Indirectly authorized




No more than $100 from petty cash


Permitted, but must be itemized


For-profit corporation may not directly place an advertisement in its own name in support of a ballot question or proposition

















No expenditure may be made if its source is not disclosed as required by law.







Restricted to certain ticket purchases or joint expenditures



































Generally prohibited, except for certain fundraiser ticket purchases






May not exceed $50 (except for properly receipted filing fees)


Permitted, with itemization


Expenditures in excess of $50 must be made by written instrument with name of donor and payee.







Permitted, but may not be made for purpose of making independent expenditures to support or oppose other candidates






May not exceed $100


Permitted if credit is paid with campaign funds and expenses are related only to a political, legislative, or governmental purpose.


Must all be made from campaign account







Prohibited, except candidate may transfer limited amount to candidate’s own new committee for another office






May not exceed $100









Honoraria may not be paid to elected public officials



Generally prohibited


Safe investments are authorized


Certain specified amounts for particular purposes are authorized


May not exceed $100 from petty cash







Only the treasurer may incur a financial obligation. Expenditures must be made by check drawn on the designated depository. Certain public expenditures prohibited during period leading up to election if features public official/candidate. Soft money contributions from national party committees banned.

















All expenditures must be made by candidate committee.



District of Columbia




Limited to maximum of $5,000 to any one political committee in any one election






Must be $50 or less to any one person in connection with a single transaction, and must be fully documented




No expenditures may be made when there is a vacancy in the office of treasurer. Expenditures must be made by check drawn on the designated depository.







Permitted under certain specified circumstances, but legislative leadership committees and fund transfers prohibited.






Must be less than $30 petty cash, and may not be used to pay for the purchase of time, space, or services from the communications media


Permitted for statewide candidates and statewide committees for travel-related expenditures with specific restrictions


Treasurer must be appointed before making expenditures. All expenditures must be through treasurer, on a bank check drawn on the campaign depository, and contain certain specified information. Unopposed candidates are limited in the expenditures they may make once they become unopposed. No expenditures may be made to or by a person speaking in furtherance of the person’s candidacy at a public meeting.







Permitted with excess funds






Permitted with recorded information


Credit card expenditures permitted


Expenditures can only be made to defray ordinary and necessary expenses incurred in connection with the candidate’s campaign for elective office or for fulfillment or retention of the office.







Restricted to certain ticket purchases or joint expenditures

















Not more than two fundraiser tickets; prohibited to transfer to federal races






All such expenditures must be reported




Expenditures require the treasurer's written authorization. Loans are limited to an aggregate of $10,000, and must be fully repaid to accept more.









Not prohibited











Expenditures may not be made in a manner that conceals the identity of the individual or organization making the payment. Each expenditure of $25 or more must be vouched for by a receipt or canceled check.





Specific list of activities prohibited.

 Campaign funds may not be used for the aggrandizement of any committee member or campaign worker upon dissolution


Investments such as certificates of deposit, stocks, securities, and mutual fund are specifically authorized










No expenditure may be made when there is a vacancy in the office of chair or treasurer. Expenditures must be authorized by the chair, treasurer, or their designated agents. Public funds may not be used for political purposes.









Not prohibited








Expenditures may not be made in the absence of a treasurer. Each expenditure of $25 or more must be vouched for by proof of payment and a record of particulars. Special disclaimer required for certain independent expenditures.





Only if directly related to campaign, and not for candidate or family member. Entertainment of campaign volunteers is permitted.


Prohibited unless committee of the same candidate






Prohibited; all expenditures must be by check


Permitted with clear disclosure


An expenditure may not be made by the treasurer or treasurer's designee without the approval of the chairman of the committee or the candidate.







Candidate funds cannot be contributed to another candidate’s campaign










An expenditure cannot be made by a treasurer unless all required reports or statements have been filed.













Expenditures of $25 or more must be made by check




No candidate may pay money or other thing of value for a person's vote or support.





May not be used, loaned, or pledged by any person for any personal use, except replacement of articles lost, stolen, or damaged in connection with a campaign




Generally permitted except with respect to stock market investments; money market mutual funds specifically permitted


Certain restrictions on election day transportation payments


Cash expenditures of up to $100 may be made from petty cash for items other than personal services and voter transportation if complete records are maintained




Expenditures made in the name of others are implicitly prohibited. No expenditures may be made from funds received from an anonymous source. Except for petty cash, all expenditures must be made by check drawn on the primary campaign depository, made payable to a specific person for specific purposes. No expenditures in exchange for endorsement or support.

















Treasurer must be appointed before making expenditures. No expenditures for liquor to be distributed or consumed by voters while polls open.







Certain transfers of up to $6,000 and unlimited transfers between certain committees are expressly permitted.




Generally prohibited




May not exceed $25 per single recipient from regulated petty cash fund


All non-petty cash disbursements must be made by check from a designated campaign depository, but an exception with special reimbursement provisions.







Limited to $100 and $1,500 in aggregate.

 Committees organized on behalf of statewide candidates may not contribute to any other candidate or political action committee.

 No transfer from a federal officeholder’s federal committee into that person’s state committee



Candidate or committee funds may only be placed in savings or money market accounts to earn interest




May not exceed $50


May not use for cash advance or loans

 Wire disbursements permitted under limited circumstances


All expenditures of more than $50 by statewide, county, and certain municipal candidates must be by check drawn on the designated depository and must be signed by the recipient under oath.

 No expenditures may be made unless funds exist to support them.









Funds in a candidate committee account may not be invested in the stock market, commodities, mutual funds, or land contracts




May not exceed $50




No expenditures permitted until a treasurer is designated. Expenditures of anonymous contributions may only be to a tax-exempt charitable institution (or, in the case of a judicial candidate, to the state bar client security fund). Expenditures by agents or independent contractors must be reported as committee expenditures. Public funds may not be spent for gifts; salaries or wages in excess of $5,000 per month; items clearly worth less than the payments; a defense fund; solicitation of non-exempt funds; or repayment of a loan. Limits on candidate ticket purchases for other candidate fundraisers ($100 per candidate/year).







Prohibited, except when a candidate dissolves a committee (can then make contribution to another principal campaign committee). Applies also to a transfer to federal, local, and out-of-state candidate committees.


Apparently permitted




Petty cash expenditures limited to $100 per week for statewide elections; $20 per week for legislative elections




Expenditures of more than $20 require written authorization of the treasurer or deputy treasurer of the committee or fund. No expenditures may be made for certain material items to influence voting or non-voting. Corporate expenditures are generally limited to ballot question campaigns.
























Prohibited for disposition of exploratory committee’s funds






Single cash expenditures from petty cash fund may not exceed $50; aggregate calendar year expenditures may not exceed the lesser of 10% of the committee’s total calendar year expenditures or $5,000.




Each expenditure of more than $50 must be by check drawn on the committee’s depository and signed by the treasurer. No expenditure may be made or incurred in a fictitious name, in the name of another, or by or through someone in such a manner as to conceal the identity of the actual recipient and the purpose of the expenditure.













Petty cash fund may pay for office supplies, transportation expenses, postage stamps, and other necessities of less than $25, but may not be used for purchase of time, space, or services from any communications medium




Expenditures are to be made from the designated primary depository and primary depositories. Non-petty-cash expenditures are to be made by check.







Contribution or independent expenditure by a candidate committee to another candidate committee is prohibited except for a fundraising event and transfer of unexpended funds after termination of the candidate's committee


Permitted for investments authorized by state law for the state investment officer




Must be $50 or less




Corporations, labor unions, or industry, trade, or professional associations may make expenditures and provide personal services without becoming a committee, but must file a report of expenditures, unless exempted. These organizations may not make expenditures to their PACs, but may make expenditures for the establishment and administration of the fund.




















New Hampshire














Political committee member may not make or permit an unlawful expenditure. Expenditure for use of contributions for political advertising cannot be more or less than applicable rates filed with the Secretary of State.



New Jersey








Permitted. Funds received and payments made are not reportable contributions or expenditures if individual is not a “candidate.”


Payment by check required




No expenditure may be made anonymously, in a fictitious name, or in the name of another. Anonymous contributions must be returned to the donor if known; if not known, to the state. A political party may not expend money to aid a candidate for national convention delegate, party position, or nomination for public office as a party candidate.



New Mexico






Interest-earning investments permitted




Disbursements must be by check to named payee, except petty cash fund of $100 or less permitted




Political party may not use contributions to aid party candidate in primary against other candidates of same party. Permitted expenditures also include reasonable office-related expenditures of legislators, donations to general fund or § 170(b)(1)(A) organization, and expenditures to eliminate campaign debts of candidate for same or other office. Contributions solicited for or received in federal election campaign may not be used in state election campaign.



New York






Investment in income-producing sources permitted




$100 or less permitted; otherwise by check




Anonymous contributions may not be used or expended, but must be paid over to the state. Political party may not make expenditures to aid a party primary candidate.



North Carolina










No media expenditures in cash. Non-media expenditures (except postage) limited to $50.







North Dakota


Judicial candidates may not permit use of campaign funds for private  benefit












Payments to influence an editorial position advocating or opposing a candidate are prohibited. Use of state property or services for political purposes is prohibited.






























Prohibited; if over $25, must be vouched for by receipted bill




Special expenditure limits apply to primary and general elections involving judicial candidates













Prohibited if over $50




Non-profit corporation to promote social, educational, or political ideas can make independent expenditure. No state official may authorize the expenditure of public funds to support or oppose an initiative or referendum.





Excess contributions may not be converted to personal use



















Expenditure from candidate’s committee to other political committees permitted






Vouchers for all expenditures over $25 must be retained




Candidate or political committee may not disburse money received from an anonymous source. Anonymous contributions must be turned over to the state treasurer.



Puerto Rico




Generally prohibited




Special provisions for voter transportation funds






Special requirements apply to expenditures for media advertising by parties and candidates for governor receiving public funding



Rhode Island




Campaign funds not used for the expenses of gaining or holding public office may be donated to a candidate for public office, a public organization, or a PAC, subject to the statutory limitations on contributions, or transferred in whole or in part to a newly established PAC.










Public funds may not be used to pay for broadcast or distribution of photograph or voice of elected official who is a candidate during 120 days before election.



South Carolina




Candidate may not contribute to or make an independent expenditure on behalf of another candidate






Expenditures over $25 must be by written instrument. Petty cash fund may not exceed $100 and cash expenditure may not exceed $25.




Expenditure must not be clearly in excess of market value.



South Dakota



















Transfer of funds or assets from candidate’s campaign committee for federal election  to campaign committee of or for the candidate in an election the state prohibited.





























An expenditure made in name of or on behalf of another prohibited unless there is disclosure. Expenditure of unlawful contributions prohibited. Payments from contributions to purchase real property prohibited. Making or authorization of a contribution in the Capitol is prohibited.

















Labor organization may use union dues only to communicate with members about political issues . Labor organization may make expenditures for political activities only through a separate segregated fund. Expenditures made directly or indirectly for a state office candidate must be made through the candidate’s personal campaign committee. Newspapers and periodicals may not be paid to influence an election except thru a ‘paid advertisement.’









Investment in short-term note permitted




Expenditures by a candidate who has made expenditures or received contributions of $500 or more and by a political committee must be paid by the treasurer by a check from a single checking account




State executive and legislative office candidates may voluntarily agree in an election not to exceed the statutory limits on total expenditures for the office involved



Virgin Islands




Unlimited to other candidate-related committees







Prohibited except for petty-cash expenditure not exceeding $100

















Petty cash expenditures of less than $100 permitted; otherwise, only by check




Can transfer funds to interest-bearing account or instrument. Expenditures made on behalf of a candidate, except independent expenditures, must be reported to a candidate's campaign treasurer.





Contributions may be transferred to someone or expended for his or her personal use for reimbursement for loans to cover lost earnings while campaigning or performing services for the political committee and for direct out-of-pocket expenses or for repayment of loans made to political committee


Prohibited except for transfer of surplus funds to a political party or caucus of the legislature


Candidates and committees may invest campaign funds in bonds, certificates, tax-exempt securities or savings accounts, or other similar instruments in financial institutions or in mutual funds.




Must be $50 or less if no receipt




An expenditure may not be incurred in a fictitious name, anonymously, or by one person through another so as to effect concealment. Accumulated anonymous contributions in excess of limit may not be expended and must be returned to donor, if known, or to the state. A candidate or political committee that encourages any person to make a reportable contribution on its behalf is deemed to have made the expenditure. Contribution may not be used without approval of contributor to further a candidacy for an office other than the office designated in statement of organization of candidate committee.



West Virginia


Use of excess campaign assets for personal economic benefit prohibited


Excess campaign assets may be distributed to other committees




Payment to campaign election workers must be by check


Payments to campaign  election workers and paid staff must be by check




Anonymous contribution may not be expended, but must be donated to the state general revenue fund. Payment for newspaper or periodical endorsement prohibited.






















Candidate for judicial office may not use contributions for private benefit of others












Money may not be expended on behalf of a candidate without the candidate's prior written approval. A political party may not expend funds to aid the nomination of one person against another person of the same party in a primary election. Campaign literature or advertising (except small campaign items) may not be paid for unless sponsoring candidate, organization, or committee is identified.


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