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HOME / LAW & REGULATIONS / REGULATIONS / E&J - MAIN / CITATION INDEX / PART 114

E&J Citation Index
General Regulations: Part 114

The Citation Index lists numerically, then chronologically, all regulations that have a written Explanation and Justification (E&J).

For each regulation listed, the index provides the subject and the year the rule took effect. (For notices prior to April 2005, the page number in the Paper Version of the Compilation is also included.) Be aware that a citation may cover different subjects over the years. The conversion tables trace the periodic reorganization and renumbering of regulations. The Appendix lists previous citations for any current regulation that has been renumbered. Users of this Compilation are referred to the Appendix by an asterisk next to the subject category in this index. If the E&J simply explains an amendment to the regulation, but not a change in Commission policy or citation, only the year and the page are given for the E&J. To locate a particular E&J for a regulation, simply look up the citation, then match up the subject and year, and click on the Year/Link listed.

The PDF files on this web site may be viewed or printed using the Adobe® Acrobat® Reader available from Adobe Systems Incorporated.

 

Part 114: Corporate and Labor Organization Activity

Citation

Subject

Year/
Link

Paper
Version
Page

114.1 - Definitions
62

-

-

-

1980

136

-

-

-

1992

339

-

-

-

1994

369

-

-

-

1994

412

-

-

-

1996

492

-

-

-

1999

538

-

-

-

2002

645

-

(a)

Contribution and expenditure

1977

62

-

- -

1980

136

-

- -

1992

339

-

- -

1994

412

-

- -

1996

492

-

(a)(1) Contribution and expenditure

1977

62

-

- -

1980

136

-

- -

1996

492

-

- -

2002

747

-

(a)(2) Exemptions

1977

62

-

- -

1980

136

-

- -

1992

339

-

- -

1994

412

-

- -

1996

492

-

(a)(2)(i) Communications

1977

62

-

(a)(2)(ii)

Voter drives

1977

62

-

-

-

1996

492

-

(a)(2)(iii)

Separate segregated fund

1977

62

-

(a)(2)(iv)

Honoraria

1977

62

-

-

Section deleted

1992

339

-

(a)(2)(v)

Corporate vendors

1977

63

-

(a)(2)(vi)

Legal or accounting services rendered to party

1977

63

-

-

-

1980

136

-

(a)(2)(vii)

Legal or accounting services rendered to campaign

1977

63

-

-

-

1980

136

-

(a)(2)(viii)

Convention activity

1977

63

-

-

-

1994

412

-

(a)(2)(ix)

Building fund

1977

63

-

-

-

1980

136

-

-

-

2002

645

-

(b)

Establishment, administration and solicitation costs

1977

63

-

(c)

Executive or administrative personnel

1977

63

-

(c)(2)(iii)

Former personnel who aren't stockholders

1977

63

-

(c)(2)(iv)

Consultants

1977

63

-

(c)(3)

Individuals on commission

1977

63

-

(d)

Labor organization

1977

63

-

(e)

Members

1977

64

-

-

-

1993

375

-

-

-

1999

538

-

(e)(1)

Membership association

1993

375

-

-

-

1999

538

-

(e)(2)

Definition of member

1993

375

-

-

-

1999

538

-

(e)(2)(i)

Investment or ownership stake

1993

375

-

(e)(2)(ii)

Dues and voting rights

1993

375

-

 

Annual membership dues

1999

538

-

(e)(2)(iii)

Significant voting rights

1993

376

-

(e)(3)

Special cases

1993

376

-

(e)(4)

Members of local union

1993

377

-

(e)(5)

Multi-tiered organizations

1999

538

-

(e)(6)

Inapplicability of State law

1999

538

-

(f)

Method of facilitating the making of voluntary contributions

1977

64

-

(g)

Method of soliciting voluntary contributions

1977

64

-

(h)

Stockholder

1977

64

-

(i)

Voluntary contributions

1977

64

-

(j)

Restricted class for communications

1996

492

114.2

-

Prohibitions on contributions and expenditures

1977

64

-

-

-

1995

465

-

-

-

1996

493

-

-

-

2002

694

- - -
-
- - Prohibitions on contributions, expenditures and electioneering communications
-

-

(a)

Prohibition on national banks and federally chartered corporation

1977

64

-

-

-

1996

493

- - -
-

-

(a)(1)

Application of laws to national bank and federally chartered corporation

1977

64

-

(b)

Prohibition on any corporation

1977

64

-

-

-

1995

465

-

-

-

1996

493

-

-

-

2002

694

- - -
-

-

(b)(1)

Prohibited corporate contributions

2002

694

-

-

-

2002

747

-

(b)(2)(i)

Prohibited corporate expenditures

2002

694

-

-

-

2002

747

-

(b)(2)(ii)

Prohibited express advocacy beyond restricted class

2002

694

-

(b)(2)(iii)

*Prohibited electioneering communications

2002

694

- - Removed
-
- (b)(3) *Prohibited electioneering communications
-

-

(c)

Coordination of activity with candidates

1996

493

-

-

-

2002

747

-

(d)

* Knowing acceptance of prohibited contribution

1996

493

-

(e)

* Consent to making of prohibited contribution

1996

493

-

(f)(1)

Facilitating the making of contributions

1996

494

-

-

-

2002

747

-

(f)(2)

Examples of facilitation

1996

494

- - -
-

-

(f)(2)(i)(A)

Employees engaged in fundraising

1996

494

-

(f)(2)(i)(B)

Use of facilities

1996

494

-

(f)(2)(i)(C)

Use of list

1996

494

-

(f)(2)(i)(D)

Use of meeting rooms

1996

494

-

(f)(2)(i)(E)

Catering and food services

1996

494

-

(f)(2)(iii)

Soliciting earmarked contributions

1996

495

-

(f)(2)(iv)

Use of coercion

1996

495

-

(f)(3)

Examples of what is not facilitation if conducted by SSF

1996

495

-

(f)(4)

Examples of what is not facilitation if conducted by corporation/labor organization

1996

495

-

(f)(4)(iii)

Soliciting earmarked contributions through SSF

1996

495

- (f)(5) Facilitation is not incidental services provided by corporate member as collecting agent for trade association, including payroll deduction
-

114.3

-

Partisan communications

1977

64

-

-

-

1980

136

-

-

-

1983

169

-

-

-

1984

195

-

-

Communications to restricted class

1996

495

-

(a)

General

1983

169

-

-

-

1984

195

-

-

-

1996

495

-

(a)(1)

Communications with restricted class

1983

169

-

-

-

1984

195

-

-

-

1996

495

-

-

-

2002

747

-

(a)(2)

Communications by membership organizations

1983

169

-

-

-

1984

195

-

(b)

Reporting of communications

1977

64

-

-

-

1980

136

-

-

-

1983

169

-

-

-

1984

195

-

-

-

1996

495

-

-

-

2002

747

-

(c)

Manner of making

1977

65

-

-

-

1983

169

-

-

-

1984

195

-

-

Communications containing express advocacy

1996

495

-

(c)(1)

Communication of organization's views

1977

65

-

-

-

1983

169

-

-

-

1984

195

-

(c)(1)(ii)

News in publications

1983

169

-

-

-

1984

195

-

(c)(2)

Candidate appearances

1977

65

-

-

-

1983

169

-

-

-

1984

195

-

-

-

1996

496

-

(c)(2)(iv)

Coverage by news media

1996

496

-

(c)(3)

Phone banks

1977

66

-

-

-

1983

170

-

-

-

1984

195

-

(c)(4)

Registration and get out the vote drives

1977

66

-

-

-

1983

170

-

-

-

1984

195

-

-

-

1996

497

114.4

-

Nonpartisan communications

1977

66

-

-

-

1983

170

-

-

-

1984

195

-

-

Communications beyond restricted class

1996

497

-

-

-

1996

504

-

-

-

2003

796

- - -
-

-

(a)

Nonpartisan communication by corporation or labor organization to employees or restricted class

1983

170

-

-

-

1984

195

-

-

General

1996

497

-

-

-

2002

747

-

(a)(1)

General

1983

170

-

-

-

1984

195

-

(a)(1)(i)

Nonpartisan communications by corporations and labor organizations

1983

170

-

-

-

1984

195

-

(a)(1)(ii)

Nonpartisan communications by other organizations

1983

170

-

-

-

1984

195

-

(a)(2)

Nonpartisan candidate and party appearances on corporate premises or at function

1983

170

-

-

-

1984

195

-

(a)(2)(ii)

Appearances by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates

1983

170

-

-

-

1984

195

-

(a)(3)

Nonpartisan candidate and party appearances on labor organization premises or at function

1983

170

-

-

-

1984

196

-

(b)

Nonpartisan candidate appearances

1977

66

-

-

Nonpartisan communications by corporations and labor organizations to the general public

1983

170

-

-

-

1984

196

-

-

Communications to employees beyond restricted class

1996

497

-

(b)(1)

General

1983

170

-

-

-

1984

196

-

-

Candidate appearances on corporate premises or at corporate functions

1996

497

-

(b)(1)(i)

Opportunity for other candidates to appear

1996

497

-

(b)(1)(iii)

Opportunity for other political parties to appear

1996

498

-

(b)(1)(iv)

Solicitation and collection of contributions

1996

498

-

(b)(1)(v)

No express advocacy

1996

497

-

(b)(1)(vi)

Similar time and location

1996

498

-

(b)(2)

Nonpartisan registration and voting communications

1983

170

-

-

-

1984

196

-

-

Candidate appearances on labor organization premises or at labor organization functions

1996

497

-

(b)(2)(i)

Factors in determination of nonpartisan communication

1983

170

-

-

-

1984

196

-

(b)(2)(ii)

Media through which a communication may be made

1983

170

-

-

-

1984

196

-

-

No express advocacy

1996

497

-

(b)(3)

Official registration and voting information

1983

170

-

-

-

1984

196

-

(b)(3)(iii)

Printing of registration materials and voter information

1983

170

-

-

-

1984

196

-

(b)(4)

Appearances on labor organization facilities

1977

66

-

-

Voting records

1983

170

-

-

-

1984

196

-

(b)(5)

Appearances on labor organization facilities

1977

66

-

-

Voter guides

1983

170

-

-

-

1984

196

-

(b)(5)(i)

Nonpartisan voter guides

1983

170

-

-

-

1984

196

-

-

Rule invalidated

1996

499

-

(b)(5)(i)(A)

Candidates to be included in guide

1984

196

-

-

Rule invalidated

1996

499

-

(b)(5)(i)(B)

Candidates' responses in voter guide

1984

196

-

-

Rule invalidated

1996

499

-

(b)(5)(i)(C)

Wording of questions

1984

196

-

-

Rule invalidated

1996

499

-

(b)(5)(i)(D)

Editorial opinion or support within guide

1984

196

-

-

Rule invalidated

1996

499

-

(b)(5)(i)(E)

Inclusion of biographical information

1984

196

-

-

Rule invalidated

1996

499

-

(b)(5)(i)(F)

Area of distribution

1984

196

-

-

Rule invalidated

1996

499

-

(b)(5)(ii)

Candidates' responses in voter guides

1983

170

-

(b)(5)(iii)

Wording of questionnaires in voter guide

1983

171

-

(b)(5)(iv)

Express advocacy within voter guide

1983

171

-

(b)(5)(v)

Inclusion of biographical information

1983

171

-

(b)(5)(vi)

Geographic area

1983

171

-

(c)

Nonpartisan registration and voter information

1977

67

-

-

Nonpartisan registration and get-out-the-vote drives

1983

171

-

-

-

1984

196

-

-

Communications to general public

1996

499

- - -
-

-

(c)(1)

Requirements for conducting nonpartisan drives

1977

66

-

-

-

1983

171

-

-

-

1984

196

- - -
-

-

(c)(1)(ii)

Table for distribution of voting information

1983

171

-

-

-

1984

197

-

(c)(2)

No candidate endorsement

1977

66

-

-

Donation of funds

1983

171

-

-

-

1984

197

-

-

Registration and voting communications

1996

499

-

(c)(3)

Use of personnel and facilities

1983

171

-

-

-

1984

197

-

-

Official registration and voting information

1996

499

-

(c)(3)(ii)

Distribution of registration forms and absentee ballots

1996

499

-

(c)(4)

When co-sponsorship not required

1983

171

-

-

-

1984

197

-

-

Voting records

1996

499

-

(c)(5)

Identification of drive sponsors

1983

171

-

-

-

1984

197

-

-

Voter guides

1996

499

-

-

-

2003

796

-

(c)(5)(i)

Voter guide produced without coordination with campaign

1996

499

-

-

-

2003

796

-

(c)(5)(ii)

Voter guide produced with limited contact with campaign

1996

499

-

-

-

2003

796

-

(c)(6)

Endorsement

1996

500

-

(c)(6)(ii)

No coordination with campaign

1996

500

-

(c)(7)

Candidate appearances at educational institutions

1996

500

-

(c)(7)(i)

Institution may charge candidate for use

1996

500

-

(c)(7)(ii)

Use of facilities at no charge or reduced charge

1996

500

-

(c)(7)(ii)(B)

No express advocacy or favoritism

1996

501

- (c)(8) Electioneering communications
-

-

(d)

Nonpartisan registration and get-out-the-vote drives

1977

67

-

-

Candidate appearances at membership organization facilities

1983

171

-

-

-

1984

197

-

-

Registration and get-out-the-vote drives

1996

501

-

(d)(1)

No express advocacy

1996

501

-

(d)(2)

No coordination with candidate or political party

1996

501

-

(d)(3)

No targeting voters of favored party

1996

502

-

(d)(4)

Facilities of corporation

1977

67

-

-

Services made available regardless of political preference

1996

501

-

(d)(5)

No payment to register particular voters

1996

501

-

(d)(6)

Notification that assistance available regardless of political preference

1996

502

-

(e)

Funding of candidate debates

1979

108

-

-

-

1980

120

-

-

* Candidate appearances at membership organization facilities or functions

1996

502

-

(f)

Candidate debates

1996

502

-

-

-

1996

504

114.5

-

Separate segregated funds

1977

67

-

-

-

1980

136

-

-

-

1984

196

-

-

-

1989

284

-

(a)

Voluntary contributions to a separate segregated fund

1977

67

-

(a)(1)

Money obtained by coercion or condition

1977

68

-

(a)(2)

Guideline for contributions

1977

68

-

(a)(5)

Required disclosures

1977

68

-

(b)

Use of treasury monies

1977

68

-

(c)

Membership in separate segregated funds

1977

69

-

(d)

Control of funds

1977

69

-

(e)

Disclosure

1977

69

-

-

-

1980

136

-

(e)(2)(i)

Separate segregated fund costs incurred for express advocacy communication

1980

136

-

-

-

2002

747

-

(f)

Contribution limits

1977

69

-

(g)

Solicitations

1977

69

-

-

-

1989

284

-

(g)(1)

Affiliation factors

1989

284

-

(h)

Accidental or inadvertent solicitation

1977

69

-

(i)

Communications paid for with voluntary contributions

1977

69

-

(j)

Acceptance of contributions

1977

70

-

(k)

Availability of methods

1977

70

-

(l)

Methods permitted by law to labor organizations

1977

70

114.6

-

Twice yearly solicitations

1977

70

-

-

-

1996

484

-

(c)

Written solicitation

1977

70

-

(d)

Custodial arrangement

1977

70

-

-

-

1996

484

-

(d)(3)(i)

Confidentiality of records

1996

484

-

(d)(5)

Who may serve as custodian

1996

484

-

(e)

Availability of methods

1977

71

-

(e)(2)

Restricted to SSF solicitation

1977

71

-

(e)(3)

Requirements for corporation

1977

71

-

(e)(4)

Notification of labor organization

1977

71

-

(e)(5)

Solicitation of labor organization employees

1977

72

114.7

-

Membership organizations, cooperatives or corporations without capital stock

1977

72

-

-

-

1993

377

-

-

-

1999

538

-

(a)

Solicitation rights

1977

72

-

(b)

No waiver of corporate/labor prohibition

1977

72

-

(c)

Trade association solicitations

1977

72

-

(d)

Incorporated professional organization

1977

72

-

(g)

Separate segregated fund

1977

72

-

(h)

Communication rights

1977

72

-

(i)

Mutual life insurance company

1977

73

-

(j)

Prohibition on soliciting separate segregated funds of members

1977

73

-

(k)

Cooperatives

1993

378

-

-

-

1999

538

-

(k)(1)

Solicitation rights of federated or rural cooperative

1993

378

-

(k)(2)

Communication rights of cooperative

1993

378

114.8

-

Trade associations

1977

73

-

-

-

1983

192

-

-

-

1989

272

-

-

-

1999

538

- - -
-

-

(a)

Definition

1977

73

-

(c)

Solicitation of member corporation's restricted class

1977

73

-

-

-

1983

192

-

(c)(2)

Limit on authorization

1983

192

-

(d)

Separate and specific approval

1977

73

-

-

-

1983

192

-

(d)(2)

Retention of approved requests

1977

73

-

-

-

1983

192

-

(d)(4)

Separate authorization

1983

192

-

(e)

Solicitation after approval

1977

74

- (e)(3) Solicitation method by trade association
-
- (e)(4) Corporate member as collecting agent
-
- (e)(4)(i) Incidental services
-
- (e)(4)(ii) Payroll deductions
-
- (e)(4)(iii) Equal access for labor organizations
-
- (e)(4)(iv) Reimbursement by labor organizations
-

-

(f)

Solicitation of parent or subsidiary

1977

75

-

-

-

1989

272

-

(g)

Federations of trade associations

1977

75

-

-

-

1989

284

-

-

-

1999

538

-

(g)(1)

Affiliates of trade association federation

1989

284

-

(h)

Communications other than solicitations

1977

75

-

(i)

Trade association employees

1977

76

114.9

-

Use of corporate or labor organization facilities and means of transportation

1977

76

-

-

-

1980

136

-

-

Use of corporate or labor organization facilities

2004

898

- - -
-

-

(a)

Use of corporate facilities for individual volunteer activity by stockholders and employees

1977

76

-

-

-

1980

136

- - -
-
- (a)(1) Incidental use of corporate facilities
-
- (a)(1)(i) Safe harbor for employees
-
- (a)(1)(ii) Safe harbor for stockholders
-

-

(a)(2)

Reimbursement for use of facilities

1980

136

-

-

-

2002

747

- - -
-
- (a)(2)(i) Safe harbor: incidental use, facilities
-
- (a)(2)(ii) Safe harbor: incidental use, Internet activities
-
- (a)(2)(ii)(C) Internet activities not performed under coercion
-
- (a)(3) Commercially reasonable time for reimbursement
-

-

(b)

Use of labor organization facilities for individual volunteer activity by officials, members and employees

1977

76

-

-

-

1980

136

- - -
-
- (b)(1) Incidental use of labor organization facilities
-
- (b)(1)(i) Safe harbor for employees
-
- (b)(1)(ii) Safe harbor for members
-

-

(b)(2)

Reimbursement for use of facilities

1980

136

-

-

-

2002

747

- - -
-
- (b)(2)(i) Safe harbor: incidental use, facilities
-
- (b)(2)(ii) Safe harbor: incidental use, Internet activities
-
- (b)(2)(ii)(C) Internet activities not performed under coercion
-
- (b)(3) Commercially reasonable time for reimbursement
-

-

(c)

Use of facilities to produce election materials

1977

76

-

(d)

Use of corporate or labor organization facilities by other persons

1977

77

-

-

-

1980

136

-

-

-

2002

747

-

(e)

Use of airplanes and other means of transportation

1977

77

-

-

Removed and reserved

2004

898

- - No effect on provision re: communications to and beyond restricted class
-

114.10

-

Extension of credit and settlement of corporate debts

1977

77

-

-

Section deleted

1990

292

-

-

Qualified nonprofit corporation

1995

465

-

-

-

2001

590

-

-

-

2002

694

- - -
-

-

(a)

Scope

1995

466

-

-

-

2002

696

-

(b)

Definitions

1995

466

-

(b)(1)

Promotion of political ideas

1995

466

-

(b)(2)

Express purpose

1995

466

-

(b)(2)(i)

Purpose stated in organization papers

1995

467

-

(b)(3)

Business activities

1995

467

-

(b)(4)

Shareholder

1995

467

-

(c)

Debt settlement procedures

1977

77

-

-

Section deleted

1990

292

-

-

Qualified nonprofit corporation defined

1995

467

-

(c)(1)

Express purpose

1995

467

-

(c)(2)

Prohibition on business activities

1995

468

-

(c)(3)

Prohibition on shareholders and business affiliates

1995

468

-

(c)(3)(i)

Shareholders

1995

468

-

(c)(3)(ii)

Persons with disincentives to disassociate

1995

469

-

(c)(4)

Relationship with business corporations and labor unions

1995

469

-

(c)(4)(i)

No establishment by

1995

469

-

(c)(4)(ii)

No donations from

1995

469

-

(c)(4)(iii)

Ability to demonstrate

1995

469

-

(c)(5)

Section 501(c)(4) status

1995

470

-

(d)

Permitted corporate independent expenditures

1995

472

-

-

Permitted corporate independent expenditures and electioneering communications

2002

696

-

(e)

Reporting requirements

1995

472

-

-

-

2001

590

-

(e)(1)

Certifying exempt status

1995

472

-

-

-

2001

590

-

(e)(1)(i)

Certification for independent expenditures

2002

696

-

(e)(1)(ii)

Format for making certification

2001

590

-

-

Certification for electioneering communications

2002

696

-

(e)(2)

Reporting independent expenditures

1995

472

-

-

-

2002

747

- - -
-
- (e)(2)(ii) Made by qualified nonprofit corporations in excess of $10,000
-

-

(f)

Solicitation disclosure

1995

472

-

(g)

Non-authorization notice

1995

473

-

-

-

2002

697

-

(h)

Segregated bank account

2002

697

-

(i)

Activities prohibited by internal revenue code

2002

697

114.11

-

Employee participation plan

1977

77

-

(b)

Availability to members of a labor organization

1977

77

-

(c)

Communications about participation in the plan

1977

77

-

(d)

Identification of corporation in transmittal of contributions

1977

78

114.12

-

Miscellaneous provisions

1977

78

-

-

-

1980

136

-

-

-

1995

475

-

-

Incorporation of political committees; payment of fringe benefits

1996

502

- - -
-

-

(a)

Incorporation for liability purposes only

1977

78

-

-

-

1980

136

-

(b)

Use of meeting rooms

1977

78

-

-

Section removed and reserved

1996

502

-

(c)

Costs of fringe benefits

1977

78

- - -
-
- (c)(1)

Who may/may not pay costs of fringe benefits

-

-

(d)

Payroll deduction plan

1977

78

-

-

Section repealed

1995

475

114.13

-

Use of meeting rooms

1996

502

114.14

-

Further restrictions on use of corporate and labor organization funds for electioneering communications

2002

698
- - -
-
- (a)(1) Prohibited from providing funds for electioneering communications not permissible under exemption at 114.15
-
- (b)(1) Persons accepting corporations and labor funds shall not use funds to pay for electioneering communications not permissible under exemption at 114.15
-
- (b)(2) Persons accepting corporations and labor funds shall not use funds to defray costs of EC not permissible under exemption at 114.15
-
- (d)(1) Persons accepting corporate and labor funds must be able to demonstrate these funds not used to pay for EC not permissible under exemption at 114.15
-
- (d)(2)(i) Use of segregated account by persons other than corporations and labor organizations that make electioneering communications that come under exemption at 114.15
-
- (d)(2)(ii) Use of segregated account by persons other than corporations and labor organizations to make electioneering communications that do not come under exemption at 114.15
-
114.15 - Permissible use of corporate and labor organization funds for certain electioneering communications
-
- (a) General exemption (WRTL II)
-
- (b) Safe harbor provision
-
- (b)(1) Mentioning election or candidacy prong
-
- (b)(2) Taking a position on character or qualifications prong
-
-

(b)(3)

Lobbying communications or commercial ads prong
-
- (b)(3)(i) Legislative, executive or judicial matters
-
- (b)(3)(ii) Proposed commercial transaction
-
- (c) Interpretation for electioneering communications that do not qualify for the safe harbor
-
- (c)(1) Indicia of express advocacy
-
- (c)(2) Content of communication
-
- (c)(2)(i) Focus on public policy
-
- (c)(2)(ii) Proposes commercial transaction
-
- (c)(2)(iii) Includes call to action
-
- (c)(3) Interpreting the communication
-
- (d) Information permissibly considered
-
- (e) Examples of Communications
-
- - Examples that qualify for safe harbor
-
- - Examples that do not qualify for safe harbor but are permissible under general exemption
-
- - Examples not permissible under general exemption
-
- (f) Reporting Requirement
-
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