ANNUAL INDEX 1996

How to Use This Index

Use the alphabetical links (below) to locate the articles that interest you. Each article listing includes a numerical citation linked to the appropriate issue of the Record. The first number in each citation refers to the "number" (month) of the 1996 Record issue in which the article appeared. The second number, following the colon, indicates the page number in that issue. For example, "1:4" means that the article is in the January issue on page 4. When you click on a citation, you'll download a PDF version of the selected Record issue. (NOTE: To view or print PDF documents, you'll need to dowload free Adobe Acrobat Reader software.)

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X

Y

Z

800 Line

 A

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Addy, John K.

Common Cause v. FEC (94-02104), 5:5

Administrative Complaints

Arbitrary and capricious, legal factors, DSCC v. FEC (96-2184), 12:5

Confidentiality provisions, Stockman v. FEC, 2:9; 10:2; 12:4

Failure to act within statutory period, NRCC v. FEC (96-2295), 11:8

Petition to review, time frame for filing, Jordan v. FEC, 4:12

Unreasonable delay, Stockman v. FEC, 2:9; 10:2; 12:4

Advertising

Independent expenditures used for

­ FEC v. Christian Action Network, 10:1

­ FEC v. Colorado Republican Federal Campaign Committee, 8:1;11:7

Advisory Opinions (AOs)

Alternative disposition of Advisory Opinion Requests (AORs)

­ AOR 1995-37, 2:4

­ AOR 1995-39, 1:15

­ AOR 1996-6, 5:10

Summaries of AOs

­ 1995-38: Corporate vendor and nonconnected PAC with common officer, 1:14

­ 1995-40: Disaffiliation of PACs, 3:7

­ 1995-41: Preemption of state disclosure requirements, 2:3

­ 1995-42: Using campaign funds to pay child-care expenses, 2:4

­ 1995-43: Refunding legal fees to candidate committee, 3:8

­ 1995-44: Presidential primary candidate excused from filing 48-hour notices, 3:8

­ 1995-45: Qualified campaign expenses for ballot access, 3:9

­ 1995-46: Purchase of candidate's book by his campaign, 3:9

­ 1995-47: Use of campaign funds for travel to party's Presidential nominating convention, 5:7

­ 1995-48: Preemption of Georgia law limiting receipt of contributions, 3:10

­ 1996-1: Corporate partisan communications, 5:7

­ 1996-4: Public funding shortfalls and bridge loans, 5:8

­ 1996-5: Refunding illegal contributions, 5:9

­ 1996-7: Public funding certifications, 5:9

­ 1996-8: Local party committees and building funds, 7:6

­ 1996-9: Building library center with excess campaign funds, 6:7

­ 1996-10: Corporate employees as stockholders, 7:7

­ 1996-11: Incumbent appearances at convention of membership organization, 7:9

­ 1996-12: Criteria for qualified campaign expenses, 7:10

­ 1996-13: Property owned by limited liability company used for campaign events, 8:6

­ 1996-14: Use of excess campaign funds for moving expenses, 7:11

­ 1996-15: Discarding envelopes used to mail reports to state, 7:11

­ 1996-16: Definition of news entity, 7:11

­ 1996-17: Cars provided as official vehicles of convention, 7:12

­ 1996-18: Conduit accounts, 8:7

­ 1996-19: Use of campaign funds for travel to Presidential nominating convention: wife and children, 8:8

­ 1996-20: Use of campaign funds for travel to Presidential nominating convention: chief of staff, 8:8

­ 1996-21: Membership organization communications, 8:9

­ 1996-22: Public funding for nonmajor party candidates, 8:10

­ 1996-23: Disaffiliation of reorganized corporations and their SSFs, 9:4

­ 1996-24: Use of campaign funds for certain legal expenses, 8:10

­ 1996-25: Seeking employer information from union members without permanent employment, 11:8

­ 1996-26: Corporation as collecting agent for PAC of affiliated association, 9:5

­ 1996-27: Qualifying as state party committee, 9:6

­ 1996-28: Personal use of campaign funds by former member of Congress, 10:5

­ 1996-29: In-kind contributions designated for more than one election, 10:5

­ 1996-33: Exchange of contributions between federal candidate and state candidates, 10:5

­ 1996-34: Use of campaign funds for travel of Congressman's family, 11:9

­ 1996-36: Application of contribution and spending limits to court-ordered elections, 11:9

­ 1996-37: Application of contribution limits to court-ordered elections, 11:10

­ 1996-38: Solicitable class of nonconnected PAC affiliated with SSF, 11:11

­ 1996-39: Legal fees related to ballot access, 11:12

­ 1996-40: Contributions of campaign funds to nonprofit corporation, 11:12

­ 1996-41: Broadcasting views of candidates for federal and state offices, 11:12

­ 1996-43: Status of affiliate as state political committee, 12:9

­ 1996-44: Use of campaign funds for district office move, 12:9

Affiliation

Between unincorporated association and incorporated trade association, AO 1996-38, 11:11

Disaffiliation

­ PACs, AO 1996-23, 9:4; AO 1995-40, 3:7

­ party committees (state and local), alternative disposition of AOR 1995-39, 1:15

Factors for, AO 1996-26, 9:5

Officer common to both vendor and nonconnected PAC, AO 1995-38, 1:14

AFL-CIO

Prohibited in-kind contributions alleged, NRCC v. FEC (96-2295), 11:8

Albanese, Sal

_____ v. FEC, 5:4, 11:5

American Seniors Housing Association

AO 1996-38, 11:11

Anderson, John

Public funding grant, 1980 Presidential election, 10:3

Arnold & Porter

AO 1995-43, 3:8

Association of Trial Lawyers of America

AO 1996-1, 5:7

Audits

Congressional committees

­ Brown, Sherrod (House), 2:4

­ Jude, Thaddeus (House), 4:2

­ Moseley-Braun, Carol (Senate), 7:1

Final reports, listing, 7:4

Presidential committees

­ regulations streamline audit process, 3:2

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Ballot Access

Payments for ballot access

­ contributions, exempt from definition of, 800 Line article, 2:8

­ qualified campaign expenses, considered as, AO 1995-45, 3:9

­ using contributions for legal fees related to, AO 1996-39, 11:12

Barrick Goldstrike Mines Inc.

AOR 1996-6, alternative disposition, 5:10

Belo, A.H.

AO 1996-41, 11:12

"Best Efforts"

See: Contributor Information

Bloomberg L. P.

AO 1996-16, 7:11

Blosser, Elizabeth

Minnesota Citizens Concerned for Life v. FEC, 3:6

Brady, Kevin

AO 1996-37, 11:10

Breeden-Schmidt Foundation

AO 1996-3, 6:7

Brown, Sherrod

Audit of 1994 campaign (House), 2:4

Browne, Harry

AO 1996-7, 5:9

Buchanan, Patrick J.

_____ v. FEC, repayment determination, 6:4

Building Fund Exemption

AO 1996-8, 7:6

Bundling

See: Contributions, Earmarked

Burns, Conrad

Common Cause v. FEC (94-02104), 5:5

Business Council of Alabama

AO 1996-21, 8:9

 

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Cable Television Stations

Regulations on debates and news stories, 3:1; 6:1; 8:1; 8:7

See also: Media

Campaign Funds

Excess

See: Excess Campaign Funds

Personal use of

See: Personal Use of Campaign Funds

Campbell, James

Grant, public funding for 1996 Presidential election, 10:3

Candidates

Ballot access, payments for, not considered contributions

­ AO 1996-38, 11:11

­ 800 Line article, 2:8

Book purchased by campaign, AO 1995-46, 3:9

Broadcasting views of, AO 1996-41, 11:12

Incumbent franking privilege, Albanese v. FEC, 5:4; 11:5

MCFL rulemaking

­ corporate/labor activity, 2:1; 4:1

­ debates staged by cable television stations, 3:1

Personal use of campaign funds

See: Personal Use of Campaign Funds

Point-of-entry change, House candidates, 2:1; 6:2

Presidential candidates

See: Public Funding

Transfers from nonfederal campaign to federal election through other nonfederal campaigns, AO 1996-33, 10:5

Voting records, MCFL rulemaking, 4:1

See also: Audits, Debates, Statistics, Presidential Race, Public Funding

Cannon, Chris

AO 1996-29, 10:5

Center for Responsive Politics

_____ v. FEC, 1:3

Chamber of Commerce of the U.S.A.

_____ v. FEC, 1:2; 5:6

Choate, Pat

Grant, public funding for 1996 Presidential election, 10:3

Perot '96 v. FEC and Commission on Presidential Debates, 11:1

Christian Action Network

FEC v. _____, 10:1

Clifton, Robin

_____ v. FEC, 5:6; 7:1; 9:3

Clinton, William J.

Advertisements, critical of, FEC v. Christian Action Network, 10:1

Grant, public funding for 1996 Presidential election, 10:3

Request to suspend public funding, 11:3

Colantuono, Thomas P.

AO 1996-33, 10:5

Colorado Republican Federal Campaign Committee

FEC v. _____, 8:1; 11:7

Regulations to conform with FEC v. _____, 9:1

Commission on Presidential Debates

Perot '96 and Natural Law Party v. FEC and _____, 11:1

Common Cause

_____ v. FEC (94-02104), 5:5

Compliance

Brokerage firm's use of contributor lists for cold calls, MUR 4320, 12:3

Civil penalties assessed

­ FEC v. John J. Murray for Congress Committee, 11:7

­ FEC v. Survival Education Fund, 11:6

­ MUR 4320, 12:3

Civil penalties sought in court

­ FEC v. Christian Coalition, 9:1

­ FEC v. Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee (95-2881), 1:5

­ FEC v. Hartnett for U.S. Senate, 4:12

­ FEC v. Kalogianis, 10:2

­ FEC v. McCallum, 9:2

­ FEC v. Parisi, 3:6

­ FEC v. National Right to Work Committee, 4:11

­ FEC v. Wofford, 6:4

Confidentiality of MURs, Stockman v. FEC, 2:9; 10:2; 12:4

Democratic National Committee failure to file pre-general report, 12:5

Dismissal of MUR challenged in court, Jordan v. FEC, 4:12

Expedited investigation requested

­ DCCC v. FEC (96-0764), 6:4

­ DSCC v. FEC (96-2184), 12:5

MURs made public, 1:15; 2:10; 3:10; 4:13; 5:14; 6:8; 7:2; 10:9

Nonfilers, 3:10; 4:12; 5:14; 6:8; 8:3; 10:9; 12:8

CompuServe Inc.

AO 1996-2, 6:6

Conference of the Inter-American Union of Electoral Bodies

FEC becomes member of, 11:15

Conferences

FEC regional conferences

­ Chicago, 3:1

Continental Airlines

AO 1995-40, 3:7

Contributions

Accepted by Presidential candidates in general election, Center for Responsive Politics v. FEC, 1:3

Ballot access payments exempt from definition of, 800 Line article, 2:8

Earmarking

­ AO 1996-1, 5:7

­ bundling, 800 Line article, 8:2

­ Common Cause v. FEC (94-02104), 5:5

­ conduit accounts, AO 1996-18, 8:7

Individual limits challenged, Grover v. FEC, 7:6

In-kind

­ book purchases in bulk, AO 1995-46, 3:9

­ designating contribution of computer equipment, excess of $1,000, AO 1996-29, 10:5

­ use of townhouse for campaign event, AO 1996-13, 8:6

­ voter drives coordinated with candidate, FEC v. Christian Coalition, 9:1

Out-of-state/district contributions, legal challenge

­ Hooker v. FEC, 3:7

­ Whitmore v. FEC, 3:6

Presidential campaigns, receipts of top ten, 3:5

Private contributions, legal challenge to

­ Albanese v. FEC, 5:4, 11:5

Special limits in 1996 Texas congressional district elections, AO 1996-36 11:9; AO 1996-37, 11:10

Triggering the 48-hour reporting rule

­ FEC v. Hartnett for U.S. Senate, 4:12

­ FEC v. John J. Murray for Congress, 8:5; 11:7

Undesignated, 800 Line article, 12:2

Contributions, Prohibited

Contributions in the name of another, AO 1996-33, 10:5

Limits exceeded

­ audit, Carol Moseley-Braun's Senate campaign, 7:1

­ audit, Sherrod Brown's '94 House campaign, limits on individual contributions to candidates, 2:4

­ audit, Thaddeus Jude's '94 House campaign, limits on individual contributions to candidates (involves trust account), 4:2

­ calendar year limits on individuals, for national party committees and PACs, FEC v. Parisi, 3:6

­ during special election, FEC v. Wofford, 6:4

­ excessive loans to Tsongas Presidential campaign, FEC v. Kalogianis, 10:2; FEC v. McCallum, 9:2

­ national party committee contributions to Senate nominees, FEC v. DSCC (95-2881), 1:5

­ party committee contributions to Senate nominees, Common Cause v. FEC (94-02104), 5:5

Refunding, AO 1996-5, 5:9

Transfers from nonfederal campaign to federal election through other nonfederal campaigns, AO 1996-33, 10:5

Contributor Information

Best efforts to obtain

­ proposed changes to regulations, 11:1

­ RNC v. FEC (94-1017), 4:10; 9:3

­ union employees aboard various merchant vessels, AO 1996-25, 11:8

Illegal use of, mailing lists derived from FEC reports

­ Brokerage firm, MUR 4320, 12:3

­ FEC v. Legi-Tech, 4:9

Conventions

Office-seekers speaking at, AO 1996-11, 7:9

Presidential Nominating

­ Corporate/Labor activity in connection with, AO 1996-17, 7:12; 800 Line article, 2:7

­ Public funding for major parties, use of excess campaign funds to attend, 5:11

­ Travel expenses for, AO 1996-19, 8:8; AO 1996-34, 11:9

See also: Delegates

Cooley, Wester S.

AO 1996-24; 8:10

Coordination

Activity with Candidate

­ by trade association, AO 1996-1, 5:7

­ during organization convention, AO 1996-11, 7:9

­ FEC v. Christian Coalition, 9:1

Party expenditures

­ FEC v. Colorado Republican Federal Campaign Committee, 8:1; 9:1; 11:7

Corporations

Collecting agent for affiliated association's PAC, AO 1996-26, 9:5

Communications by

­ AO 1996-1, 5:7

­ AO 1996-11, 7:9

Conventions, Presidential nominating

­ official provider arrangements, AO 1996-17, 7:12

­ permissible activity, general, 800 Line article, 2:7

Employees as stockholders, AO 1996-10, 7:7

Expenditures

­ Maine Right to Life v. FEC, 1:3; 4:9; 5:6; 12:1

­ Clifton v. FEC, 5:6; 7:1; 9:3

­ FEC v. Christian Coalition, 9:1

Limited liability company's property used for campaign, AO 1996-13, 8:6

Regulations on corporate/labor activity (MCFL rulemaking), 2:1; 4:1

­ legal challenge to, Clifton v. FEC, 5:6; 7:1; 9:3

Solicitation

­ employees who own company stock through corporate savings fund plan, AO 1996-10, 7:7

Vendor officer associated with nonconnected PAC, AO 1995-38, 1:14

See also: Membership Organizations, Qualified Nonprofit Corporations

Court Cases

Appeal status, 5:6; 7:6; 9:3; 11:5; 12:4

FEC v. _____

­ Christian Action Network, 10:1

­ Christian Coalition, 9:1

­ Colorado Republican Federal Campaign Committee, 8:1; 9:1; 11:4; 11:7

­ Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee (95-2881), 1:5

­ GOPAC, 4:1; 5:6

­ Hartnett, 4:12

­ Kalogianis, 10:2

­ Legi-Tech, 4:9

­ McCallum, 9:2

­ Murray for Congress, 8:5; 11:7

­ National Right to Work, 4:11

­ Parisi, 3:6

­ Survival Education Fund, 11:6

­ Wofford, 6:4

_____ v. FEC

­ Albanese, 5:4; 11:5

­ Buchanan, 6:4

­ Center for Responsive Politics, 1:3

­ Chamber of Commerce of the U.S.A., 1:2; 5:6

­ Clifton, 5:6; 7:1; 9:3

­ Common Cause (94-02104), 5:5

­ Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee (96-0764), 6:4

­ Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee (96-2109), 11:7

­ Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee (95-0349), 7:5

­ Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee (96-2184), 12:5

­ Grover, 7:6

­ Hooker, 3:7

­ Jordan, 4:12

­ Maine Right to Life Committee, 1:3; 4:9; 5:6; 12:1

­ Minnesota Citizens Concerned for Life, 3:6; 6:3; 7:6

­ National Republican Congressional Committee (96-2295), 11:8

­ Natural Law Party, 11:1

­ Perot '96, 11:1

­ Reilly, 8:5

­ Republican National Committee (94-1017), 4:10; 9:3

­ Republican National Committee (96-2494), 12:4

­ Stockman, 2:9; 10:2; 12:4

­ Whitmore, 3:6

Credit Cards

FEC materials purchased with Visa/Mastercard, 4:2; 5:13

Credit Unions

Conventions, Presidential nominating, permissible support from credit unions, 800 Line article, 2:7

 

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D'Amato, Alfonse

AO 1995-46, 3:9

Day, Clinton

AO 1995-48, 3:10

Debates

Regulations

­ governing criteria, sponsorship and funding for nonpartisan debates, Perot '96 and Natural Law Party v. FEC and the Commission on Presidential Debates, 11:1

­ staged by cable television stations, 3:1; 6:1

­ support given by corporate/labor organization, 4:1

Delegates

PACs as sources of support, 800 Line article, 2:7

Travel to party's Presidential nominating convention, 5:7; 8:8; 11:9

Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee

_____ v. FEC (96-00764), 6:4

Independent expenditures

­ lawsuit to expedite action, DCCC v. FEC (96-2109), 11:7

­ petition for rulemaking, 9:2; 10:9; 11:4

Democratic National Committee

National party activity, 1995-1996 election cycle, 12:6

RNC v. DNC and FEC, 12:4

Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee

_____v. FEC (95-0349), 7:5

_____v. FEC (96-2184), 12:5

FEC v. _____ (95-2881), 1:5

Independent expenditures, petition for rulemaking, 10:9; 11:4

­ lawsuit to expedite action, 11:7

Disclaimers

Failure to comply with the regulations on

­ FEC v. Christian Action Network, 10:1

­ FEC v. Survival Education Fund, 11:6

Regulations revised, 1:13

Disclosure

Sale and use restriction, MUR 4320, 12:3

Document Maintenance Regulations

AO 1996-15, 7:11

Dole for President Inc.

Request to suspend public funding, 11:3

Dole, Robert J.

Grant, public funding for 1996 Presidential election, 10:3

Request to suspend public funding, 11:3

 

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Eastern Airlines

AO 1995-40, 3:7

Elections

Runoff

­ contribution limits for, FEC v. Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee (95-2881), 1:5

Special

­ California (House, 37th district), 2:5

­ Georgia (House districts and Senate), 5:1

­ Kansas (Senate), 7:16; 8:7

­ Maryland (House, 7th district), 2:1; 3:2

­ Missouri (House, 8th district), 10:8

­ Oregon (House, 3rd district), 3:2

­ Texas (House, 3rd, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 18th, 22nd, 24th, 25th, 26th, 29th and 30th districts), 10:7; 11:9; 11:10

Electronic Filing

Public Law 104-79 authorizes FEC to develop, 2:2

Regulations, 4:20; 5:1; 10:3; 10:9; 11:1; 12:5

Elliott, Lee Ann

Elected 1996 FEC Chairman, 1:1

Message to readers, 1:1

Entrepreneurs Fund

AO 1995-38, 1:14

Excess Campaign Funds

Used for

­ certain legal expenses, AO 1996-24, 8:10

­ contributions to nonprofit organizations, AO 1996-40, 11:12

­ library center, AO 1996-9, 6:7

­ moving expenses, AO 1996-14, 7:11

Exon, J. James

AO 1996-9, 6:7

Express Advocacy

Alleged, FEC v. Christian Coalition, 9:1

By for-profit sole proprietorship, FEC jurisdiction challenged, Reilly v. FEC, 8:5

Definition in FEC regulations invalidated by court

­ Clifton v. FEC, 5:6; 7:1; 9:3

­ Maine Right to Life Committee v. FEC, 1:3; 4:9; 5:6; 12:1

Distinguished from issue adds

­ FEC v. Christian Action Network, 10:1

Office seeker speaking at convention, AO 1996-11, 7:9

 

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Federal Election Commission

Budget request FY '97, 5:3

Commissioners

­ Chairman's message, 1:1

­ officers elected, 1:1

Exclusive jurisdiction over civil complaints

­ Perot '96 and Natural Law Party v. FEC and the Commission on Presidential Debates, 11:1

­ RNC v. DNC and FEC, 12:4

Federal information relay system aids persons with hearing and speech impairments, 5:14

Reduction in Record features, 9:8

World Wide Web FEC home page, 3:1; 6:2; 9:5; 12:5

See also: Compliance

Federal Register

Notices, 1:8; 2:8; 3:8; 4:10; 5:3; 6:9; 8:7; 10:9; 11:4; 12:5

Forbes, Malcolm S.

AO 1995-44, 3:8

FTD Inc.

AO 1996-26, 9:5

Fulani, Lenora B.

Public funding for 1996 Presidential election, AO 1996-12, 7:10

Repayment determination, hearing, 4:16

 

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Garza, Kika de la

AO 1996-14, 7:11

General Election Legal and Accounting Compliance Funds

Grant, public funding for 1996 Presidential election, allows acceptance of, 10:3

Legality of challenged, Center for Responsive Politics v. FEC, 1:3

Regulations pertaining to take effect, 3:2

GOPAC

FEC v. _____, 4:1; 5:6

Gore, Albert

Grant, public funding for 1996 Presidential election, 10:3

Green Party

AO 1996-43, 12:9

Whitmore v. FEC, 3:6

Grover, Henry C.

_____ v. FEC, 7:6

 

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Hagelin, John

AO 1995-45, 3:9

Certified to receive matching funds in 1996, 2:3

Perot '96 and Natural Law Party v. FEC and the Commission on Presidential Debates, 11:1

Hancock, Mel

AO 1996-40, 11:12

Hartnett for U.S. Senate

FEC v. _____, 4:12

Heintz, Susan

AO 1996-39, 11:12

Hooker, John Jay

_____ v. FEC, 3:7

Host Committees

Funding from corporate and labor organizations, 800 Line article, 2:7

 

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Independent Expenditures

Advertisements

­ FEC v. Christian Action Network, 10:1

­ FEC v. Colorado Republican Federal Campaign Committee, 8:1; 11: 7

FEC v. Christian Coalition, 9:1

New FEC Form 5, 6:2

Rulemaking, in regard to political committees, 9:1; 11:4

­ DCCC v. FEC (96-2109), 11:7

Twenty-four hour notice requirements for, 800 Line article, 9:3

Internet

Access to FEC statistical information, 2:9

Current and back Record issues, 9:5

MURs available on the World Wide Web, 10:9

Providing free on-line accounts to federal candidates, AO 1996-2, 6:6

World Wide Web FEC home page, 3:1; 6:2; 9:5; 12:5

Issue Advocacy

Clifton v. FEC, 5:6; 7:1; 9:3

Maine Right to Life v. FEC, 1:3; 4:9; 5:6; 12:1

ITT Corporation (also ITT Hartford Group Inc. and ITT Industries Inc.)

AO 1996-23, 9:4

 

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Jordan, Absalom

_____ v. FEC, 4:12

Jude, Thaddeus

Audit of 1994 campaign (House), 4:2

 

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Kalogianis, Anastasios

FEC v. _____, 10:2

Kemp, Jack

Grant, public funding for 1996 Presidential election, 10:3

Keyes, Alan

Certified to receive matching funds, 4:16

Kim, Jay

AO 1996-5, 5:9

 

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Labor Organizations

AFL-CIO accused of making illegal expenditures, NRCC v. FEC (96-2295), 11:8

Conventions, Presidential nominating, permissible activity, 800 Line article, 2:7

MCFL rulemaking

­ corporate/labor activity, 2:1; 4:1

Lally, Grant

Alleged impermissible funds used in federal campaign, DCCC v. FEC (96-00764), 6:4

LaRouche, Lyndon

AO 1996-4, 5:8

Legal Fees

Refunded to candidate committee, AO 1995-43, 3:8

Using contributions to

­ defend challenge to ballot access, AO 1996-39, 11:12

­ refute allegations of wrongdoing, AO 1996-24; 8:10

See also: General Election Legal and Accounting Compliance Funds

Legislation

Electronic filing, Public Law 104-79, 2:2; 12:1

Point-of-entry change, Public Law 104-79, 2:1

Recommendations for legislative changes, FEC submission to Congress and President, 5:3

Legi-Tech

FEC v. _____, 4:9

Leighton, Tom

Status of Green Party of New York as state committee, AO 1996-43, 12:9

Libertarian Party

Public funding for, AO 1996-7, 5:9

State committee qualifying as state party of, AO 1996-27, 9:6

Loans

Audit on Jude for Congress, loans through trust accounts, 4:2

Excessive, made to Tsongas for President Committee

­ FEC v. Kalogianis, 10:2

­ FEC v. McCallum, 9:2

Public funding shortfall and bridge loans, AO 1996-4, 5:8

Reporting

­ failure to file 48-hour notice for receipt of loan, FEC v. John J. Murray for Congress Committee, 8:5; 11:7

Los Angeles County Republican Central Committee

AOR 1995-39, alternative disposition, 5:15

Lucas, Frank D.

AO 1996-20, 8:8

Lucey, Patrick

Public funding grant, 1980 Presidential election, 10:3

 

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Maine Right to Life Committee

Clifton v. FEC, 5:6; 7:1; 9:3

_____ v. FEC, 1:3; 4:9; 5:6; 12:1

Major Purpose Test

Defining political committees

­ FEC v. GOPAC, 4:1; 5:6

­ Status of foundation, AO 1996-3, 6:7

Maloney, Carolyn

AO 1995-41, 2:3

McCallum, Elkin

FEC v. _____, 9:2

McCrery, Jim

AO 1995-42, 2:4

McDonald, Danny L.

1995 FEC chairman, 1:1

McGarry, John Warren

Elected 1996 FEC Vice Chairman, 1:1

Media

Electronic

­ use of press exemption to conduct "town meetings" with federal candidates on internet, AO 1996-16, 7:11

News story exemption

­ Bloomberg, AO 1996-16, 7:11

­ PBS affiliates, AO 1996-41,11:12

Membership Organizations

Candidate appearance, AO 1996-11, 7:9

Communications to members

­ AO 1996-1, 5:7

­ AO 1996-21, 8:9

Incumbent appearances at convention of National Right to Life Committee, AO 1996-11, 7:9

"Member" defined

­ AO 1996-21, 8:9

­ AOR 1995-37, alternative disposition, 2:4

­ Chamber of Commerce of the U.S.A. v. FEC, 1:2

Miller, Ellen

Executive Director, Center for Responsive Politics, 1:3

Minnesota Citizens Concerned for Life

_____ v. FEC, 3:6; 6:3; 7:6

Minor Party Candidates

Public funding for, AO 1996-22, 8:10

See also: Browne, Fulani, Green Party, Hagelin, Libertarian Party, Nader, Natural Law Party, Perot, Perot '96

Montana Republican Party

Common Cause v. FEC, 5:5

See also: Contributions, Earmarking; Contributions, Prohibited (Party committee contributions to senate nominees)

Moseley-Braun, Carol

Audit, 7:1

Motor Voter Law

See: National Voter Registration Act

Murray, John J.

FEC v. John J. Murray for Congress Committee, 8:5; 11:7

 

 N

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Nader, Ralph

Status of Green Party of New York as state committee, AO 1996-43, 12:9

National Association of Realtors

AOR 1995-37, alternative disposition, 2:4

National Multi Housing Council

AO 1996-38, 11:11

National Republican Congressional Committee

_____ v. FEC (96-2295), 11:8

National Republican Senatorial Committee

Accused of making illegal expenditures, DSCC v. FEC (95-0349) 7:5; 12:5

Alleged coordination with Christian Coalition on voter guides, 9:1

National Right to Life Committee

AO 1996-11, 7:9

National Right to Work Committee

_____ v. FEC, 4:11

National Voter Registration Act

Mail-in registration form, 5:11

Natural Law Party

AO 1995-45, 3:9

AO 1995-49, 6:6

Perot '96 and Natural Law Party v. FEC and the Commission on Presidential Debates, 11:1

News Story Exemption

See: Media

Nonconnected Committees

Affiliation with trade association SSF, AO 1996-38, 11:11

Common officer with committee and corporate vendor, AO 1995-38, 1:14

Nonfederal Funds

See: Party Committees

Nonprofit

Corporations, independent expenditures

­ FEC v. Survival Education Fund, 11:6

Donation of excess campaign funds to, AO 1996-40, 11:12

 

 P

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Parisi, Angelo

FEC v. _____, 3:6

Party Committees

Ballot access, payments for, 800 Line article, 2:8

Building funds, AO 1996-8, 7:6

Colorado Republican Federal Campaign Committee, 8:1; 9:1; 11:7

Coordinated party expenditures

­ 1996 limits, 4:14

­ Federal Register notice, 10:9

Disaffiliation of state and county party committees, AOR 1995-39, alternative disposition, 1:15

Financial activity, 1995-1996 election cycle, 12:6

Independent expenditures

­ FEC v. Colorado Republican Federal Campaign Committee, 8:1; 11:7

­ lawsuit for expedited decision, DCCC v. FEC (96-2109), 11:7

­ regulations to conform with FEC v. Colorado Republican Federal Campaign Committee, 9:1

­ rulemaking, 11:4

Senate campaign limit

­ Common Cause v. FEC (94-02104), 5:5

­ FEC v. DSCC (95-2881), 1:5

Soft money

­ alleged spending in congressional campaign, NRCC v. FEC (96-2295), 11:8; DSCC v. FEC (95-3049), 7:5; DSCC v. FEC (96-2184), 12:5

­ giving advantage to incumbents, Grover v. FEC, 7:6

­ spending by national committees, 12:6; 12:7

Status of affiliate as political committee, AO 1996-43, 12:9

See also: Political Action Committees, Statistics

Perot, H. Ross

Grant, public funding for 1996 Presidential election, AO 1996-22, 8:9; 10:3

Perot '96 and Natural Law Party v. FEC and the Commission on Presidential Debates, 11:1

Request to suspend public funding, 12:2

Perot '96

_____ and Natural Law Party v. FEC and the Commission on Presidential Debates, 11:1

See also: Perot, H. Ross, Reform Party

Personal Use of Campaign Funds

Book deal, AO 1995-46, 3:9

By former congressman, grandfathered, AO 1996-28, 10:5

Candidate and family travel expenses to national convention, campaign tour through major cities, AO 1996-34, 11:9

Candidate and spouse travel to national convention

­ AO 1995-47, 5:7

­ AO 1996-19, 8:8

Child-care expenses, AO 1995-42, 2:4

Donation to nonprofit organization where donating congressman is officer, AO 1996-40, 11:12

Library, AO 1996-9, 6:7

Moving expenses in winding down congressional office

­ AO 1996-14, 7:11

­ AO 1996-44, 12:9

Staff travel to national convention, AO 1996-20, 8:8

Political Action Committees

Corporation acting as collecting agent for PAC, AO 1996-26, 9:5

Disaffiliation of

­ AO 1995-40, 3:7

­ AO 1996-40, 9:4

PAC count, year-end, 4:18

Reporting contributor information available to connected organization, 11:1

See also: Conventions, Nonconnected Committees, Statistics

Political Committee

See: Candidates, Major Purpose Test, Nonconnected Committees, Party Committees, Political Action Committees, Statistics

Preemption

Georgia law on contribution limits, AO 1995-48, 3:10

Kentucky law on party building fund, AO 1996-8, 7:6

New York law on reporting, AO 1995-41, 2:3

Presidential Race

Coordinated party expenditure limit for nominee, 4:14

Debates, Perot '96 and Natural Law Party v. FEC and the Commission on Presidential Debates, 11:1

Exemption from 48-hour notice, AO 1995-44, 3:8

Presidential candidate summary report, 3:4-5

See also: Public Funding

Primary Committee

Clinton/Gore '96 Primary Committee, request to suspend public funding, 11:3

Publications

Available from

­ FEC's World Wide Web home page, 3:1; 12:5

­ Office of Election Administration, 10:6; 11:5

Brochures addressing common questions, 4:2

Brochures on World Wide Web, 12:5

Campaign Finance Law 96, 9:4

Campaign Guide for Party Committees, revised, 10:4

Combined Federal and State Disclosure Directory 1996, 5:13

Explanations and justifications for FEC regulations: 1975-present, 2:10

Statistical final reports for '94 cycle, 2:9

Public Funding

Audits of recipients

See: Audits

Bridge loans, AO 1996-4, 5:8

Cash flow problems of Presidential public funding program, 1:13; 5:10

­ AO 1996-4, 5:8

Certifications

­ Browne, Harry, AO 1996-7, 5:9

­ Hagelin, John, 2:3

­ Keyes, Alan, 4:16

Convention funding for 1996, 5:11

See also: Conventions, Presidential Nominating

GELAC funds, Center for Responsive Politics v. FEC, 1:3

Grants for 1996 election, 10:3

Matching funds, 1996 payouts, 2:3; 4:16; 5:10

Minor party candidates

See: Minor Party Candidates

 

 Q

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Qualified campaign expenses

­ ballot access payments, AO 1995-45, 3:9

­ Lenora B. Fulani for President '96 Committee, AO 1996-12, 7:10

Regulations, changes to, 3:2

Repayment determination, challenge to

­ Buchanan v. FEC, 6:4

Repayment determinations, hearings

­ Fulani, Dr. Lenora B., 4:16

­ Wilder, L. Douglas, 5:11

Repayment determinations, initial

See: Audits

Request to suspend

Clinton, William J., 11:3

Dole, Robert J., 11:3

Perot, H. Ross, 12:2

See also: General Election Legal Accounting and Compliance Funds

Qualified Campaign Expenses

Ballot access fee, AO 1995-45, 3:9

Criteria, AO 1996-12, 7:10

Qualified Nonprofit Corporations

Definition in FEC regulations challenged, Minnesota Citizens Concerned for Life v. FEC, 3:6; 6:3; 7:6

Quinlan, James

Whitmore v. FEC, 3:6

 

 R

 Back to the Alphabetical Links

Reform Party

See: Perot '96, Perot, H. Ross

Refunds

Of illegal contributions, AO 1996-5, 5:9

Of legal fees, AO 1995-43, 3:8

Regulations

"Best Efforts," proposed changes, 11:1; 11:4

Cable television, 6:1

Disclaimer regulations revised, 1:13

Electronic filing, 4:20; 5:1; 10:3; 11:1; 12:1

GELAC funds, Center for Responsive Politics v. FEC, 1:3

Independent expenditures by party committees, 9:1

MCFL rulemaking

­ corporate/labor activity, 2:1; 4:1

­ debates staged by cable television stations, 3:1; 6:1

See also: Express Advocacy, Qualified Nonprofit Corporations

Public funding, revisions take effect, 3:2

Reilly, Clinton

_____ v. FEC, 8:5

Reports

Democratic National Committee, failure to file pre-general, RNC v. DNC and FEC, 12:4

Electronic filing system, 2:2; 4:20; 5:1; 10:3; 11:2; 12:1

Forty-eight hour notice requirement

­ failure to file, FEC v. John J. Murray for Congress Committee, 8:5; 11:7; FEC v. Hartnett for U.S. Senate, 4:12

­ Presidential candidate exemption from, AO 1995-44, 3:8

Independent expenditures, new FEC Form 5, 6:2

Point of entry change for House candidates, 2:1; 6:2

Post-election due date, 11:3

Reporting employer information for contributor without permanent employment, AO 1996-25, 11:8

Reporting reminders, 4:3; 6:1; 10:1; 11:3

Schedule for 1996, 1:5

Special elections

See: Elections

State reporting requirements

­ Campaign Finance Law 96, 9:4

­ preemption of, AO 1995-41, 2:3

Tips on reporting, 800 Line article, 5:1

Twenty-four hour notice requirements, 800 Line article, 9:3

Republican National Committee

_____ v. FEC (94-1017), 4:10; 9:3

_____ v. DNC and FEC, 12:4

Ritter, Don

AO 1996-28, 10:5

Rosenberg, Herb

Request to suspend public funding for Ross Perot, 12:2

 

 S

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Sale and Use Restriction

MUR 4320, 12:3

Seafarers Political Activity Donation

AO 1996-25, 11:8

Separate Segregated Funds (SSFs)

See: Political Action Committees (PACS)

Soft Money (Nonfederal Funds)

See: Party Committees

Solicitations

See: Contributor Information, Corporations

State Law

Barring transfers from state campaign committee to federal campaign committee, AO 1996-33, 10:5

Campaign Finance Law 96, 9:4

Preempted by FECA

­ AO 1995-41, 2:3

­ AO 1995-48, 3:10

State Party Committee

Qualifying as

­ Green Party (New York), AO 1996-43, 12:9

­ Libertarian Party (Illinois), AO 1996-27, 9:6

Statistics

Available on Internet, 2:9; 3:1

Congressional receipts by '96 candidates, 5:12; 7:7; 10:4

Matching funds, initial 1996 payout, 2:3

National party financial activity, 5:13; 7:7; 12:6

PAC count, mid-year, 9:7

PAC count, year-end, 4:18

PAC financial activity, 15-month statistics, 8:5

PAC financial activity, 18-month statistics, 11:3

PAC financial activity, 1995, 6:5

Party receipts for 1995, 5:12

Statute of Limitations

Civil penalties, enforcement of, FEC v. National Right to Work Committee, 4:11

Matters Under Review, challenging FEC's decision to dismiss, Jordan v. FEC, 4:12

Stockman, Steven

_____ v. FEC, 2:9; 10:2; 12:4

Survival Education Fund

_____ v. FEC, 11:6

 

 T

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Thornberry, William M.

AO 1996-34, 11:9

Tillinghast, Muriel

Status of Green Party of New York as state committee, AO 1996-43, 12:9

Tompkins, Mike

Perot '96 and Natural Law Party v. FEC and the Commission on Presidential Debates, 11:1

Trade Associations

Communications by, AO 1996-1, 5:7

Travel Expenses

Automobiles loaned for use at national party conventions, AO 1996-17, 7:12

Family of federal candidate

­ AO 1996-19, 8:8

­ AO 1996-34, 11:9

Government vehicle, use in publicly funded campaign, revised regulations take effect, 3:2

Staff of federal candidate

­ AO 1996-20, 8:8

Trust Accounts

Audit report on Thaddeus Jude's '94 House campaign, 4:2

Tsongas, Paul

FEC v. Kalogianis, 10:2

FEC v. McCallum, 9:2

 

 U

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Underwood, Robert

AO 1995-47, 5:7

 

 V

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Voter Drives

FEC v. Christian Coalition, 9:1

MCFL rulemaking, 4:1

Voter Guides (Voting Records)

Corporate preparation and distribution of

­ Clifton v. FEC, 5:6; 7:1; 9:3

­ FEC v. Christian Coalition, 9:1

­ MCFL rulemaking, 4:1

Voting

Publications

­ Election Directory 96, 11:5

­ Ensuring Accessibility of the Election Process, 11:5

­ Federal Election Law 96, 11:5

­ Journal of Election Administration Vol. 17, special voting populations, citizenship requirements, 11:5

­ Simplifying Election Forms and Materials, 11:5

 

 W

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Walsh, James T.

AO 1996-19, 8:8

Whitmore, Joni

_____ v. FEC, 3:6

Wilder, Douglas

Repayment determination, 5:11

Wilson, Charles

AO 1996-44, 12:9

Wirth, Tim

FEC v. Colorado Republican Federal Campaign Committee, 8:1

Wofford, Harris

FEC v. _____, 6:4

 

 800 Line

 Back to the Alphabetical Links

800 Line

Ballot access payments, 2:8

Bundling by individuals, 8:2

Conventions, permissible corporate and labor activity, 2:7; correction, 9:4

Last-minute independent expenditures, 24-hour notices, 9:3

Reporting tips, 5:1

Undesignated contributions, 12:2