CHART 3-B:  EXPENDITURE LIMITATIONS

 

 

STATE

 

PERSONAL USE OF OTHERS

 

 

CANDIDATE TO OTHER COMMITTEES

 

SPECULATIVE INVESTMENTS

 

WALKING AROUND MONEY

 

 

CASH EXPENDITURES

 

ON CREDIT OR CREDIT CARD

 

OTHER RESTRICTIONS

 

 

Alabama

 

Prohibited

 

Permitted

 

Indirectly authorized

 

 

 

No more than $100 from petty cash

 

Permitted, but must be itemized

 

For-profit corporation may not directly place an advertisement in its own name in support of a ballot question or proposition

 

 

Alaska

 

Prohibited

 

Prohibited

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No expenditure may be made if its source is not disclosed as required by law.

 

 

American
  
Samoa

 

 

 

Restricted to certain ticket purchases or joint expenditures

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Arizona

 

 

 

 

Prohibited

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Arkansas

 

 

 

Generally prohibited, except for certain fundraiser ticket purchases

 

 

 

 

 

May not exceed $50 (except for properly receipted filing fees)

 

Permitted, with itemization

 

Expenditures in excess of $50 must be made by written instrument with name of donor and payee.

 

 

California

 

Prohibited

 

Permitted, but may not be made for purpose of making independent expenditures to support or oppose other candidates

 

Prohibited

 

 

 

May not exceed $100

 

Permitted if credit is paid with campaign funds and expenses are related only to a political, legislative, or governmental purpose.

 

Must all be made from campaign account

 

 

Colorado

 

Prohibited

 

Prohibited, except candidate may transfer limited amount to candidate’s own new committee for another office

 

 

 

 

 

May not exceed $100

 

 

 

 

 

 

Connecticut

 

Honoraria may not be paid to elected public officials

 

 

Generally prohibited

 

Safe investments are authorized

 

Certain specified amounts for particular purposes are authorized

 

May not exceed $100 from petty cash

 

 

 

 

             

 

Only the treasurer may incur a financial obligation. Expenditures must be made by check drawn on the designated depository. Certain public expenditures prohibited during period leading up to election if features public official/candidate. Soft money contributions from national party committees banned.

 

 

Delaware

 

 

 

 

 

Prohibited

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

All expenditures must be made by candidate committee.

 

 

District of Columbia

 

 

 

Limited to maximum of $5,000 to any one political committee in any one election

 

 

 

 

 

Must be $50 or less to any one person in connection with a single transaction, and must be fully documented

 

 

 

No expenditures may be made when there is a vacancy in the office of treasurer. Expenditures must be made by check drawn on the designated depository.

 

 

Florida

 

Prohibited

 

Permitted under certain specified circumstances, but legislative leadership committees and fund transfers prohibited.

 

Prohibited

 

 

 

Must be less than $30 petty cash, and may not be used to pay for the purchase of time, space, or services from the communications media

 

Permitted for statewide candidates and statewide committees for travel-related expenditures with specific restrictions

 

Treasurer must be appointed before making expenditures. All expenditures must be through treasurer, on a bank check drawn on the campaign depository, and contain certain specified information. Unopposed candidates are limited in the expenditures they may make once they become unopposed. No expenditures may be made to or by a person speaking in furtherance of the person’s candidacy at a public meeting.

 

 

Georgia

 

Prohibited

 

Permitted with excess funds

 

 

 

 

 

Permitted with recorded information

 

Credit card expenditures permitted

 

Expenditures can only be made to defray ordinary and necessary expenses incurred in connection with the candidate’s campaign for elective office or for fulfillment or retention of the office.

 

 

Guam

 

 

 

Restricted to certain ticket purchases or joint expenditures

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hawaii

 

Prohibited

 

Not more than two fundraiser tickets; prohibited to transfer to federal races

 

 

 

 

 

All such expenditures must be reported

 

Permitted

 

Expenditures require the treasurer's written authorization. Loans are limited to an aggregate of $10,000, and must be fully repaid to accept more.

 

 

Idaho

 

Prohibited

 

 

 

Not prohibited

 

 

 

 

              

 

 

 

Permitted

 

Expenditures may not be made in a manner that conceals the identity of the individual or organization making the payment. Each expenditure of $25 or more must be vouched for by a receipt or canceled check.

 

 

Illinois

 

Specific list of activities prohibited.

 Campaign funds may not be used for the aggrandizement of any committee member or campaign worker upon dissolution

 

Investments such as certificates of deposit, stocks, securities, and mutual fund are specifically authorized

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No expenditure may be made when there is a vacancy in the office of chair or treasurer. Expenditures must be authorized by the chair, treasurer, or their designated agents. Public funds may not be used for political purposes.

 

 

Indiana

 

Prohibited

 

 

 

Not prohibited

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Expenditures may not be made in the absence of a treasurer. Each expenditure of $25 or more must be vouched for by proof of payment and a record of particulars. Special disclaimer required for certain independent expenditures.

 

 

Iowa

 

Only if directly related to campaign, and not for candidate or family member. Entertainment of campaign volunteers is permitted.

 

Prohibited unless committee of the same candidate

 

 

 

 

 

Prohibited; all expenditures must be by check

 

Permitted with clear disclosure

 

An expenditure may not be made by the treasurer or treasurer's designee without the approval of the chairman of the committee or the candidate.

 

 

Kansas

 

 

 

Candidate funds cannot be contributed to another candidate’s campaign

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

An expenditure cannot be made by a treasurer unless all required reports or statements have been filed.

 

 

Kentucky

 

Prohibited

 

Prohibited

 

 

 

 

 

Expenditures of $25 or more must be made by check

 

 

 

No candidate may pay money or other thing of value for a person's vote or support.

 

 

Louisiana

 

May not be used, loaned, or pledged by any person for any personal use, except replacement of articles lost, stolen, or damaged in connection with a campaign

 

Permitted

 

Generally permitted except with respect to stock market investments; money market mutual funds specifically permitted

 

Certain restrictions on election day transportation payments

 

Cash expenditures of up to $100 may be made from petty cash for items other than personal services and voter transportation if complete records are maintained

 

 

 

Expenditures made in the name of others are implicitly prohibited. No expenditures may be made from funds received from an anonymous source. Except for petty cash, all expenditures must be made by check drawn on the primary campaign depository, made payable to a specific person for specific purposes. No expenditures in exchange for endorsement or support.

 

 

Maine

 

 

 

Permitted

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Treasurer must be appointed before making expenditures. No expenditures for liquor to be distributed or consumed by voters while polls open.

 

 

Maryland

 

 

 

Certain transfers of up to $6,000 and unlimited transfers between certain committees are expressly permitted.

 

 

 

Generally prohibited

 

 

 

May not exceed $25 per single recipient from regulated petty cash fund

 

All non-petty cash disbursements must be made by check from a designated campaign depository, but an exception with special reimbursement provisions.

 

 

Massachusetts

 

Prohibited

 

Limited to $100 and $1,500 in aggregate.

 Committees organized on behalf of statewide candidates may not contribute to any other candidate or political action committee.

 No transfer from a federal officeholder’s federal committee into that person’s state committee

 

 

Candidate or committee funds may only be placed in savings or money market accounts to earn interest

 

 

 

May not exceed $50

 

May not use for cash advance or loans

 Wire disbursements permitted under limited circumstances

 

All expenditures of more than $50 by statewide, county, and certain municipal candidates must be by check drawn on the designated depository and must be signed by the recipient under oath.

 No expenditures may be made unless funds exist to support them.

 

 

Michigan

 

 

 

Prohibited

 

Funds in a candidate committee account may not be invested in the stock market, commodities, mutual funds, or land contracts

 

 

 

May not exceed $50

 

Permitted

 

No expenditures permitted until a treasurer is designated. Expenditures of anonymous contributions may only be to a tax-exempt charitable institution (or, in the case of a judicial candidate, to the state bar client security fund). Expenditures by agents or independent contractors must be reported as committee expenditures. Public funds may not be spent for gifts; salaries or wages in excess of $5,000 per month; items clearly worth less than the payments; a defense fund; solicitation of non-exempt funds; or repayment of a loan. Limits on candidate ticket purchases for other candidate fundraisers ($100 per candidate/year).

 

 

Minnesota

 

 

 

Prohibited, except when a candidate dissolves a committee (can then make contribution to another principal campaign committee). Applies also to a transfer to federal, local, and out-of-state candidate committees.

 

Apparently permitted

 

 

 

Petty cash expenditures limited to $100 per week for statewide elections; $20 per week for legislative elections

 

Permitted

 

Expenditures of more than $20 require written authorization of the treasurer or deputy treasurer of the committee or fund. No expenditures may be made for certain material items to influence voting or non-voting. Corporate expenditures are generally limited to ballot question campaigns.

 

 

Mississippi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Missouri

 

Prohibited

 

Prohibited for disposition of exploratory committee’s funds

 

Permitted

 

 

 

Single cash expenditures from petty cash fund may not exceed $50; aggregate calendar year expenditures may not exceed the lesser of 10% of the committee’s total calendar year expenditures or $5,000.

 

 

 

Each expenditure of more than $50 must be by check drawn on the committee’s depository and signed by the treasurer. No expenditure may be made or incurred in a fictitious name, in the name of another, or by or through someone in such a manner as to conceal the identity of the actual recipient and the purpose of the expenditure.

 

 

Montana

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Petty cash fund may pay for office supplies, transportation expenses, postage stamps, and other necessities of less than $25, but may not be used for purchase of time, space, or services from any communications medium

 

 

 

Expenditures are to be made from the designated primary depository and primary depositories. Non-petty-cash expenditures are to be made by check.

 

 

Nebraska

 

 

 

Contribution or independent expenditure by a candidate committee to another candidate committee is prohibited except for a fundraising event and transfer of unexpended funds after termination of the candidate's committee

 

Permitted for investments authorized by state law for the state investment officer

 

 

 

Must be $50 or less

 

 

 

Corporations, labor unions, or industry, trade, or professional associations may make expenditures and provide personal services without becoming a committee, but must file a report of expenditures, unless exempted. These organizations may not make expenditures to their PACs, but may make expenditures for the establishment and administration of the fund.

 

 

Nevada

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

New Hampshire

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Political committee member may not make or permit an unlawful expenditure. Expenditure for use of contributions for political advertising cannot be more or less than applicable rates filed with the Secretary of State.

 

 

New Jersey

 

Prohibited

 

Prohibited

 

 

 

Permitted. Funds received and payments made are not reportable contributions or expenditures if individual is not a “candidate.”

 

Payment by check required

 

 

 

No expenditure may be made anonymously, in a fictitious name, or in the name of another. Anonymous contributions must be returned to the donor if known; if not known, to the state. A political party may not expend money to aid a candidate for national convention delegate, party position, or nomination for public office as a party candidate.

 

 

New Mexico

 

Prohibited

 

Permitted

 

Interest-earning investments permitted

 

 

 

Disbursements must be by check to named payee, except petty cash fund of $100 or less permitted

 

 

 

Political party may not use contributions to aid party candidate in primary against other candidates of same party. Permitted expenditures also include reasonable office-related expenditures of legislators, donations to general fund or § 170(b)(1)(A) organization, and expenditures to eliminate campaign debts of candidate for same or other office. Contributions solicited for or received in federal election campaign may not be used in state election campaign.

 

 

New York

 

 

 

 

 

Investment in income-producing sources permitted

 

 

 

$100 or less permitted; otherwise by check

 

 

 

Anonymous contributions may not be used or expended, but must be paid over to the state. Political party may not make expenditures to aid a party primary candidate.

 

 

North Carolina

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No media expenditures in cash. Non-media expenditures (except postage) limited to $50.

 

 

 

 

 

 

North Dakota

 

Judicial candidates may not permit use of campaign funds for private  benefit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Payments to influence an editorial position advocating or opposing a candidate are prohibited. Use of state property or services for political purposes is prohibited.

 

 

Northern
Mariana
Islands

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ohio

 

Prohibited

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Prohibited; if over $25, must be vouched for by receipted bill

 

 

 

Special expenditure limits apply to primary and general elections involving judicial candidates

 

 

Oklahoma

 

Prohibited

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Prohibited if over $50

 

 

 

Non-profit corporation to promote social, educational, or political ideas can make independent expenditure. No state official may authorize the expenditure of public funds to support or oppose an initiative or referendum.

 

 

Oregon

 

Excess contributions may not be converted to personal use

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pennsylvania

 

 

 

Expenditure from candidate’s committee to other political committees permitted

 

 

 

 

 

Vouchers for all expenditures over $25 must be retained

 

 

 

Candidate or political committee may not disburse money received from an anonymous source. Anonymous contributions must be turned over to the state treasurer.

 

 

Puerto Rico

 

 

 

Generally prohibited

 

 

 

Special provisions for voter transportation funds

 

 

 

 

 

Special requirements apply to expenditures for media advertising by parties and candidates for governor receiving public funding

 

 

Rhode Island

 

Prohibited

 

Campaign funds not used for the expenses of gaining or holding public office may be donated to a candidate for public office, a public organization, or a PAC, subject to the statutory limitations on contributions, or transferred in whole or in part to a newly established PAC.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Permitted

 

Public funds may not be used to pay for broadcast or distribution of photograph or voice of elected official who is a candidate during 120 days before election.

 

 

South Carolina

 

Prohibited

 

Candidate may not contribute to or make an independent expenditure on behalf of another candidate

 

 

 

 

 

Expenditures over $25 must be by written instrument. Petty cash fund may not exceed $100 and cash expenditure may not exceed $25.

 

 

 

Expenditure must not be clearly in excess of market value.

 

 

South Dakota

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tennessee

 

Transfer of funds or assets from candidate’s campaign committee for federal election  to campaign committee of or for the candidate in an election the state prohibited.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Texas

 

 

 

 

 

Permitted

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

An expenditure made in name of or on behalf of another prohibited unless there is disclosure. Expenditure of unlawful contributions prohibited. Payments from contributions to purchase real property prohibited. Making or authorization of a contribution in the Capitol is prohibited.

 

 

Utah

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Labor organization may use union dues only to communicate with members about political issues . Labor organization may make expenditures for political activities only through a separate segregated fund. Expenditures made directly or indirectly for a state office candidate must be made through the candidate’s personal campaign committee. Newspapers and periodicals may not be paid to influence an election except thru a ‘paid advertisement.’

 

 

Vermont

 

 

 

 

 

Investment in short-term note permitted

 

 

 

Expenditures by a candidate who has made expenditures or received contributions of $500 or more and by a political committee must be paid by the treasurer by a check from a single checking account

 

 

 

State executive and legislative office candidates may voluntarily agree in an election not to exceed the statutory limits on total expenditures for the office involved

 

 

Virgin Islands

 

 

 

Unlimited to other candidate-related committees

 

 

 

 

 

 

Prohibited except for petty-cash expenditure not exceeding $100

 

 

 

 

 

 

Virginia

 

Prohibited

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Petty cash expenditures of less than $100 permitted; otherwise, only by check

 

Permitted

 

Can transfer funds to interest-bearing account or instrument. Expenditures made on behalf of a candidate, except independent expenditures, must be reported to a candidate's campaign treasurer.

 

 

Washington

 

Contributions may be transferred to someone or expended for his or her personal use for reimbursement for loans to cover lost earnings while campaigning or performing services for the political committee and for direct out-of-pocket expenses or for repayment of loans made to political committee

 

Prohibited except for transfer of surplus funds to a political party or caucus of the legislature

 

Candidates and committees may invest campaign funds in bonds, certificates, tax-exempt securities or savings accounts, or other similar instruments in financial institutions or in mutual funds.

 

 

 

Must be $50 or less if no receipt

 

 

 

An expenditure may not be incurred in a fictitious name, anonymously, or by one person through another so as to effect concealment. Accumulated anonymous contributions in excess of limit may not be expended and must be returned to donor, if known, or to the state. A candidate or political committee that encourages any person to make a reportable contribution on its behalf is deemed to have made the expenditure. Contribution may not be used without approval of contributor to further a candidacy for an office other than the office designated in statement of organization of candidate committee.

 

 

West Virginia

 

Use of excess campaign assets for personal economic benefit prohibited

 

Excess campaign assets may be distributed to other committees

 

 

 

Payment to campaign election workers must be by check

 

Payments to campaign  election workers and paid staff must be by check

 

 

 

Anonymous contribution may not be expended, but must be donated to the state general revenue fund. Payment for newspaper or periodical endorsement prohibited.

 

 

Wisconsin

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wyoming

 

Candidate for judicial office may not use contributions for private benefit of others

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Money may not be expended on behalf of a candidate without the candidate's prior written approval. A political party may not expend funds to aid the nomination of one person against another person of the same party in a primary election. Campaign literature or advertising (except small campaign items) may not be paid for unless sponsoring candidate, organization, or committee is identified.

 

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