ANNUAL INDEX 1998

How to Use This Index

Use the alphabetical links (below) to locate the articles that interest you. Each article listing includes a numerical citation linked to the appropriate issue of the Record. The first number in each citation refers to the "number" (month) of the 1998 Record issue in which the article appeared. The second number, following the colon, indicates the page number in that issue. For example, "1:4" means that the article is in the January issue on page 4. When you click on a citation, you'll download a PDF version of the selected Record issue. (NOTE: To view or print PDF documents, you'll need to dowload free Adobe Acrobat Reader software.)

 

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B

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D

E

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G

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I

J

K

L

M

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P

Q

R

S

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U

V

W

X

Y

Z

800 Line

 A

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Administrative Complaints

FEC's alleged failure to take action on

--Akins v. FEC, 7:1

--Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee v. FEC, (97-5160, 97-5161), 6:4

--Hollenbeck v. FEC, 4:4; 9:4

--Natural Law Party v. FEC (98-1025), 6:3

--Perot '96, Inc., v. FEC (98-1022), 6:3

--Republican National Committee v. FEC (97-1552), 6:4

--Stockman v. FEC, 5:3

FEC's dismissal of

--Gottlieb v. FEC, 7:4

--Judicial Watch, Inc., v. FEC, 4:4; 9:3

Administrative Procedures Act

Alleged violation of, in response to decision in Maine Right to Life Committee v. FEC, 4:6

Advances

Refunded to candidate after initially reported as in-kind contribution, AO 1997-21, 6:5

To staff for transportation, travel and campaign expenses, found excessive, Perot '96 audit, 2:1

See also: Loans

Advisory Opinions (AOs)

Alternative disposition of Advisory Opinion Requests (AORs), AOR 1997-24, 6:6; AOR 1998-5, 6:6; AOR 1998-6, 6:6; AOR 1998-13, 11:9

Summaries of AOs

--1997-18: Status of committee as local party committee, 1:14

--1997-21: Refund to candidate who had made contribution to own campaign, 6:5

--1997-22: Communicating membership corporation's endorsements of federal candidates to members and their restricted classes, 1:14

--1997-25: Affiliation of corporate SSFs after reorganization, 3:5

--1997-26: Establishment of nonconnected PAC by individuals affiliated with trade association, 3:7

--1997-27: Use of campaign funds to pay legal expenses, 4:7

--1997-28: Reinstatement of terminated candidate committee to retire debt to candidate, 4:8

--1997-29: Status as state committee of political party, 4:8

--1998-1: Use of campaign funds to pay legal expenses, 4:8

--1998-2: Status as national committee of political party; status of affiliated state parties as state committees of political party, 4:10

--1998-3: Status as state committee of political party, 4:11

--1998-4: Use of contributor lists from FEC reports for marketing application of "data mining" technologies to campaign finance, 6:5

--1998-7: Exemption for party office building fund and construction of state party office facilities and parking lot, 7:8

--1998-8: Preemption of Iowa law prohibiting corporate contributions to party building fund, 7:9

--1998-9: Generic party expenditures made in connection with special election, 7:9

--1998-11: Contributions made and nonconnected PAC established by California limited liability company that owns or is federal contractor, 11:6

--1998-12: Status of employee stockholders as part of restricted class, 9:4

--1998-14: Acceptance of contributions from residents of Pacific Island nations covered under Compact of Free Association, 10:4

--1998-15: Contribution limits of limited liability company in Illinois, 11:7

--1998-16: Corporate payment of security for executive conducting activity on behalf of nonconnected committee, 10:5

--1998-17: Application of press exemption to free 30-second spot time slots offered by cable broadcasting system to candidate campaigns, 11:8

--1998-18: Payment for testing-the-waters poll for individual who did not become candidate, 11:8

--1998-19: Solicitation of credit union members for PAC of federation of credit union trade associations, 12:5

--1998-20: Application of contribution limits to fundrasing for repayment to U.S. Treasury, 12:5

--1998-21: Allocation ratio for Senate campaign committee'sadministrative and generic voter drive expenses, 12:6

--1998-24: Status as state committee of political party, 12:6

--1998-25: Contributions forwarded by connected organization to union PAC after held in escrow for 30-plus days, 12:7

Affiliation

Between corporate SSFs after reorganization, AO 1997-25, 3:5

Aikens, Joan D.

Chairman's message, 1:1

Elected FEC chairman, 1998 term, 1:2

Former seat on Commission filled by David Mason, 9:1

Retires from Commission, 10:1

Akins, James E.

_____ v. FEC, 7:1

_____ v. FEC, issues of standing related to Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee v. FEC, (97-5160, 97-5161), 6:4

Democratic National Committee v. FEC (97-676), remanded to FEC in light of decision in, 9:3

Al Salvi for Senate Committee

FEC v. _____, 4:4; 10:2

Allocation

Democratic National Committee's improper use of nonfederal funds alleged, Republican National Committee v. FEC (97-1552), 6:4

Improper use of nonfederal funds for voter drive, FEC v. California Democratic Party, 8:5

Misreporting expenses, MUR 4215, 6:7

Regulations on party committee expenditures for issue advertisements, alleged unconstitutional

--Ohio Democratic Party v. FEC, 6:2; 8:5

--Republican National Committee v. FEC (98-1207 (WBB)), 6:1; 8:5

--Republican National Committee v. FEC (98-5263), 11:1

Use of alternative allocation formula for 1998 election expenses, impermissible, AO 1998-21, 12:6

American Heritage Party of Washington

AO 1998-24, 12:6

American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC)

Akins v. FEC, 7:1

Amway

Payment of executive security personnel for president, AO 1998-16, 10:5

Ashland, Inc.

AO 1998-12, 9:4

Association of Metropolitan Sewerage Agencies

AO 1997-26, 3:7

Audits

Dr. John Hagelin for President, 1996, 7:11

Final reports issued in 1997 and 1998, 10:5

Perot '96, 2:1

 

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Becker, Michael

Hollenbeck v. FEC, 4:4

"Best Efforts"

See: Contributor Information

Bius, W. Ben

AO 1997-28, 4:8

Boehm, Bill

Former Member of Office of Election Administration Advisory Panel, 3:3

Boehner, John

AO 1997-27, 4:7

Boos, Michael

Testimony on proposed member regulations, 6:9

Bopp, James Jr.

Testimony on proposed member regulations, 6:9

Building Fund (Party)

Iowa Democratic Party, AO 1998-8, 7:9

Pennsylvania Democratic Party, AO 1998-7, 7:8

Business Council of Alabama

Communication of endorsements of federal candidates to members, AO 1997-22, 1:14

 

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Cable Television Stations

See: Media

California Democratic Party

FEC v. _____, 8:5

California Reform Party Congressional Committee

Does not qualify as local party committee, AO 1997-18, 1:14

Candidate

Endorsements of, by membership corporation, communicated to members and their restricted classes, AO 1997-22, 1:14

Refund to, AO 1997-21, 6:5

Chamber of Commerce of the United States v. FEC

Cited in Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for qualifications of member, 1:4; 3:1; 6:9

Membership of AIPAC supporters, cited in Akins v. FEC, 7:1

Choate, Pat

Vice-presidential nominee of Reform Party in 1996 election, AO 1998-2, 4:10

Christian Coalition

Democratic National Committee v. FEC (97-676), 9:3

Cleary, Charlotte

Appointed to Office of Election Administration 1998 Advisory Panel, 3:3

Clemens, Claire

Hollenbeck v. FEC, 4:4

Clifton

_____ v. FEC

--certiorari denied, 4:5

--electioneering message provisions of voter guide regulations ruled invalid, 7:4

Clinton, Bill

Administration traded foreign trade missions for campaign donations, alleged, Judicial Watch, Inc., v. FEC, 4:4; 9:3

Presidential committee is defendant, National Committee of the Reform Party v. FEC, 1:2; 4:4

Proposal to ban soft money, 8:1

Collecting Agent

Federation of trade associations may act as, AO 1998-19, 12:5

Commerce, U.S. Department of

Judicial Watch, Inc., v. FEC, 4:4; 9:3

Commission on Presidential Debates

Natural Law Party v. FEC (98-1025), 6:3

Perot '96, Inc., v. FEC (97-2554) and (98-1022), 6:3

Compact of Free Association with the United States

AO 1998-14, 10:4

Compliance
See also: Enforcement

Penalties Assessed

--American Family Life Assurance Company, MUR 4704, 3:1

--Bahl, Satish, MUR 4582, 9:6

--Crotty, E. William, MUR 4790, 11:6

--Espy, Henry, MUR 4704, 3:1

--Espy, Mike, MURs 4617, 7:6, and 4704, 3:1

--FEC v. Charles Woods for U.S. Senate, 3:3

--FEC v. National Medical Political Action Committee, 7:5

--Friends of Steve Stockman, MUR 3847, 8:8

--Greenberg, Traurig, Hoffman, Lipoff, Rosen & Quentel, P.A., MUR 4638, 3:2

--Lally, Grant, MUR 4128/4362, 7:6

--Michigan Democratic State Central Committee, MUR 4215, 6:7

--National Council of Senior Citizens, MUR 4116, 8:9

--New York State Democratic Committee, MUR 4608, 4:5

--Ramamurthy, S.V., MUR 4582, 9:6

--Sun-Land Products of California, MUR 4772, 11:6

--TWEEZERMAN and Dal LaMagna, MUR 4340/4685, 12:1

--United Parcel Service PAC, MUR 3770, 4:5

--Wahi, Vinay, MUR 4582, 9:6

See also: Nonfilers

Conferences/Workshops

FEC regional conferences, 1:15; 2:3; 3:8; 4:11

Constitutional Issues

Allocation regulations governing party committee expenditures for issue advertisements

--Ohio Democratic Party v. FEC, 6:2; 8:5

--Republican National Committee v. FEC (98-1207 (WBB)), 6:1; 8:5

--Republican National Committee v. FEC (98-5263), 11:1

Appointment of Commissioners, petition for rulemaking denied, 3:2

Debate regulations

--Natural Law Party v. FEC (98-1025), 6:3

--Perot '96, Inc., v. FEC (98-1022), 6:3

Express advocacy

--petition for rulemaking denied, 4:6

--Right to Life of Dutchess County, Inc., v. FEC, 7:3

Presidential Election Campaign Fund Act, Federal Election Campaign Act challenged, National Committee of the Reform Party v. FEC, 1:2; 4:4

Presidential Primary Matching Payment Account Act, Judd v. FEC, 6:5; 10:2

Contributions

Held in escrow account by order of federal courts, AO 1998-25, 12:7

Limits

--for limited liability company

See: Limited Liability Company

--single limit per election cycle, legislative recommendation, 4:1

Traded for government favors, alleged, Judicial Watch, Inc., v. FEC, 4:4; 9:3

Contributions, Prohibited

Corporate treasury funds

See: Corporations

Excessive

--alleged, FEC v. Freedom's Heritage Forum, 10:2

--cannot be collected to repay public funding for presidential campaign, AO 1998-20, 12:5

--Crotty, E. William, MUR 4790, 11:6

--Lally, Grant, MUR 4128/4362, 7:6

--National Council of Senior Citizens PAC, MUR 4116, 8:9

Foreign sources

--citizens of Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia and Republic of Palau (signers of the Compact of Free Association with the United States), prohibited from giving to federal elections, AO 1998-14, 10:4

--Greenberg, Traurig, Hoffman, Lipoff, Rosen & Quentel, P.A., MUR 4638, 3:2

--Kramer, Thomas, MUR 4638, 3:2

In the name of another

--American Family Life Assurance Company, MUR 4704, 3:1

--clients of Lalit Gadhia, MUR 4582, 9:6

Contributor Information

Failure to disclose, Perot '96 audit, 2:1

Use of contributor lists for marketing "data mining" technologies, AO 1998-4, 6:5

Conventions

Legislative change to impact funding of, 7:1

Coordinated Expenditures

See: Expenditures, Coordinated; Political Committee

Coordination

Communications, with candidates, National Council of Senior Citizens PAC, MUR 4116, 8:9

Corporate/Labor Communications

Communicating membership corporation's endorsements of federal candidates to members and their restricted classes, AO 1997-22, 1:14

Corporations

Treasury funds, alleged illegal use of

--American Family Life Assurance Company, MUR 4704, 3:1

--FEC v. Charles Woods for U.S. Senate, 3:2

--FEC v. Forbes, 11:2

--FEC v. Freedom's Heritage Forum, 10:2

--FEC v. Friends of Jane Harman, 11:3

--Friends of Steve Stockman, MUR 3847, 8:8

--Greenberg, Traurig, Hoffman, Lipoff, Rosen & Quentel, P.A., in connection with Thomas Kramer, MUR 4638, 3:2

--Sun-Land Products of California, MUR 4772, 11:6

--TWEEZERMAN, MUR 4340/4685, 12:1

Treasury funds used for payment of security personnel, AO 1998-16, 10:5

See also: Member; Membership Association

Court Cases

Appeals status, 1:3; 4:5; 8:7

FEC v. _____

--Al Salvi for Senate Committee, 4:4; 10:2

--California Democratic Party, 8:5

--Charles Woods for U.S. Senate, 3:3

--Forbes, 11:2

--Freedom's Heritage Forum, 10:2

--Friends of Jane Harman, 11:3

--National Medical Political Action Committee, 1:3; 7:5

--Williams, 1:3

_____ v. FEC

--Akins, 7:1

--Clifton, 4:5; 7:4

--Democratic National Committee (97-676), 9:3

--Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee (97-5160, 97-5161), 6:4; 8:7

--Fulani (97-1466), 8:6

--Gottlieb, 7:4

--Hollenbeck, 4:4; 9:4

--Judd, 6:5; 10:2

--Judicial Watch, Inc., 4:4; 9:3

--National Committee of the Reform Party, 1:2; 4:4

--Natural Law Party (98-1025), 6:3

--Ohio Democratic Party, 6:2; 8:5

--Perot '96, Inc., (97-2554), 6:3

--Perot '96, Inc., (98-1022), 6:3

--Republican National Committee (97-1552), 6:4

--Republican National Committee (98-1207 (WBB)), 6:1; 8:5

--Republican National Committee (98-5263), 11:1

--Right to Life of Dutchess County, Inc., 7:3; 9:3

--Stockman, 5:3

Standing

--lack of, Gottlieb v. FEC, 7:4

--lack of, Hollenbeck v. FEC, 9:4

--plaintiffs demonstrate, Akins v. FEC, 7:1

--plaintiffs demonstrate, Judicial Watch v. FEC, 9:3

--remand to district court to decide, Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee v. FEC, (97-5160, 97-5161), 6:4

Credit Cards

Prohibited contribution, WTVY-FM, FEC v. Charles Woods for U.S. Senate, 3:3

Credit Union National Association

AO 1998-19, 12:5

 

 

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Daniels Cablevision, Inc.

AO 1998-17, 11:8

David, Keith

Testimony at reporting and recordkeeping public hearing, 4:6

Debates

Challenge to regulations

--Natural Law Party v. FEC (98-1025), 6:3

--Perot '96, Inc., v. FEC (97-2554), 6:3

--Perot '96, Inc., v. FEC (98-1022), 6:3

Debt

Reinstatement of terminated candidate committee to retire debt to candidate, AO 1997-28, 4:8

Democratic National Committee

Allegedly colluded with Commission on Presidential Debates

--Natural Law Party v. FEC (98-1025), 6:3

--Perot '96, Inc., v. FEC (98-1022), 6:3

Allegedly used impermissible funds for media campaign on health care legislative proposals, Republican National Committee v. FEC (97-1552), 6:4

_____ v. FEC (97-676), 9:3

Judicial Watch, Inc., v. FEC, 4:4; 9:3

National Committee of the Reform Party v. FEC, 1:2; 4:4

Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee

_____ v. FEC (97-5160, 97-5161), 6:3

Point of entry for disclosure reports changed to Secretary of Senate, 1:11

DeVos, Richard M., Jr.

Use of corporate executive security personnel in conducting nonconnected PAC business, AO 1998-16

Disclaimers

Failure to include, alleged

--FEC v. Freedom's Heritage Forum, 10:2

--Friends of Steve Stockman, MUR 3847, 8:8

--National Council of Senior Citizens PAC, MUR 4116, 8:9

--TWEEZERMAN, MUR 4340/4685, 12:1

Wording on advertisements offered free by cable company, AO 1998-17, 11:8

Dole, Bob

Presidential committee is defendant, National Committee of the Reform Party v. FEC, 1:2; 4:4

Douglass, Eugene F.

AO 1998-14, 10:4

 

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Election Administration

Appointments to 1998 Advisory Panel, 3:3

Elections

Special

--California (House, 9th district), 3:9

--California (House, 22nd district), 1:12

--California (House, 44th district), 3:9

--disbursements in connection with, AO 1998-9, 7:9

--New Mexico (House, 1st district), 5:3

--New York (House, 6th district), 2:4

--Pennsylvania (House, 1st district), 1:13

Electronic Filing

Contributor search feature, 9:2

Direct modem transmission of reports, 4:1

Enhanced version of software, 4:1

Implementation of, 1:1

Last-minute contributions search feature, 11:5

Legislative recommendation to require, 4:1

Requirement for publicly funded presidential candidates, regulations, 7:7; 10:3; 12:1

Survey, assessment of potential for, 2:2

Use of, 4:2; 9:2

Electronics Communications Privacy Act

Use of campaign funds to pay for legal expenses in response to alleged violations of, AO 1997-27, 4:7

Enforcement
See also: Compliance

FEC's exclusive jurisdiction over civil enforcement, unconstitutional, alleged, National Committee of the Reform Party v. FEC, 1:2; 4:4

See also: Compliance

Espy, Henry

MUR 4704, 3:1

Espy, Mike

MUR 4617, 7:6

MUR 4704, 3:1

Excess Campaign Funds

Use of campaign funds to pay legal expenses

--AO 1997-27, 4:7

--AO 1998-1, 4:8

Expenditures

Coordinated

--disbursements for communications in special election, AO 1998-9, 7:9

--limits exceeded, alleged, National Committee of the Reform Party v. FEC, 1:2; 4:4

See also: Independent Expenditures

Exploratory Committee

See: Testing the Waters

Express Advocacy

Disbursements for communications containing, AO 1998-9, 7:9

Petition for rulemaking denied, 4:6

Regulations ruled unconstitutional, Right to Life of Dutchess County, Inc., v. FEC, 7:3; 9:3

 

 

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FEC Faxline

Availability of documents and publications, 1:1

Menu of documents, 3:9; 4:14; 5:6; 7:13; 12:8

FEC v. Christian Action Network

Cited in express advocacy rulemaking petition, 4:6

FEC v. Colorado Republican Federal Campaign Committee

Cited in budget testimony, 5:1

FEC v. Furgatch

Cited in express advocacy rulemaking petition, 4:6

FEC v. Massachusetts Citizens for Life

Cited in express advocacy rulemaking petition, 4:6

FEC v. National Right to Work Committee

Cited in Notice of Proposed Rulemaking on definition of member, 1:4

Federal Communications Commission

Equal opportunity provisions, AO 1998-17, 11:8

Federal Election Campaign Act

Amended, 1:11

Legislative recommendations to amend, 4:1

Federal Election Commission

Authority to petition Supreme Court or certiorari, legislative recommendation, 4:1

Authority to craft allocation regulations, exceeded

--Ohio Democratic Party v. FEC, 6:2; 8:5

--Republican National Committee v. FEC (98-1207 (WBB)), 6:1; 8:5

--Republican National Committee v. FEC (98-5263), 11:1

Budget request for fiscal year 1999, 5:1

Commissioners

--Chairman's message, 1:1

--length of term amended, 1:11

--officers elected, 1:2

--retirement, Joan D. Aikens, 10:1

--retirement, John Warren McGarry, 9:1

Composition

--petition for rulemaking to amend, denied, 3:2

--unconstitutional, alleged, National Committee of the Reform Party v. FEC, 1:2; 4:4

Staff

--appointment of interim staff director, 8:10

--resignation of staff director, 8:1

Survey of customers, 8:1

Telephone numbers, new, 3:12

Federal Register

Notices, 1:6; 2:3; 3:8; 4:5; 6:4; 7:8; 8:3; 10:6; 11:6; 12:7

Federated States of Micronesia

Contributions from citizens of, AO 1998-14, 10:4

Firebaugh, Emily

AO 1997-21, 6:5

Fitzgerald, Peter

AO 1998-15, 11:7

Forbes, Malcolm S. "Steve" Jr.

FEC v. _____, 11:2

Foreign Nationals

See: Contributions, Prohibited

Freedom's Heritage Forum

FEC v. _____, 10:2

Fulani, Lenora B.

AO 1998-20, 12:5

_____ v. FEC, 8:6

Repayment determination of 1992 campaign

--stay lifted, 11:10

--stayed, 1:14

Fundraising

See: Solicitations

 

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General Election Legal and Accounting Compliance Funds (GELAC)

Alleged impermissible transfer of public funding to, Gottlieb v. FEC, 7:4

General Motors Corp.

AO 1997-25, 3:5

Gingrich, Newt

AO 1997-27, 4:7

Gold, Laurence

Testimony on proposed member regulations, 6:9

Gottlieb, Alan

_____ v. FEC, 7:4

Green Party of New Mexico

AO 1997-29, 4:8


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Hardy, Timothy

FEC v. Freedom's Heritage Forum, 10:2

Harman, Jane

FEC v. Friends of Jane Harman, 11:3

Hawkins, Ernest R.

Appointed to Office of Election Administration 1998 Advisory Panel, 3:3

Hilliard, Earl F.

AO 1998-1, 4:8

Holding Companies

Ability to make contributions despite subsidiaries being federal contractors, AO 1998-11, 11:6

Hollenbeck, Thomas

_____ v. FEC, 4:4; 9:4

Hughes Aircraft Company

FEC v. Friends of Jane Harman, 11:3

Hughes Electronics Corp.

AO 1997-25, 3:5

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Independent Expenditures

Disbursements for communications in special election, AO 1998-9, 7:9

FEC v. Freedom's Heritage Forum, 10:2

Reports available on FEC web site, 11:5

Internet

Digitable images of reports on FEC web site, 2:1; 4:2; 11:5

Failure to include disclaimer on web site, MUR 4340/4685, 12:1

FEC web site, 1:1

Iowa Democratic Party

AO 1998-8, 7:9

Issue Advocacy

Allocation regulations governing party committee expenditures for, alleged unconstitutional

--Ohio Democratic Party v. FEC, 6:2; 8:5

--Republican National Committee v. FEC (98-1207 (WBB)), 6:1; 8:5

--Republican National Committee v. FEC (98-5263), 11:1

Conducted by Democratic National Committee and Republican National Committee in 1996 Presidential election, alleged illegal, National Committee of the Reform Party v. FEC, 1:2; 4:4

 

 

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Jacobs, Jerald A.

Testimony on proposed member regulations, 6:9

James Madison Center for Free Speech

Petition submitted to FEC pertaining to express advocacy, 4:6

Petition submitted to FEC pertaining to qualified nonprofit corporations, 1:5; 7:8

Judd, Keith

_____ v. FEC, 6:5, 10:2

Judicial Watch, Inc.

_____ v. FEC, 4:4; 9:3

 

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Kramer, Thomas

Law firm solicited prohibited foreign national contributions from, MUR 4638, 3:2

 

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Labor Organizations

Forwarding contributions held in escrow, AO 1998-25, 12:7

Laborers International Union of North America

AO 1998-25, 12:7

Lally, Grant

MUR 4128/4362, 7:6

LaMagna, Dal

MUR 4340/4685, 12:1

Legislation

Budget request for fiscal year 1999, 5:1

FEC recommendations for amendments to Federal Election Campaign Act, 4:1

Lenhard, Robert

Testimony on proposed member regulations, 6:9

Limited Liability Company

California, AO 1998-11, 11:6

Illinois, AO 1998-15, 11:7

Loans

Acceptance of excessive, Hollenbeck v. FEC, 4:4; 9:4

Bridge loans, needed by 2000 Presidential primary campaigns, 1:13

Failure to disclose

See: Nonfilers

Reactivation of campaign committee in order to repay loan from candidate, AO 1997-28, 4:6

Repayment of candidate loan from bank, AO 1997-21, 6:5

Local Party Committee

California Reform Party Congressional Committee, does not qualify as, AO 1997-18, 1:14

Coordinated party expenditure limits, 1998 election cycle, 3:4

Lombard, Ed

Former member of Office of Election Administration Advisory Panel, 3:3

 

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Maine Right to Life Committee

Cited in petition for certiorari, Clifton v. FEC, 4:5

Cited in petition for rulemaking in response to decision in, 4:6

Major Purpose Test

See: Political Committee

Mansky, Joseph

Appointed to Office of Election Administration 1998 Advisory Panel, 3:3

Marshall Islands

Contributions from citizens of, AO 1998-14, 10:4

Mason, David M.

Confirmed as member of Commission, 9:1

Mason Tenders District Council of Greater New York

AO 1998-25, 12:7

Matters Under Review (MURs)

See: Compliance

McGarry, John Warren

Retires from Commission, 9:1

Media

Electronic

--Free air time for candidate advertisements, Daniels Cablevision, Inc., AO 1998-17, 11:8

Internet

See: Internet

Leaks to press by FEC staff unfounded, Stockman v. FEC, 5:3

Press exemption

--does not apply, alleged, FEC v. Forbes, 11:2

--does not apply to committee-produced newspapers, MUR 3847, 8:8

Member

Credit union members may be solicited by PAC of federation of credit union trade associations, AO 1998-19, 12:5

Regulations pertaining to

See: Regulations

Status as, Akins v. FEC, 7:1

Membership Association

Express advocacy communications

--Candidate endorsements made by, through members, to members' restricted classes, AO 1997-22, 1:14

--Right to Life of Dutchess County, Inc., v. FEC, 7:3; 9:3

Minnesota Citizens Concerned for Life v. FEC

Cited in Notice of Availability regarding qualified nonprofit corporations, 1:5

Minor Party Candidates

Discriminated against by FEC, alleged, National Committee of the Reform Party v. FEC, 1:2; 4:4

Reserve seats on Commission for, petition for rulemaking on, 3:2

 

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National Committee of the Reform Party

_____ v. FEC, 1:2; 4:4

Status as national committee, AO 1998-2, 4:10

National Council of Senior Citizens

MUR 4116, 8:9

National Medical Political Action Committee

FEC v. _____, 1:3; 7:5

National Republican Congressional Committee

Filed complaint against Dal LaMagna and TWEEZERMAN, MUR 4340/4685, 12:1

National Republican Senatorial Committee

Alleged to have impermissibly funded candidate activity, Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee v. FEC (97-5160, 97-5161), 6:4

Made expenditure for part of political communication on behalf of Friends of Steve Stockman, MUR 3847, 8:8

Point of entry for disclosure reports changed to Secretary of Senate, 1:11

Use of alternative allocation percentage of nonfederal funds for 1998 election expenses, impermissible, AO 1998-21, 12:6

Natural Law Party

_____ v. FEC (98-1025), 6:3

New York State Democratic Committee

MUR 4608, 4:5

News Story Exemption

See: Media

Nonconnected Committee

Establishment of, by affiliates of trade association, AO 1997-26, 3:7

Establishment of, by employees of federal contractor, AO 1998-11, 11:6

Nonfederal Funds (Soft Money)

Use of alternative allocation percentage for 1998 election expenses, impermissible, AO 1998-21, 12:6

See also: Regulations; Statistics

Nonfilers

Failure to file 48-hour notices

--FEC v. Al Salvi for Senate Committee, 4:4; 10:2

--FEC v. Charles Woods for U.S. Senate, 3:3

--LaMagna for Congress, MUR 4340/4685, 12:1

Failure to file in a timely manner

--FEC v. Al Salvi for Senate Committee, 4:4; 10:2

--FEC v. National Medical Political Action Committee, 1:3

Failure to file reports in 1998 election cycle, 4:6; 6:7; 7:7; 9:6; 10:3; 12:2

Notice of Proposed Rulemaking

See: Regulations

 

O

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Ohio Democratic Party

_____ v. FEC, 6:2; 8:5

Olson, William J.

Testimony on proposed member regulations, 6:9

 

 P

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Party Committee

Allocation

See: Allocation

Building fund

See: Building Fund (Party)

Coordinated Party Expenditures

--limits for 1998 election cycle, 3:4-5

Generic expenses, made in connection with special election, AO 1998-9, 7:9

Independent expenditures

See: Independent Expenditures

Local Committee

See: Local Party Committee

National Committee

--status as, Reform Party USA, AO 1998-2, 4:10

--See also: Democratic National Committee, Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee, National Republican Congressional Committee, National Republican Senatorial Committee, Republican National Committee

Senatorial campaign committees, point of entry, 1:11

Soft Money

See: Nonfederal Funds

State Committee

See: State Party Committee

See also: Statistics

Patriot Holdings

AO 1998-11, 11:6

Pehrkon, James A.

Named acting staff director of FEC, 8:10

Pennsylvania Democratic Party

AO 1998-7, 7:8

Perot, Ross

Audit, Perot '96, 2:1

National Committee of the Reform Party v. FEC, 1:2; 4:4

Presidential nominee of Reform Party in 1996 election, AO 1998-2, 4:10

Perot '96, Inc.

_____ v. FEC (97-2554), 6:3

_____ v. FEC (98-1022), 6:3

Personal Use of Campaign Funds

Legal expenses

--for lawsuit involving intercepted cellular telephone conversations, AO 1997-27, 4:7

--incurred in response to Independent Counsel investigation, MUR 4617, 7:6

--incurred in response to media allegations of wrongdoing, AO 1998-1, 4:8

Repayment determination, AO 1998-20, 12:5

Petitions for Rulemaking

See: Regulations

Place, John

National Committee of the Reform Party v. FEC, 1:2

Political Action Committee (PAC)

PACronyms, 1998 Edition, 11:2

See also: Separate Segregated Fund; Statistics

Political Committee

Failure to file as

--alleged, Akins v. FEC, 7:1

Major purpose test

--decision referred to FEC, Akins v. FEC, 7:1

Reactivation of

--Ben Bius Committee, AO 1997-28, 4:8

See also: Statistics

Political Party

See: Party Committee

Potter, Trevor

Former seat on Commission filled by David Mason, 9:1

Preemption

Preemption of Iowa law prohibiting corporate contributions to party building fund, AO 1998-8, 7:9

Presidential Campaign

Coordinated party expenditure limits exceeded by major party candidates, alleged, National Committee of the Reform Party v. FEC, 1:2; 4:4

See also: Audits; Public Funding; Statistics

Press Exemption

See: Media

PricewaterhouseCoopers

Conducting survey of FEC customers, 8:1

Publications

Annual Report 1997, 6:6

Campaign Guide For Corporations and Labor Organizations, 1997 edition, 1:16

Combined Federal/State Disclosure and Election Directory 1998, 5:1

Innovations in Election Administration 16: Using the Internet in Election Offices, 5:2

PACronyms, 1998 Edition, 11:2

Selected Court Case Abstracts, 11:2

Public Funding

Audits of recipients

See: Audits

Electronic filing requirement for publicly funded presidential candidates, 7:7; 10:3; 12:1

Presidential Election Campaign Fund Act

--legislative recommendations to amend, 4:1

--shortfall anticipated in 2000, 1:13; 7:1

--unconstitutional, alleged, National Committee of the Reform Party v. FEC, 1:2; 4:4

Presidential Primary Matching Payment Account Act

--receipt of excessive payments alleged, Gottlieb v. FEC, 7:4

--unconstitutional, alleged, Judd v. FEC, 6:5; 10:2

Qualified campaign expenses

--projected litigation expenses, disputed, Perot '96, 2:1

Repayments

--Lenora B. Fulani for President, 1:14; 8:6; 11:10

--paid with excessive contributions, impermissible, AO 1998-20, 12:5

--Perot '96, 2:1

See also: Audits

 

 

 Q

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Qualified Nonprofit Corporation

Regulations pertaining to

See: Regulations

Quinn River Ranch

FEC v. Charles Woods for U.S. Senate, 3:3

 R

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Raytheon Co.

AO 1997-25, 3:5

Reform Party

California Reform Party Congressional Committee, status as local party committee, AO 1997-18, 1:14

Entry in 2000 Presidential race, impact on public funding, 1:13

National Committee of the Reform Party v. FEC, 1:2; 4:4

Petition for rulemaking, denied, 3:2

Reform Party of Idaho, status as state committee of political party, 4:11

Status as national committee of political party; status of affiliated state parties as state committees of political party, AO 1998-2, 4:10

Regulations

Final Rules

--electronic filing by publicly funded presidential candidates, 10:3; 12:1

Notices of Availability

--expenditures by qualified nonprofit corporations, 1:5

Notices of Proposed Rulemakings (NPRMs)

--electronic filing by publicly funded presidential candidates, 7:7

--qualifications of member, 1:4

--soft money, 8:2

Petitions Denied

--express advocacy, 4:6

--minor party representation on Commission, 3:2

--qualified nonprofit corporations, 7:8

Public Hearings

--qualifications of member, 3:1; 4:6; 6:9

--recordkeeping and reporting requirements, 1:4; 4:6

--soft money, 10:4; 11:9

Reports

Campaign-cycle reporting, legislative recommendation, 4:1

Digitable images of, on Web, 2:1; 4:2; 6:1

Due in 1998, 1:6, 1:11; 4:2; 7:11; 10:1; 11:1

Electronic Filing

See: Electronic Filing

Improper

--failure to report, alleged, FEC v. Forbes, 11:2

--failure to report, alleged, FEC v. Freedom's Heritage Forum, 10:2

--FEC v. National Medical Political Action Committee, 7:5

--Friends of Steve Stockman, MUR 3847, 8:8

--Lally for Congress, Grant Lally, MUR 4128/4362, 7:6

--Michigan Democratic State Central Committee, MUR 4215, 6:7

--National Council of Senior Citizens PAC, MUR 4116, 8:9

--New York State Democratic Committee, MUR 4608, 4:5

--potential reporting violations suggested, Judicial Watch v. FEC, 9:3

Point of entry, changed for senatorial campaign committees, 1:11

Pre-election reporting dates

--1998 primary and runoff elections, 1:8

--1998 runoff election, Alabama, 2:1

Regulations pertaining to

See: Regulations

See also: Elections, Special; Nonfilers

Republic of Palau

Contributions from citizens of, AO 1998-14, 10:4

Republican National Committee

Allegedly colluded with Commission on Presidential Debates

--Natural Law Party v. FEC (98-1025), 6:3

--Perot '96, Inc., v. FEC (98-1022), 6:3

Defendant, National Committee of the Reform Party v. FEC, 1:2; 4:4

_____ v. FEC (97-1552), 6:4

_____ v. FEC (98-1207 (WWB)), 6:1; 8:5

_____ v. FEC (98-5263), 11:1

Republican Party of New Mexico

AO 1998-9, 7:9

Restoring the American Dream

AO 1998-16, 10:5

Right to Life of Dutchess County, Inc.

_____ v. FEC, 7:3; 9:3

Robb, Charles

Recipient of improperly coordinated contribution, MUR 4116, 8:9

 

 S

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Sandstrom, Karl J.

Confirmed as member of Commission, 9:1

Schaefer, Dan

Electronic filer, 4:2

Schaffer, Bob

Electronic filer, 4:2

Schember, Daniel M.

Testimony on proposed member regulations, 6:9

Schiff, Steven

AO 1998-9, 7:9

Separate Segregated Fund (SSF)

Affiliation of corporate SSFs after reorganization, AO 1997-25, 3:5

Solicitation of employee stockholders, AO 1998-12, 9:4

Smaltz, Donald C.

Independent Counsel, referral of compliance matter, MUR 4704, 3:1

Soft Money

See: Nonfederal Funds

Solicitations

Failure to include proper language, United Parcel Service PAC MUR 3770, 4:5

State Law

California, unfair competition and interference, alleged, National Committee of the Reform Party v. FEC, 1:2; 4:4

State Party Committee

Allocation of federal and nonfederal funds

See: Allocation

Coordinated party expenditure limits

--National Committee of the Reform Party v. FEC, 1:2; 4:4

--1998 election cycle, 3:4

Status as

--American Heritage Party of Washington, AO 1998-24, 12:6

--California Reform Party Congressional Committee, AO 1997-18, 1:14

--Green Party of New Mexico, AO 1997-29, 4:8

--Reform Party of Idaho, AO 1998-3, 4:11

--Reform Party USA affiliates, AO 1998-2, 4:10

Statistics

Congressional candidates

--1997 year-end reports, 4:11

--1998 first quarter reports, 6:8

--1998 pre-general reports, 12:3

--1998 second quarter reports, 9:5

Digital images of finance reports on web, 2:1; 11:5

National party committees

--1997 year-end reports, 5:4-5

--1998 first quarter reports, 7:12

--1998 pre-general reports, 12:3

--1998 second quarter reports, 11:4

PACs

--1997 year-end count, 3:8

--1998 midyear count, 9:6

--1998 second quarter reports, 11:5

Statute of Limitations

Expired, FEC v. Williams, 1:3

Steele, Warren B., II

MUR 4704, 3:1

Stockman, Stephen E.

MUR 3847, 8:8

_____ v. FEC, 5:3

Sullivan, Paul

Testimony on proposed member regulations, 6:9

Surina, John C.

Resignation from FEC, 8:1

 

 

 T

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Termination

Reactivation of terminated campaign committee to repay loan to candidate, AO 1997-28, 4:6

Testing the Waters

Payment for poll where candidate decided not to run, AO 1998-18, 11:8

Thomas, Scott E.

Elected FEC vice chairman, 1998 term, 1:1

Reconfirmed as member of Commission, 9:1

Testimony before Congress on budget, 5:1

Trade Associations

Establishment of nonconnected PAC by members of, AO 1997-26, 3:7

Transfers

Improper reporting of, MUR 4215, 6:7

TWEEZERMAN

MUR 4340/4685, 12:1

 U

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United Parcel Service PAC

MUR 3770, 4:5

 V

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Vendors

Improper payment made by

--Friends of Steve Stockman, MUR 3847, 8:8

--Michigan Democratic State Central Committee, MUR 4215, 6:7

Unexpected refund from, used to repay candidate for advances to committee, AO 1997-21, 6:5

Vento, Bruce

Electronic filer, 4:2

Volunteers

Activity by corporate employee, FEC v. Friends of Jane Harman, 11:3

Voters

Standing to sue FEC, Akins v. FEC, 7:1

Voter Drives

Disbursements for, AO 1998-9, 7:9

Misreporting allocable expenses for, MUR 4215, 6:7

Use of nonfederal funds to pay for, FEC v. California Democratic Party, 8:5

Voter Guides/Voting Records

Certiorari denied, Clifton v. FEC, 4:5

Electioneering message provisions of regulations ruled invalid, Clifton v. FEC, 7:4

 

 W

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White Oak Technologies, Inc.

AO 1998-4, 6:5

Williams, Henry W., Jr.

FEC v. National Medical Political Action Committee, 1:3

Williams, Larry

FEC v. _____, 1:3

Wilson, Heather A.

AO 1998-9, 7:9

Wofford, Harris

Recipient of improperly coordinated contribution, MUR 4116, 8:9

Wold, Darryl R.

Confirmed as member of Commission, 9:1

Wong, Germaine

Former member of Office of Election Administration Advisory Panel, 3:3

Woods, Charles

FEC v. Charles Woods for U.S. Senate, 3:3

World Wide Web

See: Internet

WTVY-FM

FEC v. Charles Woods for U.S. Senate, 3:3

 800 Line

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