ANNUAL INDEX 1997

How to Use This Index

Use the alphabetical links (below) to locate the articles that interest you. Each article listing includes a numerical citation linked to the appropriate issue of the Record. The first number in each citation refers to the "number" (month) of the 1997 Record issue in which the article appeared. The second number, following the colon, indicates the page number in that issue. For example, "1:4" means that the article is in the January issue on page 4. When you click on a citation, you'll download a PDF version of the selected Record issue. (NOTE: To view or print PDF documents, you'll need to dowload free Adobe Acrobat Reader software.)

 

 A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Q

R

S

T

U

V

W

X

Y

Z

800 Line

 A

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Addy, James K.
Common Cause v. FEC (96-5160), 5:4

Administrative Complaints

FEC failure to act timely alleged
Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee v. FEC (96-0764),
1:4
Democratic National Committee v. FEC (96-2506), 1:5
Democratic National Committee v. FEC (97-676), 6:7
Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee v. FEC (96-2184), 1:2; 8:3
Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee v. National Republican Senatorial Committee, 10:1
National Republican Congressional Committee v. FEC (96-2295), 1:2
Republican National Committee v. FEC (97-1552), 9:1

Advances

MUR 4208,
7:9
See also: Loans


Advertising
Used as part of C-SPAN coverage of 1996 federal elections, AO 1996-48,
2:5

Advisory Opinions (AOs)

Alternative disposition of Advisory Opinion Requests (AORs), AOR 1996-47,
5:9; AOR 1997-8, 9:5; AOR 1997-23, 12:6
Reconsideration of Advisory Opinion, AO 1997-21,
12:6
Summaries of AOs
1996-35: Status of Green Party as national committee,
1:10
1996-42: SSF disaffiliation following corporate spin off,
1:11
1996-45: Use of campaign funds,
1:12
1996-46: Continuation of exemption from select FECA reporting provisions,
4:7
1996-48: Application of "news exemption,"
2:5
1996-49: Affiliation between joint venture partnership PAC and corporate partner SSF,
3:7
1996-50: Disaffiliation of SSFs,
3:9
1996-51: Qualification as state committee of political party,
3:9
1996-52: Excess campaign funds refunded and transferred to future campaign,
3:10
1997-1: Use of excess campaign funds to establish foundation, 5:8
1997-2: Use of campaign funds for congressional retreat fees, travel, 5:8
1997-3: Qualification as state committee of political party,
6:11
1997-4: Application of contribution limit to limited liability company,
6:12
1997-5: Qualification of lessee of trading "seat" on Exchange as member,
7:6
1997-6: Reinvestment by political committee of investment income,
8:8; Correction, 9:5
1997-7: Status as state committee of political party,
8:9
1997-9: Collection of PAC contributions from individual members through electronic debiting of trading accounts,
9:4
1997-10: Transfers between campaign committees of different election cycles,
10:5
1997-11: Use of campaign funds for language program,
9:5
1997-12: Use of campaign funds for legal expenses,
10:5
1997-13: Relationship of limited liability company's nonconnected PAC to parent corporations' SSFs,
10:6
1997-14: Use of corporate contributions to build party headquarters,
10:8
1997-15: Establishment of nonconnected PAC by incorporated membership organization's CEO,
11:4
1997-16: Methods of providing PAC endorsements of federal candidates to restricted class,
11:5
1997-17: Contribution limit of limited liability company,
11:6
1997-19: Donations by corporation and foundation to potential host committee of presidential convention,
11:7
1997-20: Contributions by nonfederal campaign committee to federal candidates:
12:5
1997-21: Refund to candidate who had made contribution to own campaign,
11:8

Affiliation
Between joint venture partnership PAC and SSF of owner corporation
AO 1996-49,
3:7
AO 1997-13,
10:6
Disaffiliation
between SSFs after corporate spin-off, AO 1996-35,
1:11
between membership organization PACs, AO 1996-50,
3:9; AO 1996-42, 10:6

AFL-CIO

Union expenditures, allegedly coordinated with Democrats, National Republican Congressional Committee v. FEC (96-2295),
1:2

Aikens, Joan D.
Democratic National Committee v. FEC (97-676), 6:7
Elected vice chairman,
1:1
Testimony on budget requests,
3:1

AirTouch Communications

AO 1996-49,
3:7

Akins, James E.

____ v. FEC,
2:1; 6:7

Alexander, Lamar

1996 Presidential committees audit report,
12:4

Allocation
Democratic National Committee federal and nonfederal accounts, Republican National Committee v. FEC (97-1552),
9:1
FEC v. California Democratic Party, 7:5
Kentucky State Democratic Central Executive Committee, MUR 3637,
5:1
Lautenberg Committee, Mercer County Democratic Party, New Jersey Committee '94, MUR 4259,
8:5
Of campaign funds for mixed legal expenses, AO 1997-12,
10:5
Primary and general election Presidential committees, Bush-Quayle '92 Primary Committee v. FEC,
3:5

American Citizens for Political Action
FEC v. Parisi, 1:4

American Federation of Teachers

MUR 4172,
7:8

American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC)
Akins v. FEC, 2:1; 7:5

Americans for Better Government Political Action Comittee

AO 1997-15,
11:4

Andrews, Robert E.

AO 1996-52,
3:10

AT&T

AO 1996-42,
1:11

Audits
Bush-Quayle '92 Primary Committee v. FEC, 3:5
Final reports
issued in 1997,
12:4
issued July-December 1996,
1:3

 B

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Ballot Access
Criterion for qualifying as party committee
AO 1996-51,
3:9
AO 1997-3,
6:11
AO 1997-7,
8:9

Bauer, Robert F.

Testimony on party expenditures,
8:6

Bell Atlantic Corp.

AO 1996-49,
3:7

Bennett, Robert F.

MUR 4208,
7:9

"Best Efforts"
See: Contributor Information

Better Government Bureau, Inc.

AO 1997-15,
11:4

Bevill, Tom

AO 1997-1,
5:8

Boeing Company

AO 1997-13,
10:6

Bopp, James Jr.

Petition for rulemaking on definition of member,
8:8
Petition for rulemaking on express advocacy,
12:1
Testimony on coordinated expenditures,
8:6

Bownes, Hugh H.

Dissenting opinion, Clifton v. FEC,
8:1

Boxer, Barbara
FEC v. California Democratic Party, 7:5

Bradley, Terri

MUR 4398,
9:1

Building Fund
Corporate donations to, AO 1997-14,
10:8

Burchfield, Bobby R.

Public hearing on coordinated expenditures,
8:6

Burns, Conrad
Common Cause v. FEC (96-5160), 5:4

Bush, George
Bush-Quayle '92 Primary Committee v. FEC, 3:5

 

 

 C

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Cable Television Stations
See: Media

California Democratic Party
FEC v. _____, 7:5

California Democratic Voter Checklist
Reilly v. FEC, 1:4

California Secretary of State

New address,
11:2

Campaign Contribution Tracking System
FEC v. Legi-Tech, 7:4

Campaign Finance Activity, 1996

Investigation plans,
1:1; 3:1
Soft money petitions in response to,
7:1
See also: Statistics

Campaign Funds

Use of
- for language instruction, AO 1997-11,
9:5
- for legal fees, AO 1997-12,
10:5
- for seminar, AO 1996-45,
1:12
- for travel to retreat, AO 1997-2,
5:8
See also: Excess Campaign Funds, Personal Use of Campaign Funds

Candidate
Committee termination and debt settlement,
1:8
Failure to qualify as, AO 1996-35,
1:10
Loans by, to authorized committee
- AO 1997-10,
10:5
- AO 1997-21,
11:8
See also: Audits, Public Funding, Statistics

Chamber of Commerce v. FEC
Cited, AO 1997-5, 7:6

Cherry Communications, Inc.

MUR 3672,
6:1

Chicago Board of Trade

AO 1997-9,
9:4

Chicago Mercantile Exchange

AO 1997-5,
7:6

Choate, Pat
Clark v. FEC and the Commission on Presidential Debates, 5:1
Reform Party Vice Presidential candidate, AO 1996-51,
3:9

Christian Action Network
FEC v. _____, 1:5; 5:5; 8:4

Christian Coalition
Democratic National Committee v. FEC (97-676), 6:7
FEC v. _____, 7:2
Filed complaint against Democratic National Committee and National Rainbow Coalition, MUR 3673,
3:4

Chrysler Corp.

MUR 3672,
6:1

Clark, Herman
FEC. v. Public Citizen, 4:6

Clark, John P.

_____ v. FEC and the Commission on Presidential Debates,
5:1

Clifton, Robin

_____ v. FEC,
8:1

Clinton, Bill

Campaign committee allegedly received excess entitlement, Gottlieb v. FEC,
7:5
Excess labor contributions to 1992 primary campaign, MUR 4172,
7:8
Excess party contributions to 1992 primary campaign, MUR 3546,
9:2
Party expenditures on behalf of, Republican National Committee v. FEC (97-1552),
9:1
Petition to amend regulations on soft money,
7:1

Commission on Presidential Debates
Clark v. FEC and _____, 5:1

Common Cause

Comments at public hearing on coordinated expenditures,
8:6
_____ v. FEC (96-5160),
5:4

Compliance
Caseload,
3:1
Dismissed Matters Under Review (MURs)
Republican National Committee v. FEC (97-1552),
9:1
Penalties assessed
Alaska Interstate Construction, Inc., MUR 4235,
11:1
American Federation of Teachers, MUR 4172,
7:8
Bradley, Terri, MUR 4398,
9:1
Cherry Communications Inc., Crysler Corp., Deloitte & Touche, MUR 3672,
6:1
Clinton for President Committee, MUR 4172,
7:8; MUR 3546, 9:2
Democratic National Committee, MUR 3673,
3:4; MUR 3546, 9:2
Ellsworth, John, MUR 4235,
11:1
FEC v. Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee (95-2881), 8:3
FEC v. Fund for a Conservative Majority, 11:1
FEC v. Kalogianis, 5:3
FEC v. Legi-Tech, 7:4
FEC v. McCallum, 2:4
FEC v. Orton, 6:6
FEC v. Parisi, 1:4
Firearms Training Systems, MUR 4090,
3:1; Correction, 4:4
Friends of Bob Bennett, MUR 4208,
7:9
Friends of Ed Harrison, MUR 3951,
8:6
General Cigar Co., MUR 4286,
8:4
Kentucky State Democratic Committee, MUR 3637,
5:1
Kramer, Thomas, MUR 4398,
9:1
Lautenberg Committee, Mercer County Democratic Committee, New Jersey Committee '94, MUR 4259,
8:5
Lipinski for Congress, MUR 4121,
3:4
Mascara for Congress, MUR 4194,
4:4
National Rainbow Coalition, MUR 3673,
3:4
Republican National Committee, MUR 4167,
7:8
Republican Party of Florida, MUR 4398,
9:1
Scott, Cindy, MUR 4235,
11:1
Spice, Dennis, MUR 4399,
10:4
State Universities Retirement System of Illinois, MUR 4399,
10:4
Unicol, Inc., MUR 4235,
11:1
Penalties increased,
4:4

Conferences/Workshops

Notices,
3:8; 4:1; 5:4; 6:2; 7:7; 8:11; 9:6; 10:8; 11:7; 12:3

Constitutional Issues

Fifth Amendment, alleged violation, Right to Life of Dutchess County, v. FEC,
6:8
First and Fifth Amendments, court rejects violation claim, FEC v. Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee (95-2881),
3:2
Tenth Amendment, alleged violation, Condon v. USA,
12:7

Constitutional Party of Pennsylvania

AO 1997-3,
6:11

Contributions
Aggregation required, AO 1996-42,
1:11
By limited liability company
See:
Limited Liability Company
Electronically deducted, AO 1997-9,
9:4
In-kind
amending filing to report, FEC v. Orton,
6:6
from candidate, AO 1997-21,
11:8
prohibited, nonprofit corporation, MUR 3673,
3:4
Legislative recommendation, election-cycle limit,
4:1
Limits exceeded between affiliated entities, AO-1996-35,
1:11
Limits for limited liability company
See:
Limited Liability Company
"Major purpose" test
Akins v. FEC,
2:1
Democratic National Committee v. FEC (97-676), 6:7
legislative recommendation,
4:1
Refunding
AO 1996-52,
3:10
Kentucky State Democratic Committee, MUR 3637,
5:1
Regulations governing,
6:1
See also: Loans

Contributions, Excessive
AO 1997-10,
10:5
By AFL-CIO, alleged, National Republican Congressional Committee v. FEC (96-2295),
1:2
By incorporated membership association's SSF, alleged, FEC v. Public Citizen,
4:6
By Republicans, alleged, Common Cause v. FEC (96-5160),
5:4
FEC v. Christian Coalition, 7:2
FEC v. Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee (95-2881), 3:2
FEC v. Kalogianis, 5:3
FEC v. McCallum, 2:4
FEC v. Parisi, 1:4
FEC v. Public Citizen, 4:6
MUR 3546,
9:2
MUR 4194,
4:4
MUR 4208,
7:9
No judicial determination of, FEC v. Orton,
6:6
Presidential campaign, Democratic National Committee v. FEC (96-2506),
1:5
Receipt by candidate, alleged, Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee v. FEC (96-0764),
1:4

Contributions, Prohibited
Corporate treasury funds
See:
Corporations
Foreign sources
alleged in 1996 elections,
3:1
MUR 4398,
9:1
Government contractors
MUR 3672,
6:1
MUR 4090,
3:1
In the name of another
FEC v. Orton,
6:6
FEC v. Williams, 2:3; 7:5
MUR 4090,
3:1; Correction, 4:4
MUR 4235,
11:1
MUR 4286,
8:4
MUR 4398,
9:1
MUR 4399,
10:4
Refunding
AO 1997-10,
10:5

Contributor Information
"Best Efforts" regulations
effective date,
8:8
MUR 4167,
7:8
Republican National Committee v. FEC, 2:5
sent to U.S. Congress for approval,
6:6
Coding unidentified contributors, AO 1996-46,
4:7
Illegal use of
FEC v. Legi-Tech,
7:4

Conventions, Presidential
Donation from local corporation for, AO 1997-19,
11:7
See also: Audits

Cooper, Kent C.
Recipient of 1996 COGEL award for distinguished achievement,
1:3
Resignation from FEC,
4:8

Coordinated Expenditures
See: Expenditures, Coordinated; Political Committees

Coordination

Regulations governing,
6:1
See also: Expenditures, Coordinated

CoreStates Financial Corp.
AO 1997-19,
11:7

Corporations
Donation by
to nominating convention host committee, AO 1997-19,
11:7
to party building fund, AO 1997-14,
10:8
Facilities and resources of, use of, AO 1997-15,
11:4
Solicitation facilitated by
Cherry Communications, Inc., Chrysler Corp., MUR 3672,
6:1
Treasury funds, illegal use of
Alaska Interstate Construction, Inc., MUR 4235,
11:1
Democratic National Committee v. FEC (97-676), 6:7
E.C. Harrison Properties, Inc., MUR 3951,
8:6
FEC v. Charles Woods for U.S. Senate, 4:6
FEC v. Orton, 6:6
Firearms Training Systems, Inc., MUR 4090,
3:1; Correction, 4:4
General Cigar Co., Inc., MUR 4286,
8:4
On Appeal,
1:5
Unicol, Inc., MUR 4235,
11:1
See also: Membership Organizations, Nonprofit Corporations

Corrections
AO 1997-6,
9:5
Firearms Training Systems, Inc.,
4:4

Costello, Jerry

AO 1997-12,
10:5

Court Cases

Appeals status,
1:5; 6:7; 7:5; 8:4; 11:2
FEC v. _____
California Democratic Party,
7:5
Charles Woods for U.S. Senate, 4:6
Christian Action Network, 1:5; 5:5; 8:4
Christian Coalition, 7:2
Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee (95-2881), 3:2; 8:3
Fund For a Conservative Majority, 1:5; 11:1
Kalogianis, 5:3
Legi-Tech, 7:4
McCallum, 2:4
Orton, 6:6
Parisi, 1:4
Public Citizen, 4:6
Williams, 2:3; 7:5; 11:2
_____ v. FEC
Akins,
2:1; 7:5
Bush-Quayle '92 Primary Committee, 3:5
Clark, 5:1
Clifton, 8:1
Common Cause (96-5160), 5:4
Condon, 12:7
Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee (96-0764), 1:4
Democratic National Committee (96-2506), 1:5; 5:5
Democratic National Committee (97-676), 6:7
Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee (96-2184), 1:2; 8:3
Fulani (97-1466), 10:2
Gottlieb, 7:5
Hagelin, 6:7
Hooker, 1:5
Jones, 6:7
Maine Right to Life Committee, 11:2
Minnesota Citizens Concerned for Life, 7:2; 8:4
National Republican Congressional Committee (96-2295), 1:2
Reilly, 1:4
Republican National Committee (94-5248), 2:5
Republican National Committee (97-1552), 9:1
Right to Life of Dutchess Co., Inc., 6:8
White, 10:2
Other Court Cases
Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee v. National Republican Senatorial Committee,
10:1
Standing
Common Cause v. FEC (96-5160),
5:4

Coverdell, Paul
FEC v. Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee (95-2881), 3:2

C-SPAN

AO 1996-48,
2:5

Cueto, Amiel

AO 1997-12,
10:5

 D

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Debates
Clark v. FEC and the Commission on Presidential Debates, 5:1
Hagelin v. FEC and the Commission on Presidential Debates, 6:7

Debts

Settlement before termination, AO 1997-10,
10:5
Settlement of, 800 Line,
1:8

Deloitte & Touche

MUR 3672,
6:1

Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee

Comments at public hearing on coordinated expenditures,
8:6
Contributions to, Firearms Training Systems, Inc., MUR 4090,
3:1; Correction 4:4
_____v. FEC (96-0764), 1:4
Request for rulemaking on expenditures by party committees,
6:1; 8:6

Democratic National Committee

Comments at public hearing on coordinated expenditures,
8:6
_____v. FEC (96-2506), 1:5; 5:5
_____v. FEC (97-676),
6:7
FEC v. Christian Coalition, 7:2
MUR 3546,
9:2
MUR 3673,
3:4
Republican National Committee v. FEC (97-1552), 9:1

Democratic Party of Virginia
FEC v. Christian Coalition, 7:2

Democratic, Republican, Independent Voter Education (DRIVE)

Final audit report,
12:4

Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee

Comments at public hearing on coordinated expenditures,
8:6
_____v. FEC (96-2184), 1:2; 8:3
_____ v. National Republican Senatorial Committee, 10:1
FEC v. _____ (95-2881), 3:2; 8:3
Request for rulemaking on expenditures by party committees,
6:1; 8:6

Disaffiliation
See: Affiliation

Disclaimers

Failure to include
on advertisements, FEC v. Orton,
6:6
on campaign fliers and pamphlets, MUR 4121,
3:4
on political communications, FEC v. Christian Action Network, appeals court decision,
5:5; no appeal to Supreme Court, 1:5
on television advertisement and fliers, FEC v. Public Citizen,
4:6
on televised town hall meeting, MUR 3546,
9:2
Regulations governing, coordinated communications,
6:1

Dole, Bob
Democratic National Committee v. FEC (96-2506), 1:5; 5:5
MUR 4286,
8:4

 E

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Eckert Seamans Cherin & Mellott
AO 1997-4,
6:12

Elections
Runoff
coordinated expenditure limits exceeded in, FEC v. Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee (95-2881),
3:1
Special
New Mexico (House, 3rd district),
4:3
New York (House, 13th district),
10:12
Texas (House, 28th district),
3:6, 4:3
Spending limit, House of Representatives candidates in 1997,
4:3

Electronic Communications

By membership organization to restricted class, AO 1997-16,
11:5

Electronic Deduction

For contributions to membership organization PAC, AO 1997-9,
9:4

Electronic Filing
Instructions for users,
2:1
Interim system begins,
1:1
Legislative recommendation,
4:1
Update,
5:9; 7:10; 10:1

Elliott, James R.

MUR 3672,
6:1

Elliott, Lee Ann
Democratic National Committee v. FEC (97-676), 6:7

Enforcement
See: Compliance

Excess Campaign Funds
Barred from using for personal use, 1997-1,
5:8
Transferred to state and federal accounts for future elections, AO 1996-52,
3:10
Used for charitable foundation, AO 1997-1,
5:8
Used to repay candidate loan, AO 1997-21,
11:8

Expenditures
Coordinated
alleged, between campaign and incorporated membership association's SSF, FEC v. Public Citizen,
4:6
alleged, between candidates and AFL-CIO, National Republican Congressional Committee v. FEC (96-2295),
1:2
alleged, between candidates and Christian Coalition, FEC v. Christian Coalition,
7:2
coordinated party expenditure counts as contribution to primary, MUR 3546,
9:2
exceeding limits in Senate race, FEC v. Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee (95-2881),
3:2
See also: Party Committees

Excessive, Presidential campaign
Democratic National Committee v. FEC (96-2506),
1:5
See also: Independent Expenditures

Express Advocacy
As related to voter guides and voting records, Clifton v. FEC,
8:1
Definition of, challenged, Right to Life of Dutchess County, Inc. v. FEC,
6:8
FEC v. Christian Action Network, 1:5
Maine Right to Life Committee v. FEC, request for certiorari denied, 11:2
Notice of availability for rulemaking petition,
12:1
Requires disclaimer on communication
MUR 3546,
9:2
MUR 4121,
3:4

 

 F

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Farm Credit Council
AO 1996-50,
3:9

FEC Faxline

Menu of documents,
1:13; 2:6; 5:10; 6:13; 10:9; 11:9

FEC v. Colorado Republican Federal Campaign Committee
Invoked by district court, Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee v. FEC (96-2184), 1:2
Regulations proposed in response to,
6:1; 8:6

Federal Election Commission

Appointments
Patricia Klein Young, Assistant Staff Director of FEC Public Disclosure Division,
4:8
Budget requests,
3:1
Commissioners
Chairman's message,
1:1
officers elected,
1:1
Legislative recommendations for amendments to FECA,
4:1

Federal Register

Notices,
4:7; 5:2; 6:8; 7:9; 8:9; 9:3; 11:5; 12:2

Feinstein, Diane
FEC v. California Democratic Party, 7:5

Firearms Training Systems Inc.

MUR 4090,
3:1; Correction 4:4

Firebaugh, Emily

AO 1997-21,
11:8

Foreign Nationals
See: Contributions, Prohibited

Fowler, Wyche Jr.
FEC v. Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee (95-2881), 3:2

Freedom Policy Foundation
FEC v. Legi-Tech, 7:4

Fugal & Fugal, Inc.
FEC v. Orton, 6:6

Fulani, Lenora B.

_____ v. FEC (97-1466),
10:2
Repayment determination,
4:5

Fund for a Conservative Majority
FEC v. _____, 1:5

Fundraising

Joint fundraising
Lautenberg Committee, Mercer County Democratic Party, New Jersey Committee '94, MUR 4259,
8:5
Solicitations
See:
Solicitations

 G

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General Election Legal and Accounting Compliance Funds (GELAC)
Gottlieb v. FEC, 7:5

Gibbons, Sam

MUR 4286,
8:4

Gingrich, Newt
FEC v. Public Citizen, 4:6
MUR 4286,
8:4

Gottlieb, Alan

_____ v. FEC,
7:5

Gramm, Phil

1996 Presidential committees, audit report,
12:4

Green Party
Clark v. FEC and the Commission on Presidential Debates, 5:1
Status as national committee, AO 1996-35,
1:10

 H

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Hagelin, John
Clark v. FEC and the Commission on Presidential Debates, 5:1
_____ v. FEC and the Commission on Presidential Debates,
6:7

Harrison, Edward Carl

MUR 3951,
8:6

Heckman, Robert
FEC v. Fund for a Conservative Majority, 1:5; 11:1

Hoke, Martin

AO 1997-10,
10:5

Hooker, John Jay
_____v. FEC, 1:5

Host Committees

AO 1997-19,
11:7

Huffman, Tony J.

AO 1996-51,
3:9

Hutchinson, Kay Bailey

AO 1997-6,
8:8

 I

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Iacocca, Lee
MUR 3672,
6:1

Independent Expenditures
Coordination during 1996 elections,
3:1
In weighing status as political committee through "major purpose" test, Akins v. FEC,
2:1
Regulations governing,
6:1
Reporting free or reduced space on voting slate as, Reilly v. FEC,
1:4
Using corporate funds for
FEC v. Christian Action Network,
1:5; 5:5
Minnesota Citizens Concerned for Life v. FEC, 7:2
See also: Express Advocacy, Statistics

International Brotherhood of Teamsters
FEC v. Legi-Tech, 7:4

International Funding Institute, Inc.
FEC v. Legi-Tech, 7:4

Internet
Endorsements on, AO 1997-16,
11:5
Hypertext version of 1996 Record Index available,
5:7

Issue Advocacy

Legislative recommendation,
4:1
Regulation of, Clifton v. FEC,
8:1

 J

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Jackson, Jesse Sr.
MUR 3673,
3:4

James Madison Center for Free Speech

Petition for rulemaking on express advocacy,
12:1

Jones, Alfonzo

_____ v. FEC,
6:7

Joint Ventures

Nonconnected committee established by, AO 1996-49,
3:7

Josefiak, Thomas J.

Testimony on coordinated expenditures,
8:6

 K

 Back to the Alphabetical Links

Kalogianis, Anastasios
FEC v. _____, 5:3

Kelly, Daniel

MUR 3672,
6:1

Kemp, Jack

Ticket sales on behalf of campaign, FEC v. Williams,
2:3

Kevin Quigley for Congress

Final audit report,
12:4

Kramer, Thomas

MUR 4398,
9:1

 L

 Back to the Alphabetical Links

Labor Organizations
Alleged illegal coordination between candidates and AFL-CIO, National Republican Conressional Committee v. FEC (96-2295),
1:2
International Brotherhood of Teamsters, FEC v. Legi-Tech,
7:4
Reimbursement to American Federation of Teachers, MUR 4172,
7:8

Lally, Grant
Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee v. FEC (96-0764), 1:4

LaRouche, Lyndon

1996 Presidential committee, audit report,
12:4

Lautenberg, Frank

MUR 4259,
8:5

Legal Fees

Legal and accounting exemption
AO 1997-9,
9:4
AO 1997-15,
11:4
See also: General Election Legal and Accounting Compliance Funds

Legislation
Campaign finance reform,
1:1; 3:1
Recommendations for amendments to FECA,
4:1

Legislative Resource Center

New address,
3:11

Legi-Tech, Inc.
FEC v. _____ , 7:4

Limited Liability Company
Deleware, AO 1997-13,
10:6
Missiouri, AO 1997-17,
11:6
Pennsylvania, AO 1997-4,
6:12

Lipinski, William

MUR 4121,
3:4

Livingston, Susan B.

AO 1997-1,
5:8

Loans
Excessive
FEC v. Kalogianis,
5:3
FEC v. McCallum, 2:4
From candidate to own authorized committee
AO 1997-10,
10:5
AO 1997-21,
11:8
Improper disclosure of, MUR 4194,
4:4
Owed by candidate committee to individual or other political committee, 800 Line,
1:8
Prohibited
MUR 3951,
8:6

Lockheed Martin Corp.

AO 1997-13,
10:6

Lucent Technologies, Inc.

AO 1996-42,
1:11

 M

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Maine Right to Life Committee
Clifton v. FEC, 8:1
_____ v. FEC,
6:8; 11:2
Rulemaking petition on express advocacy,
12:1

Major Purpose Test
See: Political Committee

Mascara, Frank

MUR 4194,
4:4

Massachusetts Citizens for Life, Inc.

New regulations in response to U.S. Supreme Court decision in suit filed by FEC,
7:2

Matters Under Review (MURs)
See: Compliance

McCallum, Elkin
FEC v. _____, 2:4

McCarthy, Leo T.

AO 1997-20,
12:5

McGarry, John Warren

Elected Chairman,
1:1

McNamara, Austin T.

MUR 4286,
8:4

Media
Cable television
Press exemption for, AO 1996-48,
2:5
Campaign funds used to refute allegations reported by, AO 1997-12,
10:5
Internet
See:
Internet
Print
Press exemption not applicable, FEC v. Legi-Tech,
7:4
Refund from, AO 1997-20,
12:5

Meehan, Marty

Petition to amend use of soft money,
7:1

Member

Advance notice of proposed rulemaking, definition,
8:8
Definition of, AO 1997-5,
7:6

Membership Organization
Administrative expenses paid by members, AO 1997-9,
9:4
Collection of electronic PAC contributions from individual members of trade exchange, AO 1997-9,
9:4
Disaffiliation of PACs, AO 1996-50,
3:9
Establishment of nonconnected PAC by CEO of, AO 1997-15,
11:4
FEC v. Public Citizen, 4:6
Transmitting endorsements to restricted class of, AO 1997-16,
11:5
See also: Corporations

Minnesota Citizens Concerned for Life
_____ v. FEC,
7:2; 8:4

Minor Party Candidates
Clark v. FEC and the Commission on Presidential Debates, 5:1

Mississippi Democratic Party Political Action Committee

Final audit report,
12:4

Mississippi Republican Party

AO 1997-14,
10:8

Montana Republican Party
Common Cause v. FEC (96-5160), 5:4

Moran, James P.

Petition to amend use of soft money,
7:1

Motor Voter Law
See: National Voter Registration Act

Motter, Robert

MUR 4090,
3:1; Correction 4:4

 N

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Nader, Ralph
Clark v. FEC and the Commission on Presidential Debates, 5:1
Presidential candidate of Green Party, AO 1996-35,
1:10

National Association of Independent Schools
FEC v. Legi-Tech, 7:4

National Cable Satellite Corporation

AO 1996-48,
2:5

National Council of Farm Cooperatives

AO 1996-50,
3:9

National Rainbow Coalition

MUR 3673,
3:4

National Reform Party

AO 1996-51,
3:9
Steering Committee, AOR 1996-47,
5:9

National Republican Congressional Committee

Comments at public hearing on coordinated expenditures,
8:6
FEC v. Legi-Tech, 7:4
FEC v. Parisi, 1:4
MUR 3672,
6:1
_____v. FEC (96-2295), 1:2
Republican National Committee et al. v. FEC (94-5248), 2:5

National Republican Senatorial Committee

Comments at public hearing on coordinated expenditures,
8:6
Common Cause v. FEC (96-5160), 5:4
Complaint filed against, Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee v. FEC (96-2184),
8:3
Consideration of penalties assessed against, FEC v. Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee (95-2881),
8:3
Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee v. _____, 10:1
FEC v. Parisi, 1:4
MUR 3672,
6:1
_____v. FEC (96-2184), 1:2
Republican National Committee v. FEC (94-5248), 2:5

National Right to Life Committee, Inc.

Comments at public hearing on coordinated expenditures,
8:6
Definition of member, advance notice of proposed rulemaking,
8:8

National Voter Registration Act
Condon v. USA, 12:7
Status report,
8:10

Natural Law Party
Clark v. FEC and the Commission on Presidential Debates, 5:1
Hagelin v. FEC and the Commission on Presidential Debates, 6:7

New Hampshire Democratic State Committee

Final audit report,
12:4

New Jersey Democratic State Committee

Final audit report,
12:4

News Story Exemption
See: Media

Nickalo, Kenneth

AO 1997-15,
11:4

Nixon, Jay

AO 1997-17,
11:6

Nonconnected Committee
Established by
CEO of incorporated membership organization, AO 1997-15,
11:4
joint venture partnership, AO 1996-49,
3:7
See also: Statistics

Nonfederal Funds (Soft Money)
Alleged illegal use of
Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee v. FEC (96-2184),
1:2
during 1996 elections,
3:1
FEC v. California Democratic Party, 7:5
Petition to amend regulations on,
7:1

Nonprofit Corporations
Alleged use as conduit for soft money to federal elections
Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee v. FEC (96-2184),
1:2; 8:3
FEC v. Christian Coalition, 7:2
Minnesota Citizens Concerned for Life v. FEC, 7:2; 8:4
National Rainbow Coalition, prohibited in-kind contributions, MUR 3673,
3:4

Nonqualified Campaign Expenses

Lenora B. Fulani for President Committee, repayment determination,
4:5; 10:2

NYNEX Corp.

AO 1996-49,
3:7

O

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Oregon Natural Resources Council Action
AO 1997-16,
11:5

Orton, William
FEC v. _____, 6:6

 P

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Parisi, Angelo
FEC v. _____, 1:4

Partnerships

Nonconnected committee established by joint venture partnership, AO 1996-49,
3:7

Party Committee
Building fund
See:
Building Fund Exemption
Coordinated Party Expenditures
exceeding limit, FEC v. Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee (95-2881),
3:2
Petition to amend use of soft money,
7:1
Independent expenditures
See:
Independent Expenditures
National Committee
criteria for, AO 1996-35,
1:10
Greens/Green Party USA, failure to qualify as, AO 1996-35,
1:10
Soft Money
See:
Soft Money (Nonfederal Funds)
State Committee
Constitutional Party of Pennsylvania, qualifies as, AO 1997-3,
6:11
criteria for , AO 1996-51,
3:9; AO 1997-3, 6:11; AO 1997-7, 8:9
Reform Party of Arkansas, qualifies as, AO 1996-51,
3:9
Virginia Reform Party, qualifies as, AO 1997-7,
8:9
See also: Allocation, Compliance, Regulations, Statistics

Payroll Deduction
Affected by disaffiliation between corporate PACs, AO 1996-42,
1:11

PCS Nucleus L.P.

AO 1996-49,
3:7

PCSCO Partnership

AO 1996-49,
3:7

Perot, H. Ross
Clark v. FEC and the Commission on Presidential Debates, 5:1
Reform Party Presidential candidate in 1996, AO 1996-51,
3:9

Personal Use of Campaign Funds
Bipartisan Congressional Retreat, AO 1997-2,
5:8
Charitable foundation, AO 1997-1,
5:8
Language immersion program, AO 1997-11,
9:5
Legal expenses, AO 1997-12,
10:5
Repayment of candidate contributions to authorized committee, AO 1997-21,
11:8

Petitions for Rulemaking
See: Regulations

Political Action Committee (PAC)
Affiliation of joint venture partnership nonconnected PAC and PAC of owner corporation, AO 1996-49,
3:7
Disaffiliation between corporate PACs, AO 1996-42,
1:11
Impermissible contributions of parent, FEC v. Public Citizen,
4:6
See also: Nonconnected Committees, Statistics

Political Committee
Filing requirements for 1997,
1:6
Debt settlement and termination,
1:8
Definition of, major purpose test,
Akins v. FEC,
2:1
Reilly v. FEC, 1:4
Investment of funds, AO 1997-6,
8:8
Legislative recommendation,
4:1
Reimbursements
to staff, law firm, labor union, MUR 4172,
7:8
Statement of organization
failure to file, alleged, Democratic National Committee v. FEC (97-676),
6:7
failure to file, FEC v. Orton,
6:6
Termination of
See:
Reports, Termination of Committee
See also: Candidates, Compliance, Electronic Filing, Nonconnected Committee, Party Committee, Political Action Committee, Statistics


Political Party
See: Party Committee

Preemption
Mississippi prohibition on corporate contributions to party committee building fund, AO 1997-14,
10:8

Presidential Campaign
Activity fails to qualify as national committee of political party, AO 1996-35,
1:10
Clark v. FEC and the Commission on Presidential Debates, 5:1
Clinton for President Committee, MUR 4172,
7:8
Convention
See:
Conventions, Presidential
Democratic National Committee v. FEC (96-2506), 1:5
Hooker v. FEC et al., 1:5
Nader, Ralph, candidate of Green Party, AO 1996-35,
1:10
Tsongas for President Committee, receipt of excessive contributions
FEC v. Kalogianis,
5:3
FEC v. McCallum, 2:4
See also: Public Funding, Regulations

Press Exemption
See: Media

PrimeCo

AO 1996-49,
3:7

Publications
Combined Federal/State Disclosure Directory 1997, 5:2
Federal Elections 96, 8:1
Pacronyms, 1997 edition, 10:9
Partnerships, 12:6
Special Notices on Political Ads and Solicitations, 12:6
Resubscription reminder,
6:2
1996 Annual Report, 6:2

Public Citizen
FEC v. _____, 4:6

Public Funding
Audits of recipients
See:
Audits
Jones v. FEC, 6:7
Presidential Primary Matching Payment Account Act
Bush-Quayle '92 Primary Committee v. FEC,
3:5
Exceeding expenditure limits, Democratic National Committee v. FEC (96-2506),
1:5; 5:5
Gottlieb v. FEC, 7:5
Lenora B. Fulani for President Committee,
4:5
Repayment Determination
Disputed, Bush-Quayle '92 Primary Committee v. FEC,
3:5
Lenora B. Fulani for President Committee,
4:5, 10:2
See also: Presidential Campaign, General Election Legal Accounting and Compliance Funds

 

 Q

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Qualified Campaign Expenses
Bush-Quayle '92 Primary Committee v. FEC, 3:5

Qualified Nonprofit Corporation
Minnesota Citizens Concerned for Life v. FEC, 7:2; 8:4

Quayle, Dan
Bush-Quayle '92 Primary Committee v. FEC, 3:5

 R

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Reed, Ralph
Complaint against Democratic National Committee and National Rainbow Coalition, MUR 3673,
3:4

Reform Party of Arkansas

AO 1996-51,
3:9

Refunds

Donation from candidate to own campaign, AO 1997-21,
11:8
See also: Contributions

Registration
Failure to file Statement of Organization, Mascara Campaign Committee, MUR 4194,
4:4

Regulations
Best efforts
effective date,
8:8
MUR 4167,
7:8
transmitted to U.S. Congress,
6:6
Civil penalties, increases,
4:4
Expenditures by party committees
public hearing,
6:1; 8:6
Expenditures by qualified nonprofit corporations
alleged unconstitutional, Minnesota Citizens Concerned for Life v. FEC,
7:2
Express Advocacy
petition for rulemaking,
12:1
Invalidated
portions, voter guides and voting records, Clifton v. FEC,
8:1
Member
petition for rulemaking,
8:8
Recordkeeping and reporting
notice of proposed rulemaking,
10:4
Soft Money
petition for rulemaking,
7:1

Reilly, Clinton
_____v. FEC, 1:4

Reports
Amendments,
4:2
Coding unidentified contributions, AO 1996-46,
4:7
Debt settlement,
1:8
Electronic filing,
2:1; 5:9; 7:10; 10:1
Exemption from certain filing requirements, Socialist Workers Party National Campaign Committee, AO 1996-46,
4:7
Failure to file
FEC v. Christian Action Network, On Appeal,
1:5
FEC v. Fund for a Conservative Majority, 11:1
Friends of Ed Harrison, MUR 3951,
8:6
Forms and Schedules, proposed revisions to,
10:4
Forty-eight hour notice requirement
failure to file, FEC v. Charles Woods for U.S. Senate,
4:6
failure to file, MUR 4194,
4:4
failure to file, MUR 4208,
7:9
Legislative recommendations
campaign cycle,
4:1
elimination of post mark date option,
4:1
Schedule for 1997,
1:6; 7:1
Special elections
See:
Elections, Special
Termination of committee
AO 1997-10,
10:5
AO 1997-20,
12:5
800 Line,
1:8
See also: Regulations, Compliance

Republican National Committee
Comments at public hearing on coordinated expenditures,
8:6
MUR 3546,
9:2
MUR 4167,
7:8
_____ v. FEC (94-5248),
2:5
_____ v. FEC (97-1552),
9:1

Republican Party of Florida

MUR 4398,
9:1

Right to Life of Dutchess County, Inc.

_____ v. FEC,
6:8

Rizzo, Nicholas
FEC v. Kalogianis, 5:3
FEC v. McCallum, 2:4

Roukema, Marge

Petition to amend use of soft money,
7:1

Roybal-Allard, Lucille

AO 1996-45,
1:12
AO 1997-11,
9:5

 S

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Sandler, Joseph E.
Testimony on coordinated party expenditures,
8:6

Scheckter, Jody D.

MUR 4090,
3:1; Correction, 4:4

Separate Segregated Fund (SSF)
See: Political Action Committee (PAC)

Shays, Christopher

Petition to amend use of soft money,
7:1

Simon, Donald

Testimony on coordinated party expenditures,
8:6

Snow, Karl
FEC v. Orton, 6:6

Socialist Workers Party

AO 1996-46,
4:7

Soft Money (Nonfederal Funds)
Alleged illegal expenditures of, Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee v. FEC (96-2184),
1:2; 8:3
Petitions to amend regulations on,
7:1
See also: Party Committees

Solicitations
By partnership PAC affiliated with SSF, AO 1996-49,
3:7
Failure to follow rules for, FEC v. Public Citizen,
4:6
Superbowl tickets, FEC v. Williams,
2:3
See also: Best Efforts

Solicitor General
Declines to seek certoriari
FEC v. Christian Action Network,
1:5
Bypass in seeking certiorari, legislative recommendations,
4:1

Specter, Arlen

1996 Presidential committee audit,
12:4

Spice, Dennis

MUR 4399,
10:4

State Law

Georgia, requiring majority vote for election winner, FEC v. Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee (95-2881),
3:2
See also: Preemption

State Party Committee
Failure to register as federal political committee, MUR 4194,
4:4
Kentucky State Democratic Central Executive Committee, allocation of expenses for joint activity, MUR 3637,
5:1
Status of state affiliate as, AO 1996-51,
3:9; AO 1997-3, 6:11; AO 1997-7, 8:9
Transfer of funds from, MUR 4194,
4:4
Use of leftover funds for contributions to federal candidates, AO 1997-20,
12:5

Statistics
Congressional candidates' financial activity
1996 election cycle,
6:9
1997 mid-year reports,
12:1
PAC figures, semiannual report,
9:3
PAC financial activity, 1996 election cycle,
6:9
PACs, annual figures,
3:7
Party committees' financial activity, 1996 election cycle,
5:6
Party committees' financial activity, first quarter of 1998 election cycle,
11:3

Statute of Limitations
Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee v. FEC, 1:2; 8:3
Equitable tolling, FEC v. Williams,
2:3
FEC v. Christian Coalition, 7:2

 T

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Taxpayers Against Deception-No on 165
FEC v. California Democratic Party, 7:5

Termination, Committee
Procedures for, 800 Line,
1:8

Tompkins, Mike
Clark v. FEC and the Commission on Presidential Debates, 5:1

Transfers

From authorized committee of different election cycle, AO 1997-10,
10:5
From campaign depository to investment account, AO 1997-6,
8:8
From federal and nonfederal accounts, MUR 3637,
5:1
From state committee to federal committee, MUR 4194,
4:4

Travel Expenses

Use of campaign funds for
Bipartisan Congressional Retreat, AO 1997-2,
5:8
racial and ethnic relations consultants, AO 1996-45,
1:12
Spanish language immersion program, AO 1997-11,
9:5

Treasurer, Committee

Failure to report name
MUR 3637,
5:1

Tsongas, Paul

Excessive contributions to Presidential campaign, FEC. v. McCallum,
2:4

Tullis, Michael

MUR 4208,
7:9

 U

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United Space Alliance, LLC
AO 1997-13,
10:6

U.S. Taxpayers Party

AO 1997-3,
6:11

US West

AO 1996-49,
3:7

Utahns for Ethical Government
FEC v. Orton, 6:6

 V

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Vendors
Debts owed to,
1:8
Refunds from, AO 1997-21,
11:8

Venezia, Thomas

AO 1997-12,
10:5

Virginia Reform Party

AO 1997-7,
8:9

Voter Drives
FEC v. California Democratic Party, 7:5
FEC v. Christian Coalition, 7:2
In-kind nonprofit corporation contributions to fund, MUR 3673,
3:4

Voter Guides/Voting Records
Clifton v. FEC, 8:1
FEC v. Christian Coalition, 7:2

 W

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Wamp, Zach
Petition to amend regulations on soft money,
7:1

White, William D.

_____ v. FEC,
10:2

Williams, Larry
FEC v. _____, 2:3; 7:5; 11:2

Wilson, Pete
FEC v. California Democratic Party, 7:5
1996 Presidential committees audit report,
12:4

Woods, Charles
FEC v. Charles Woods for U.S. Senate, 4:6

World Wide Web
See: Internet


 Y

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Young, Patricia

Appointment as Assistant Staff Director of FEC Public Disclosure Division,
4:8

 800 Line

 Back to the Alphabetical Links


Amended reports,
4:2
Debt settlement and committee termination,
1:8