This file contains specific disbursement transactions disclosed to the Commission as electioneering communications. Electioneering communications are broadcast ads (radio, tv, cable or satellite) that are (1) sponsored by individuals or groups that are not political committees (i.e. not campaigns, PACs or parties), (2) distributed within 30 days of a primary election or 60 days of the general election, (3) make reference to a federal candidate and (4)are targeted to the relevant electorate.
Filers report electioneering communications transactions in two parts: the recipient, cost, purchase and distribution dates of the expenditure, and the candidate or candidates identified in the communication. The report does not indicate how much of the reported expenditure should be allocated to each candidate listed. In an effort to help users work with this complicated data, we have divided the reported expenditure equally by the number of candidates named in the report. The resulting dataset provides the user with the reported expenditure amount, the number of reported candidates and the calculated pro rata amount per candidate.
Additional information about Electioneering Communications can be found here.
This file includes all transactions with disbursement dates beginning January 1, 2007. Please note that this file includes only reports disclosing disbursement activity; reports disclosing only receipts or no activity are not included.
For the current two-year cycle, electioneering communications disbursements are added to this file each morning. If an entity files an amendment to an original report, an automated process attempts to match the coverage and public distribution dates on FEC Form 9, the 24 Hour Notice of Disbursements/Obligations for Electioneering Communications, in order to include only the most recently filed electioneering communications report in this file. We recommend, however, that you check the reports as filed to ensure you aren’t counting the same disbursement more than once.
For prior election cycles, electioneering communications have already been streamlined to include only the latest amendment.
The Electioneering Communications Transactions File contains the following information:
|Column Name||Field Name||Position||Data Type||Description|
A 9-character alpha-numeric code assigned to a candidate by the Federal Election Commission. The candidate ID for a specific candidate remains the same across election cycles as long as the candidate is running for the same office.
||Candidate Office||3||Character||H = House
P = President
S = Seante
|CANDIDATE_STATE||Candidate State||4||Character||House = state of race
President = US
Seante = state of race
||Candidate District||5||Character||Congressional district number.
Congressional At Large 00
||Filer ID||7||Character||A 9-character alpha-numeric code assigned to a committee by the Federal Election Commission. The filer ID for a specific committee always remains the same.|
Indicates the image location of the disbursement
11-digit Image Number Format
18-digit Image Number Format (June 29, 2015)
||Payee Street Address||10||Character|
||Disbursement Date||14||Date||Date reported on Schedule 9-B|
||Communication Date||15||Date||Date reported on Schedule 9-B|
||Date of Public Distribution||16||Date||Date reported on Form 9 page 1|
||Reported Disbursement Amount||17||Number||Amount reported on Schedule 9-B|
|NUMBER_OF_CANDIDATES||Number of Candidates||18||Number||Number of candides reported on Schedule 9-B associated with a specific disbursement|
|CALCULATED_CANDIDATE_SHARE||Calculated Share Per Candidate||19||Number||Calculated Share equals Reported Disbursement Amount devided by Number of Candidates|