revised public financing regulations. (52 FR 30904.)

24 - Pete du Pont establishes eligibility to receive primary matching funds.

September

9 - Michael Dukakis establishes eligibility to receive primary matching funds.

17 - Commission sends Congress revised regulations on contributions and expenditures made in connection with the Presidential delegate selection process.

22 - Joseph Biden establishes eligibility to receive primary matching funds.

24 - Commission makes final determination that Gary Hart failed to establish eligibility for matching funds.

October

23 - Commission releases report on contributions and expenditures of 1988 Presidential candidates.

28 - Paul Simon establishes eligibility to receive primary matching funds.

29 - M.G. "Pat" Robertson establishes eligibility to receive primary matching funds.

November

20 - Revised regulations promulgated on contributions and expenditures made in connection with Presidential delegate selection process. (52 FR 44594.)

December

16 - Alexander Haig establishes eligibility to receive primary matching funds.

28 - Gary Hart establishes eligibility to receive primary matching funds.

1988

January

5 - Jesse Jackson establishes eligibility to receive primary matching funds.

28 - Lenora B. Fulani establishes eligibility to receive primary matching funds.

February

11 - FEC determines that checks to "The Kemp Forum" are not matchable.

- Commission releases financial figures on eighteen Presidential primary candidates.

23 - Commission publishes notice of inquiry on allocation of spending between federal and nonfederal accounts ("soft money"). (53 FR 5277.)

March

1 - Commission releases figures on 1988 Presidential spending limits.

- Commission issues AO 1988­6: Fundraising expenses for Presidential campaign.

2 - Commission certifies an additional $328,000 to each major party for their Presidential nominating conventions.

- Commission offers first warning on potential shortfall in Presidential Election Campaign Fund.

10 - In Xerox v. Americans with Hart and Kroll v. Americans with Hart, U.S. district court vacates creditor's claims against 1984 Hart campaign. (Civil Action Nos. 88­0086 and 88­0211, respectively.)

24 - Lyndon H. LaRouche establishes eligibility to receive primary matching funds.

28 - Commission issues AO 1988­5: Use of matching funds to retire debt from previous Presidential campaign.

May

12 - Commission adopts new procedures to speed up enforcement.

June

29 - Commission issues AO 1988­25: Loaning free cars for party conventions.

July

26 - FEC certifies $46.1 million in public funds for the general election campaign of Democratic Presidential nominee Michael Dukakis and his running mate Lloyd Bentsen.

- FEC dismisses petition to deny public funds for the general election to the Democratic Presidential ticket.

August

3 - In Boulter and National Senatorial Committee v. FEC, U.S. Court of Appeals affirms FEC's decision to certify general election public funds to the Democratic Presidential ticket. (No.88­1541 (D.C. Cir. Aug. 3, 1988)(unpublished order).)

22 - FEC certifies $46.1 million in public funds for the general election campaign of Republican Presidential nominee Vice President George Bush and his running mate Dan Quayle.

25 - In Common Cause v. FEC, U.S. district court rejects imposition of time table on Commission's revision of allocation ("soft money") regulations but asks the FEC to submit progress reports periodically. (692 F. Supp. 1397 (D.D.C. 1988).)

September

22 - FEC approves notice of proposed rulemaking on allocation of spending between federal and nonfederal accounts ("soft money"). (53 FR 38012.)

December

16 - FEC holds hearing on allocation ("soft money") regulations.

1989

February

10 - FEC sends questionnaires on allocation methods to state party chairmen.

March

9 - FEC releases final audit report on Pete du Pont's 1988 Presidential primary campaign. (See 6/28 and 12/14 below.)

April

3 - Commission alerts Members of Congress to projected 1996 shortfall in Presidential Election Campaign Fund and consequences to public funding system.

May

25 - FEC releases final audit report on Bruce Babbitt's 1988 Presidential primary campaign.

June

22 - FEC releases final audit report on Alexander Haig's 1988 Presidential primary campaign.

28 - FEC hears presentation by Pete du Pont for President Committee contesting agency's initial repayment determination. (See 12/14 below.)

July

13 - FEC releases final audit report on Albert Gore, Jr.'s 1988 Presidential primary campaign.

August

25 - FEC releases final report on financial activity of 1988 Presidential primary campaigns.

October

5 - FEC rejects objections to matching fund procedures by M.G. "Pat" Robertson's 1988 Presidential primary campaign.

25 - FEC releases final audit report on 1988 Republican national convention committee.

November

1 - Commission again notifies Congress of projected deficit in Presidential Election Campaign Fund.

2 - FEC releases final audit report on Lenora Fulani's 1988 Presidential primary campaign.

21 - FEC releases final audit report on 1988 Democratic convention committee.

December

14 - FEC makes final determination that Pete du Pont for President committee repay $25,775 in matching funds.

31 - Commission's A-123 letter (vulnerability self-assessment) to President cites projected 1996 shortfall as major weakness.

1990

January

25 - FEC releases final audit report on 1988 Hart campaign.

26 - Commission projects 1996 funding shortfall of $120-140 million.

February

12 - FEC notifies Congress, the President and the Secretary of the Treasury that the Presidential Election Campaign Fund will likely be insufficient to finance the 1992 campaigns.

20 - FEC releases final audit report on Quayle for Vice President - 1988.

March

1 - FEC releases final audit report on Bentsen for Vice President­'88.

29 - Commission approves legislative recommendations, including some regarding projected shortfall.

April

4 - FEC publishes notice of proposed rulemaking on computerized magnetic media for Presidential audits. (55 FR 12499.)

May

23 - FEC releases final audit report on LaRouche Democratic Campaign.

June

18 - FEC sends revised allocation regulations to Congress. (55 FR 26058.)

22 - FEC sends revised rules on computer formats for Presidential audits to Congress. (55 FR 26392.)

29 - Commission issues AO 1990­11: Presidential campaign's donation of assets to charity.

July

11 - FEC asks Treasury to write rules to address shortfall in Presidential Election Campaign Fund.

August

1 - Senate Report 101-411 on FY '91 appropriation recommends that FEC conduct survey to determine if public does not understand purposes of Presidential Election Campaign Fund before commencing public awareness campaign.

22 - FEC publishes notice of proposed rulemaking on Presidential conventions. (55 FR 34267.)

September

4 - FEC releases final audit report on Republicans' Louisiana Host Committee 1988, Inc.

28 - FEC releases final audit report on Democrats' Atlanta '88 Committee, Inc.

October

3 - Effective date for magnetic media rules. (55 FR 40377.)

- FEC announces allocation ("soft money") rules effective January 1, 1991. (55 FR 40377.)

- LaRouche committee makes oral presentation contesting FEC audit report.

November

1 - FEC publishes Record supplement on allocation.

29 - Commission projects '92 shortfall of $4-34 million. Management Plan for '91 authorizes $92,000 for checkoff education program.

December

13 - Treasury publishes notice of proposed rulemaking on rules to address shortfall in Presidential Election Campaign Fund.

1991

January

1 - Effective date: allocation ("soft money") rules.

4 - FEC receives focus group report on public awareness of dollar tax checkoff.

22 - Commission submits written comments on proposed Treasury rules on payments to Presidential campaigns.

February

11 - Commission testifies at IRS hearing on proposed Treasury rules on Presidential public funding.

March

1 - FEC publishes The $1 Tax Checkoff brochure.

5 - FEC holds press conference to launch public education program on dollar tax checkoff.

6 - Commission testifies before Senate Committee on Rules and Administration on shortfall in Presidential Election Campaign Fund.

28 - Commission suspends rulemaking on Presidential nominating conventions. (56 FR 14319.)

April

30 - FEC releases final audit report on Dole for President Committee (1988).

May

1 - Commission testifies on shortfall in Presidential Election Campaign Fund before House Subcommittee on Elections.

10 - Treasury adopts final rules on public funding payments.

June

18 - FEC releases final audit report on Gephardt for President Committee (1988).

28 - Commission certifies 1992 Democratic National Convention Committee eligible to receive $10.6 million for its Presidential nominating convention.

July

3 - Commission certifies Committee on Arrangements for the 1992 Republican National Convention eligible to receive $10.6 million for its Presidential nominating convention.

18 - FEC approves final rule on matching fund submissions and certifications. (56 FR 34130.)

- FEC approves final rules on public funding of Presidential candidates. (56 FR 35898.)

31 - FEC releases final audit report on Jack Kemp for President; Kemp/Dannemeyer Committee and Victory '88.

August

6 - FEC releases first report on national party committees' nonfederal and building fund account activity.

15 - Commission approves 1992 Guideline for Presentation in Good Order.

September

9 - FEC releases final audit report on the Gephardt Committee (1988).

October

30 - FEC releases final audit report on Paul Simon for President (1988).

- FEC releases statistics on 1992 Presidential campaigns.

31 - Lenora B. Fulani establishes eligibility to receive primary matching funds.

November

6 - FEC releases final audit report on Bush-Quayle '88; George Bush for President, Inc./Compliance Committee.

- Gephardt Committee (1988) responds to audit report.

- Effective date: rules on matching fund submission and certification procedures; public financing of Presidential primary and general election candidates. (56 FR 56570.)

13 - FEC announces submission and certification dates for 1992 Presidential candidates. (56 FR 57644.)

20 - Paul E. Tsongas establishes eligibility to receive primary matching funds.

27 - George Bush, Bill Clinton, Tom Harkin, Bob Kerrey and Douglas Wilder establish eligibility to receive primary matching funds.

December

2 - Edmund G. Brown, Jr. establishes eligibility to receive primary matching funds.

3 - FEC releases final audit report on Dukakis/Bentsen for President Committee, Inc.; Dukakis/Bentsen General Election Legal and Compliance Fund (1988).

17 - FEC releases final audit report on Dukakis for President Committee, Inc. (1988).

19 - Commission denies Lyndon LaRouche's eligibility to receive primary matching funds.

1992

January

3 - In a press conference, Commission makes announcement about shortfall in Presidential Election Campaign Fund.

- FEC introduces checkoff education ads and special checkoff 800-number.

27 - Patrick J. Buchanan establishes eligibility to receive matching funds.

- FEC publishes Legal History of the Presidential Election Campaign Fund Act.

31 - FEC approves 1992 edition of the Financial Control and Compliance Manual for Presidential Primary Candidates Receiving Public Financing.

February

5 - FEC announces changes to "Computerized Magnetic Media Requirements for Title 26 Candidates/Committees Receiving Federal Funding."

6 - FEC makes final repayment determination on Dole for President Committee, Inc. (1988 primary committee).

12 - FEC announces 1992 Presidential spending limits.

24 - FEC releases final audit report on George Bush for President, Inc. (1988 primary committee).

26 - Commission testifies on FEC's FY 1993 budget request before the House Subcommittee on Elections of the Committee on House Administration.

27 - FEC makes final determination denying matching funds to Lyndon LaRouche, for his 1992 Presidential campaign.

March

1 - FEC publishes 1992 coordinated party expenditure limits.

3 - Lyndon LaRouche and his campaign committee ask the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit to review the Commission's decision to deny the campaign matching funds. (LaRouche v. FEC (No. 92­1100).)

26 - FEC approves final audit report on Americans for Robertson, Inc. (1988 primary committee).

April

1 - FEC announces new procedures for expediting audits of 1992 Presidential elections.

2 - FEC's new regulations on bank loans and lines of credit become effective.

3 - In a press conference, Commission predicts 1996 shortfall in Presidential Election Campaign Fund unless Congress amends law.

- Chairman Aikens discusses tax checkoff on Larry King's radio program.

9 - FEC approves final audit report on Jesse Jackson for President '88 Committee.

May

14 - Larry Agran establishes eligibility to receive primary matching funds.

21 - FEC approves final repayment determination for Gephardt for President Committee, Inc. (1988 primary committee).

June

11 - FEC issues final repayment determination for Bush-Quayle '88 Committee.

18 - Revised allocation regulations become effective.

25 - FEC denies petition to withhold public funding from Clinton campaign.

July

17 - Commission certifies $55.24 million in public funds for the general election campaign of Democratic Presidential nominee Bill Clinton and his running mate Albert Gore, Jr.

29 - FEC publishes notice of proposed rulemaking on draft regulations governing communications by corporations and labor organizations (MCFL rulemaking).

31 - FEC issues final repayment determination for Jack Kemp for President Committee, Inc. (1988 primary committee).

August

1 - Commission sends two letters to Presidential campaigns concerning (1) the need to obtain contributor information, (2) payment of excessive and prohibited contributions to the U.S. Treasury and (3) the use of statistical sampling in FEC audits.

5 - FEC releases summaries of political party activity, including disclosure of nonfederal accounts of national party committees.

21 - Commission certifies $55.24 million in public funds for the general election campaign of Republican Presidential nominee George Bush and his running mate Dan Quayle.

September

17 - FEC makes final determination that the LaRouche Democratic Campaign repay $151,260 in federal funds for 1988 campaign.

21 - FEC finds that the Natural Law Party of the U.S. qualifies as a national party committee.

October

1 - FEC publishes 1992 Presidential Primary Results.

14 - FEC begins public hearing on MCFL rulemaking.

15 - John Hagelin of the Natural Law Party establishes eligibility to receive primary matching funds.

22 - FEC denies extension of time for repayment by Gephardt 1988 Committee.

- Lyndon LaRouche and LaRouche Democratic Campaign '88 petition U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit to review the Commission's final repayment determination.

28 - In open hearing, Jesse Jackson's 1988 Presidential campaign urges FEC to reduce repayment due U.S. Treasury.

November

17 - Commission issues AO 1992-38: Clinton/Gore Campaign Committee may accept temporary $1 million loan from its compliance fund, subject to certain conditions.

December

1 - FEC publishes revised Record supplement on allocation rules.

2 - In open hearing, M.G. "Pat" Robertson's 1988 Presidential campaign urged the FEC to reduce its repayments to the U.S. Treasury.

14 - At press briefing, Chairman Joan D. Aikens and FEC staff present statistics on 1992 Presidential race.